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J. J. Martín González

Spanish palace that stands beside the rivers Tagus and Jarama in the province of Madrid, 47 km south of the capital. It was intended as a spring and summer residence for the royal family and is renowned for its gardens and fountains. The summer residence built at Aranjuez in ...

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Maria Teresa Caracciolo

Italian painter and draughtsman. He was an important history painter and decorator, whose paintings and drawings vary in manner from the Baroque to Neo-classical, and who anticipated Romantic historicism. His subjects are taken from Greek and Roman literature, 16th- and 17th-century religious history and Italian literature of the early and High Renaissance; his many drawings include preparatory studies, caricatures, genre scenes and portraits. He trained under ...

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Carlos Cid Priego

Spanish sculptor and teacher. He began studying at the Escuela de Bellas Artes de la Lonja in Barcelona at the age of 14, and he worked in the studio of Salvador Gurri (fl 1756–1819), a late Baroque sculptor with Neo-classical tendencies. Campeny left the studio after he was attacked by Gurri, who, as a teacher at the Escuela (...

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Ulrich Knapp

German family of masons and architects. Thomas Daisenberger (1642–81), his son Matthias Daisenberger (d 1712) and his nephew Joseph Dossenberger (i) (b Wollishausen, nr Augsburg, 17 Feb 1694; d Wollishausen, 22 May 1754) were masons active in the region of Augsburg. In ...

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Mimi Cazort

Italian family of artists. The work of the brothers (1) Ubaldo Gandolfi and (2) Gaetano Gandolfi and of the latter’s son, (3) Mauro Gandolfi, reflects the transition from late Bolognese Baroque through Neo-classicism and into early Italian Romanticism. During their period of collective productivity, from ...

Article

Flemish sculptor. His work was essentially part of the late Flemish Baroque tradition; yet he was aware of the emerging Neo-classical movement, as is revealed by certain details in his religious works and, above all, by the spirit of his secular commissions. He was a pupil first of the painter ...

Article

Zilah Quezado Deckker

Spanish architect. He was one of the leading Baroque architects active in southern Spain in the early 18th century. His use of decoration earned him criticism as a ‘heretic’ by Neo-classical writers (e.g. Llanguno y Amirola). He started as an ensamblador, a carver of wooden retables, such as that of the high altar of S Lorenzo, Córdoba (...

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Mimi Cazort

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Valeria Farinati

Italian architect, architectural editor and expositor, landscape designer, draughtsman and cartographer. His work represents the transition from late Venetian Baroque to Neo-classicism, which his studies of Palladio did much to promote in its early stages. His style, however, was never entirely free of the Baroque elements acquired during his formative years....

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Vittorio Casale

Italian painter. He was a prolific painter who created many altarpieces and frescoes and whose increasingly restrained art marks the transition from Late Baroque to Neo-classicism. After a brief and unimportant apprenticeship with the engraver Cornelius Bloemaert, he entered the workshop of Ciro Ferri, and after Ferri’s death (...

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Heinz Horat

Swiss family of architects and artists. Paolo Antonio Pisoni (i) (b Ascona, 22 May 1658; d Ascona, 27 Feb 1711), son of Pier Paolo of Ascona, was a sculptor in wood; his surviving work includes several richly carved reliquaries, a bust associated with a relic in the parish church at Ascona and altars in the parish church at Quinto. ...

Article

Ksenija Rozman

Italian sculptor, active in Slovenia. He trained from 1711 to 1716 with Pietro Baratta (b 1668 or 1659), an exponent of Tuscan Neo-classicism in Venice who was also familiar with Roman Baroque sculpture. Through him Robba came into contact with Giuseppe Pozzo (brother of Andrea Pozzo) and his designs for altars, which influenced Robba’s early work, especially in Ljubljana (white marble monument to the ...

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Aurora Rabanal Yus

Spanish architect and teacher. He is a particularly controversial figure in Spanish art. Some critics and contemporaries considered his work Baroque, while others eventually saw it as Neo-classical. He was, along with Francesco Sabatini and Juan de Villanueva, one of the most important Spanish architects of the second half of the 18th century. The newly proclaimed Bourbon dynasty wished to introduce new influences into architecture, and Rodríguez was the first to facilitate this, fusing current European trends with a traditional Spanish classicism....

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Zilah Quezado Deckker

Italian architect, active also in Spain. He came from a family of goldsmiths who served the Savoy court in Turin. He was a pupil and follower of the architect Filippo Juvarra, whose drawings he meticulously catalogued. Sacchetti became a member of the Accademia di S Luca, Rome, in ...

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Ramón Gutiérrez

Spanish architect, sculptor, and teacher, active in Mexico. He studied at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de S Carlos, Valencia, at a time when Baroque forms were being rejected in Spain and Neo-classicism was being promoted. He was apprenticed to the sculptor José Puchol Rubio (...

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Mimi Cazort

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Jörg Garms

Italian architect, draughtsman and painter. His work represents the transition from Baroque to Neo-classicism, and his correspondence and the number of his extant drawings make him perhaps the best-documented Italian architect of the 18th century. Vanvitelli’s father was the Dutch vedute painter Gaspar van Wittel...

Article

Joshua Drapkin

French painter, draughtsman and engraver. He was one of the earliest French painters to work in the Neo-classical style, and although his own work veered uncertainly between that style and the Baroque, Vien was a decisive influence on some of the foremost artists of the heroic phase of Neo-classicism, notably ...