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Article

Jens Peter Munk

(b Copenhagen, Sept 11, 1743; d Frederiksdal, Copenhagen, June 4, 1809).

Danish painter, designer and architect. His paintings reveal both Neo-classical and Romantic interests and include history paintings as well as literary and mythological works. The variety of his subject-matter reflects his wide learning, a feature further evidenced by the broad range of his creative output. In addition to painting, he produced decorative work, sculpture and furniture designs, as well as being engaged as an architect. Successfully combining both intellectual and imaginative powers, he came to be fully appreciated only in the 1980s.

He studied at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen (1764–72), and in 1767 he assisted Johan Edvard Mandelberg (1730–86) in painting the domed hall of the Fredensborg Slot with scenes from the Homeric epic the Iliad. In 1772 he was granted a five-year travelling scholarship from the Kunstakademi to study in Rome. During his Roman sojourn he extensively copied works of art from the period of antiquity up to that of the Carracci family. His friendships with the Danish painter Jens Juel, the Swedish sculptor Johan Tobias Sergel and the Swiss painter Johann Heinrich Fuseli placed him among artists who were in the mainstream of a widespread upheaval in European art. In these years Abildgaard developed both Neo-classical and Romantic tastes; his masterpiece of the period is ...

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Active in Munich at the beginning of the 18th century.

Sculptor. Architectural views.

Munich (Royal Collection): Façade of a House (drawing)

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1737, in Valenciennes; died 1820, in Valenciennes.

Sculptor.

Grégoire Adam is not mentioned in artists' records, but Gombert, the architect from Lille who built the Hôtel Merghelynck at Ypres, thought him fit to compete with the best artists of French Flanders in the ornamentation of this supreme expression of 18th-century art. He decorated one of the salons, installing in it medallions of ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Sculptor, founder, designer of ornamental architectural features. Religious subjects.

London, 3 May 1977: Baptismal Fonts (bronze, h. 14¼ ins/36.5 cm, diam. 17 ins/43.2 cm) GBP 12,000

Article

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 24 July 1742, in Bedano; died 15 or 16 November 1839, in Milan.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features, draughtsman.

Studied initially at an atelier of sculpture in Parma, then at the academy there and in Rome. His fame as a designer of ornamental features spread rapidly and he was appointed to teach at the Milan academy in ...

Article

Brazilian, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1738, in Vila Rica (now Ouro Prêto), Minas Gerais; died 18 November 1814, in Villa Rica.

Sculptor.

Aleijadinho studied European style from engravings and prints in contemporary journals of architecture. He was fascinated by the elaborate Rococo style and southern German religious representations. He was given the nickname Aleijadinho (the little cripple) because of an illness that progressively destroyed his fingers and toes from ...

Article

Flemish School, 18th century, male.

Active in Ghent.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features.

In 1739, J. F. Allaert took part with Laurent Delvaux in a competition for construction work in the Cathedral of St Baaf. The subject of the competition was a pulpit, for which the artist produced a number of terracotta pieces. He is also credited with the statue of St Sebastian in the church of St Michael in Ghent. Edmond Chevalier mentions him in ...

Article

Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Died c. 1769.

Architect, sculptor.

A brother of the sculptor José d'Almeida, Felix Vincente was architect and interior decorator to the Portugese royal house in around 1750.

Article

Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1700; died 1769.

Sculptor.

José d'Almeida, the brother of the architect Felix Vincente d'Almeida, was sent to Rome by King John V to study the works of Pietro da Cortona and Ciro Ferri. In Rome, where he was resident at the same time as his compatriot Ignacio de Oliveira, he was apprenticed to Carlo Monaldi. On his return to Lisbon in ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Of Neapolitan origin.

Sculptor.

A Jesuit and architect who was chosen by King Charles III to construct the obelisk at the church of Gesù Nuovo.

Article

Angers  

Austrian, 18th century, male.

Painter.

Angers was of Bohemian origin and, according to Dlabacz, painted historical subjects and architecture. His portrait of the Bohemian sculptor Mathias von Braun was engraved by Johann Balzer.

Article

J.-P. Esther

(b Brussels, bapt Dec 3, 1687; d nr Aachen, June 30, 1752).

Flemish architect and sculptor. He was the son of the influential Brussels guild-master Frans Anneessens (1660–1719), who was beheaded for his part in the Popular Rebellion. In 1705 he was accepted into the Guild of the Vier Gekroonden (‘Four Crowned Ones’) as a master mason. On 26 January 1709 he married Françoise van Troen, a relative of the sculptor and architect Cornelis van Nerven (fl 1696–1717), who was in charge of the work on the new rear wing of the town hall in Brussels from 1708 to 1717. Anneessens provided drawings and models for two fountains for the inner courtyard of this wing in 1714. These comprised marble river gods representing the Scheldt and the Meuse surrounded by bronze tritons and dolphins; they were executed by Pieter-Denis Plumier in 1715–17. He also supervised the restoration of the abbot’s residence of the Norbertine abbey at Grimbergen, near Brussels, from ...

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 1730, in Nivelles (Brabant), Belgium; died 1773, in Nivelles.

Sculptor.

Adrien Joseph Anrion worked on structures erected by the architect Laurent-François de Wez. He was a pupil of the sculptor Laurent Delvaux but an inferior imitator of his style. He completed his studies in Italy and returned to settle in Brussels. He is known for the piece entitled ...

Article

Antoine  

French, 18th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 18th century.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features.

He is known to have been a councillor of the Académie de St-Luc at the time of its closure in 1776, and to have settled later in Paris....

Article

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Paris during the second half of the 18th century.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features.

He entered the Académie de St-Luc in 1762; in 1774 he worked on the decoration of the Mint.

Article

Myriam A. Ribeiro de Oliveira and Liliana Herrera

In 

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Naples.

Sculptor.

Under the direction of the architect Constantino Marri, Apice sculpted the gables and sections of the portal for the cloister of Croce di Lucca in Naples in 1748.

Article

Spanish, 18th century, male.

Sculptor, architect.