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Marc Jordan

(b London, April 1, 1794; d Ely, Oct 16, 1845).

English architect. He was born into a wealthy and cultured family related to the Disraelis and the Ricardos, and he trained in John Soane’s office (1810–16), receiving what was then probably the best architectural education available in England, as in his watercolour of the staircase of Gower House, London (1813; London, Soane Mus.; see Chambers, william, fig.). In 1816 he began a tour of Italy and Greece, which was recorded in letters to his family (untraced; typescript London, Soane Mus.) and in drawings and sketches (London, Soane Mus.; see Jordan). After travelling via Paris to Turin, Florence, Rome, Venice and Vicenza, a meeting with C. R. Cockerell in Rome (1817) persuaded him to visit Greece; during 1818 he went via Naples to Thessaly, Constantinople and Athens, returning to Rome via Sicily.

In June 1819 Basevi was back in London at a moment when building activity was expanding after the depressed years immediately following the end of the Napoleonic Wars. His earliest commissions were minor alteration works for family friends or business acquaintances. In ...


Y. de la Genardière

(b Bussières, nr Lyon, Sept 22, 1793; d Paris, Nov 19, 1863).

French sculptor. He began his career as a self-taught wood-carver, going on in 1813 to study sculpture in Lyon with Joseph Chinard and then with Joseph-Charles Marin. In 1817 he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris as a pupil of François-Frédéric Lemot. He first exhibited at the Salon in 1819 and from 1823 was in Rome for three years, his study of antique sculpture there confirming the stylistic predisposition of his Neo-classical training. In Rome he produced the model for his statue of Spartacus (marble; Paris, Louvre), which, when exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1830, aroused the enthusiasm of critics as well as of the public: the gladiator breaking his chains became the symbol of the revolution of that year. This success gained him many commissions for monumental sculpture, including marble statues of Faith (1830; Paris, Notre-Dame-de-Lorette), Prudence (1834; Paris, Pal.-Bourbon), Cincinnatus (1834; Paris, Jard. Tuileries) and ...


Marie-Félicie Pérez

(b Irancy, Yonne, July 23, 1713; d Paris, Aug 29, 1780).

French architect. The leading Neo-classical architect in 18th-century France, his early career was spent in Lyon. There he built a number of country houses as well as the Hôtel-Dieu, the Loge du Change and the influential Théâtre. His Académie lectures on Classical rules and proportions, Gothic church architecture, Italian Baroque buildings and the latest archaeological discoveries revealed his independence from doctrinaire attitudes and his interest in technical and structural problems. After 1755 he was based in Paris, principally engaged on building the church of Ste-Geneviève (now the Panthéon), an ambitious project plagued with difficulties, which was not completed until after his death.

Born in Burgundy, Soufflot’s training began in Rome. There, in December 1734, he was admitted to the Académie de France through the patronage of the Duc d’Antin. Over the following four years he investigated Classical sites in and around the city, as well as studying Italian Baroque architecture. In ...