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Article

(b Quebec, Qué., Aug 10, 1764; d Quebec, Qué., June 3, 1839).

Canadian metalworker. He studied at the Petit Seminaire du Québec from 1778 to 1780 and began his apprenticeship c. 1780 in the silversmith’s shop of his elder brother, Jean-Nicolas Amiot (1750–1821); the tradition that he was apprenticed to François Ranvoyzé is unfounded. In 1782 he travelled to Paris to complete his training and remained there for five years, supported by his family. He absorbed the Louis XVI style, then popular in France, and after his return to Quebec in 1787 he set up a workshop to introduce this into Canada.

Much of Amiot’s work was for the Church, reworking traditional forms in the Louis XVI style. In a sanctuary lamp of 1788 for the church at Repentigny he elongated the standard shape and decorated it with a balanced arrangement of Neo-classical designs. After 1800 his work became formulaic and less innovative, though there are such notable exceptions as the chalice (...

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b c. 1657; d 1729–30).

American goldsmith and silversmith of Dutch origin, based in New York. His most characteristic products are spoons, teapots, beakers and tankards (with coins set in the lids); his pieces are marked with the letters IB in a shield. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York has a fine silver teapot and a silver seal made for civic use in Marbletown (Ulster County, NY). Jacob’s son Henricus was also a silversmith....

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b 1759; d 1838).

American clockmaker and silversmith. After an apprenticeship in Norwich, CT, he established a business in East Windsor, CT. He made fine longcase clocks with brass works and faces of engraved silver. His day-books and ledgers survive, and show that he made and sold only 49 clocks in the course of 20 years....

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b Boston, Jan 5, 1692; d Boston, Jan 23, 1745).

American silversmith, active in Boston. The most important collection of his silverware is held by Harvard University (notably a pair of candlesticks dated 1724); the Historical Society of York, PA, holds a thimble (c. 1740), and Yale University has a fine tankard (c. 1745). John Burt’s sons William (...

Article

Gerald W. R. Ward

(b Boston, MA, Jan 5, 1656; d Boston, Aug 20, 1722).

American silversmith, goldsmith and engraver. The son of a cooper, Coney probably served his apprenticeship with Jeremiah Dummer (1645–1718) of Boston. Coney may have engraved the plates for the first banknotes printed in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1690 and certainly engraved the plates for those issued in 1702. His patrons included important citizens of Boston, churches throughout New England, local societies and Harvard College. Active as a silversmith and goldsmith for 45 years, he produced objects in three distinct styles—that of the late 17th century (characterized by engraved and flat-chased ornament and scrollwork), the early Baroque and the late Baroque (or Queen Anne)—and introduced specialized forms to New England, for example the monteith and chocolatepot. Although derived directly from the English silversmithing tradition and thus not innovative in design, Coney’s work exhibits excellent craftsmanship in all technical aspects of gold- and silversmithing. Two lobed sugar-boxes (Boston, MA, Mus. F. A., and Manchester, NH, Currier Gal. A.), a large, gadrooned, two-handled cup (...

Article

David M. Sokol

(b Cheshire, CT, 1754; d New Haven, CT, Jan 31, 1832).

American engraver. Doolittle learnt to engrave in metal through his apprenticeship to a silversmith. His career as an independent craftsman was interrupted by army service during the American Revolution, during which time he met Ralph Earl, whose drawings of battle scenes, including the battles of Lexington and Concord, Doolittle was later to engrave on copper. The success of these historical scenes, for example A View of the Town of Concord, published in New Haven in 1775, enabled Doolittle to abandon his trade as a silversmith. Responding to patriotic demand for images of the new American leaders, Doolittle engraved likenesses of successive American presidents, including George Washington, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson. The tribute to Washington he first issued in 1788, A Display of the United States of America (1794; New Haven, CT, Yale U. A.G.), was reworked five times. He also engraved book illustrations, scenic views, and bookplates. Although not the first engraver in America, as he was later to claim, Doolittle was the only one of his generation to attempt to expand beyond service work to original compositions on a regular basis....

Article

Gordon Campbell

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b 1645; d 1718).

American silversmith, apparently the first to be born in America. He was apprenticed in the Boston workshop of John Hull (see under Boston §III 2., (i)). Dummer's silverwork is severe, but includes stylish objects, such as cups with cast scroll and caryatid handles. His apprentices probably included Coney, John...

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b London, 1728; d Annapolis, MD, 1804),

American silversmith and clockmaker. He was primarily a merchant, but his workshop produced a small number of pieces that can now be identified. His diary is concerned in large part with his passion for gardening, but is also a valuable resource for the American silver trade in the late 18th century....

Article

Damie Stillman

Architectural and decorative arts style that flourished in the USA from shortly after the acknowledgement of independence in the Treaty of Paris (1783) until c. 1820. The term is derived from the period surrounding the creation of the federal constitution in 1787 and was in use in a political sense by that year. Essentially it was a form of Neo-classicism, strongly influenced by manifestations of that style in England and, to a lesser extent, in France; but at times certain more conservative qualities inherited from the previous Colonial period are also present. The inspiration of European, and especially English, Neo-classical architecture was to be expected in a society grounded in that of 18th-century England; but an added impetus was the association often cited at the time between the fledgling American republic and the ancient Roman one.

Although a few indications of European Neo-classical influence are found in the American colonies before the Revolution began in ...

Article

Monroe H. Fabian

(b Danzig [now Gdańsk, Poland], Oct 4, 1700; d Bethlehem, PA, Jan 18, 1780).

American painter of German birth, active also in England. Born into a family of goldsmiths, he received his first training in that craft from his father. When his father became a court goldsmith in Berlin, Haidt attended his first drawing lessons at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in that city. After a 10-year journey around Europe (1714–24), he set up his studio in London, where he joined the Moravian Church. From 1724 to 1738 he worked as a preacher in England and Germany; it was probably c. 1746 that he began to paint for the Church. In 1747 he exhibited First Fruits (version, Bethlehem, PA, Archv Morav. Church), which contained 25 life-size figures of people converted to Christianity by Moravian missionaries.

In 1752 Haidt was sent to assist in the decorating of Lindsey House, London, owned by the Moravians. In 1754 he and his wife settled in Bethlehem, PA, and then in Philadelphia, where he painted portraits of his American associates and religious scenes for various Moravian churches and missions. His religious pictures are frequently crowded with figures and brightly coloured and exhibit an awkwardness of perspective and scale, for example ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

American family of silversmiths, active in Boston. Jacob Hurd (1702–58) produced large quantities of domestic plate (e.g. porringers and pepper boxes) in a solid version of the contemporary English style; the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston has many examples of his work. He also engraved bookplates and created seals, including those for Harvard University and Dartmouth College. Two of Jacob’s 14 children, Benjamin (...

Article

American, 18th century, male.

Active in Virginia and in Pennsylvania.

Portrait artist, medallist.

Article

David M. Sokol

(b Cheshire, CT, April 1, 1755; d Newark, NJ, Dec 12, 1811).

American silversmith and engraver. After training as a silversmith, he responded to the growing demand for copperplate-engraving by launching his own business in Newark in the 1770s, advertising in the New York and New Jersey newspapers as an engraver of tea sets and as a copperplate printer. Engraving bookplates, broadsides and occasional portraits provided his staple income; in later years, after American Independence, he was also able to meet the demand of nascent banks for individualized, intricately designed banknotes to counter forgery. Although the ephemeral nature of his work makes it difficult to evaluate his talent within the broader context of contemporary engraving, he achieved sufficient status to be elected as the representative of the Engravers’ Association to the Federal Procession of 1788. Three of his sons, Samuel Maverick, Andrew Maverick and the best-known, Peter Maverick (1780–1871), also became printmakers. The last established a partnership with Asher B. Durand between ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b 1803; d c. 1878).

American silversmith. In 1839 he established a workshop in New York; the principal client for his Rococo Revival wares (mostly presentation plate) was Ball, Tompkins & Black. In 1864 Moore joined Tiffany family §1; the family business passed to his gifted son Edward Chandler Moore (1827–91), who subsequently designed and manufactured silverware for Tiffany & Co.,which took over the workshop in ...

Article

American, 18th century, male.

Born 1688, near Boston (Massachusetts); died 17 June 1748, in Boston.

Engraver, goldsmith.

Article

American, 18th century, male.

Active in New York.

Born 18th century, in Prussia.

Goldsmith.

Otto Paul de Parissen was the father of David Parisien, a goldsmith in New York from 1789 to 1817, and of Philippe Parisien, a miniaturist in New York from 1798 to 1812...

Article

American, 18th century, male.

Active in London in 1772.

Engraver (burin/wood).

Poupard worked in New York, from 1807 to 1814. He produced several portraits of Oliver Goldsmith.

Article

Sally Webster

(b Philadelphia, PA, Sept 23, 1734; d Philadelphia, Jan 9, 1805).

American painter. Pratt had only a rudimentary education before he became an apprentice to his uncle, James Claypoole, one of Philadelphia’s earliest artists. Pratt took up portraiture full time in 1758 and married Elizabeth Moore two years later. In 1764, Pratt accompanied Betsy Shewell, his cousin and Benjamin West’s fiancée, and John West, the artist’s father, to London. Pratt was witness to their wedding and spent two and half years in West’s studio, a stay commemorated in his best-known work (and the only one he signed and dated), The American School (1765; New York, Met.). Although he spent most of his career in his native city, Pratt took trips to Great Britain and New York, where he painted portraits of Governor Cadwallader Colden (1772; Albany, NY State Mus.), and his daughter, Elizabeth Colden DeLancey, Mrs Peter DeLancey (c. 1772; New York, Met.).

It is fair to say that ...

Article

American, 18th century, male.

Born 1748, in Dublin, Ireland; died 24 October 1802, in Montreal.

Miniaturist, goldsmith.

Ramage worked in Boston, New York and Montreal. One of his most beautiful painted ivories, Portrait of George Washington, is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York....