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Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Sculptor, founder, designer of ornamental architectural features. Religious subjects.

London, 3 May 1977: Baptismal Fonts (bronze, h. 14¼ ins/36.5 cm, diam. 17 ins/43.2 cm) GBP 12,000

Article

Flemish School, 18th century, male.

Born 27 April 1699, in Antwerp; died 10 September 1768, in Antwerp.

Sculptor, architect. Religious subjects.

Jan van Baurscheit the Younger was the son of Jan Pieter van Baurscheit the Elder. He was accepted as a member of the Guild of St Luke in ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1652, in Florence; died 1725, in Florence.

Sculptor, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects, mythological subjects. Groups, busts, statues, low reliefs, objets d'art.

Giovanni Battista Foggini studied initially in Florence and then moved to Rome to complete his studies at the request of Cosimo de' Medici III, Grand Duke of Tuscany. Foggini subsequently returned to work in Florence where, among other things, he produced a bust of ...

Article

Belgian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1731, in Nivelles (Brabant); died 1815, in Nivelles (Brabant).

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features. Religious furnishings.

A pupil of L. Delvaux, Philippe Lelievre is credited with the balustrade sculptures on the pulpit of the church of Ste-Gertrude in Nivelles....

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1702, in Bologna; died 1766, in Bologna.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, architect. Religious subjects. Church decoration.

Ercole Lelli was a pupil of J.P. Zanotti and director of the Accademia di Belle Arti in Bologna. He is known for the paintings he produced for churches in Bologna and Piacenza....

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1640, in Avignon; died 10 April 1725, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, architect.

Pierre Mignard II was the painter to Maria Teresa of Austria, Knight of the Order of Christ and a member of Académie d'Architecture. He designed the choir and cupola of Avignon Cathedral; the theatre in Avignon; the Benedictine altar in Roquefort; the hospital, Hôtel Dieu, and Hôtel des Galéans, in Avignon; Montmajour Abbey; and the façade of St-Nicolas college in Paris....

Article

Pomposa  

Charles B. McClendon

Italian former Benedictine abbey near the mouth of the Po River and 45 km north of Ravenna in the province of Emilia Romagna. Although first documented in ad 874, a monastic settlement probably existed there at least two centuries earlier. Pomposa rose to prominence in the 10th and 11th centuries through the support of the Holy Roman emperors. Over the course of the 14th century, a notable series of wall paintings in three different buildings were sponsored despite the monastery’s waning fortunes. In 1663 the monastic community was suppressed by papal decree. The site was secularized in 1802 and became property of the Italian state after 1870.

The proportions of the wooden-roofed basilican church, along with the polygonal outline of its main apse, reflect influence from nearby Ravenna and Classe and suggest a date in the 8th or 9th century. An elaborate pavement of mosaic and cut stone (opus sectile...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Active also active in Portugal and in Spain.

Born c. 1654, in Massa; died 1735, in Genoa.

Sculptor, architect. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects. Statues.

Genoese School.

Giacomo Antonio Ponsonelli was the son of Domenico Ponsonelli and pupil of Filippo Parodi. He worked in Portugal and Spain as well as Genoa, where he made statues and altars for a number of churches....

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Urbino.

Born 15 November 1759; died 25 May 1848.

Sculptor, painter, architect, art restorer. Religious subjects.

A pupil of Michelangelo Dolci, Francesco Rondelli succeeded his master as professor at the academy in Urbino. He carved a number of figures of angels in Urbino Cathedral as well as painting a ...

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Born 23 February 1696, in Wernfels; died 29 October 1765.

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

A court sculptor and architect, Matthias Seybold is the most important representative of the Rococo style in Eichstätt, Germany. His work was inspired by religion and was produced mainly for the cathedral of Eichstätt....

Article

Austrian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born c. 1644; died 18 April 1727, in Vienna.

Painter, sculptor (ivory), architect. Religious furnishings (altars), statuettes.

Matthias Steinl was one of the best-known Austrian Baroque artists.

Vienna (Kunsthistorisches Mus.): Leopold I (ivory); Joseph I (ivory); ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 5 January 1742, in Paris; died 30 June 1826, in Charenton-le-Pont.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects, figures, architectural views.

Jean Baptiste Stouf was apprenticed to Guillaume Costou II, came second in the sculpture competition in 1769, and became an Académicien on ...

Article

Spanish, 18th century, male.

Born in Toro.

Sculptor, painter, architect.

Simon Tomé y Gavilán carved part of the high altar of León Cathedral as well as religious statues for churches in the area surrounding the city.

Article

Natália Marinho Ferreira Alves

(b Braga, Dec 18, 1731; d Tibães, Aug 30, 1808).

Portuguese designer, wood-carver, sculptor and architect.

His godfather, the Reverend Constantino da Cunha Soto Maior (d 1757), was treasurer of the Cathedral of Braga, and one of his brothers, João de Araújo Ferreira Vilaça (b 1720), was clerk to the Vicar General of Vila Real in Trás-os-Montes. Frei José’s early training was with his father, Custódio Ferreira, a skilled carpenter. In November 1754 Frei José signed his first contract to carve the retable of the high altar of the church of the convent of S Clara, Amarante. From 1757 he worked at Tibães, near Braga, the headquarters of the Benedictine Order in Portugal, where, with José de Álvares de Araújo, he collaborated on carving the magnificent talha (carved and gilded wood) designed for the church of S Martinho by André Ribeiro Soares da Silva. The work began with the high altar, for which Frei José carved the statues of SS Martinho, Bento and Escolástica, and the whole scheme, one of the finest in Portugal, was subsequently completed in ...

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Born 10 December 1710, in Ehrenstetten; died 1 July 1797, in Freiburg.

Sculptor, architect. Religious subjects. Statues.

Wenzinger was one of the most important Rococo sculptors in southern Germany. He sculpted statues, tombs and Ways of the Cross for several churches. From ...