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Article

Russian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1754, in St Petersburg; died 1824, in St Petersburg.

Painter, watercolourist. Urban landscapes, architectural views, still-lifes. Stage sets (?).

The son of a retired soldier employed as a custodian at the fine arts academy in St Petersburg, Alekseev trained there ...

Article

Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Born 1741; died 1795.

Painter, watercolourist, decorative artist. Religious subjects, landscapes with figures, scenes with figures. Murals, stage sets.

Araujo was above all a skilled painter of scenery. He managed the theatre in Lisbon's Bairo Alto. After entering the Third Franciscan Order's Convent of Jesus, he quickly realised he had mistaken his true vocation. Having made several paintings in the monastery, he abandoned monastic life and later married....

Article

Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Died 1787.

Painter, draughtsman. Stage sets.

A drawing for the royal household of Lisbon and some painted scenery for the theatres of the city are attributed to Azzolini.

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 3 August 1793, in Paris; died 10 June 1855, in Neuilly-sur-Seine.

Engraver, medallist, draughtsman. Coins, banknotes, postage stamps, seals.

Barre was apprenticed at the age of twelve to a carver, foundry worker and gilder. Four years later, he was drafted into the fire service in Paris, where he worked until ...

Article

Ismael Gutiérrez Pastor

(b ?Modena, c. 1725; d ?Venice, c. 1796).

Italian painter, stage designer and draughtsman, active in Spain. He is thought to have first studied under Raffaello Rinaldi (fl 1713–?1747), a local artist, and between 1747 and 1751 he was enrolled in the Fraglia Veneziana, where he met the most notable vedutisti. He painted vedute in Treviso and Brescia, and these views, engraved by Francisco Zucchi, were used to illustrate Baldassare Camillo Zamboni’s Memorie intorno alle pubbliche fabbriche (1778). In 1754 Battaglioli went to Madrid to work at the court of Ferdinand VI, where he painted theatre sets for the Reales Coliseos at the Palacio Real, Aranjuez, and at the Palacio Real, Madrid. He also worked for such patrons as the castrato Farinelli (1705–82), painting two vedute (1756; Madrid, Prado) depicting scenes at the royal court. Under Farinelli’s supervision he painted stage sets (1756; two in Madrid, Real Acad. S Fernando) for Pietro Metastasio’s opera ...

Article

W. Georg Rizzi

(Maria Nicolao)

(b Bologna, 1675; d Vienna, March 4, 1735).

Italian architect, decorative artist, stage designer and painter, active also in Austria. He trained as a quadratura painter in Bologna, where he was a pupil of Giovanni Gioseffo dal Sole. He was recorded as working as a figure and quadratura painter in Vienna for Prince Montecuccoli in 1695, and shortly afterwards for Count Heřman Jakub Czernin in both Vienna and Prague. He soon became a project designer, when his responsibilities expanded to include architecture. Beduzzi’s first project was probably the design of furnishings for the summer sacristy of Melk Abbey Church (from 1701; see Melk Abbey, §2), which matched the European High Baroque style of the building. Later he designed furnishings and frescoes for the abbey church itself (1711–22) although, contrary to common belief, he did not design the high altar and doorway. He initially painted his frescoes himself, but later these were entrusted to his associates, as in the case of the pilgrimage church of Maria Taferl, near Melk, or to specialists employed by those commissioning the work. Beduzzi’s design for the illusionistic decoration of the church of St Peter (...

Article

Marc’alvise de Vierno

In 

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 18 August 1657, in Bologna; died 3 January 1743, in Bologna.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, architect. Architectural views, church interiors, harbour scenes. Church decoration, stage sets.

Son of Giovanni Maria Galli, Ferdinando Bibiena studied alongside his father under Carlo Cignani and went on to work for the architect Troili (known as Paradosso) and for Mannini and Aldrovandini. His mentor Cignani recommended him to Duke Ranuccio Farnese in Parma, who appointed him first painter and architect to his court. He remained there under the Duke's successor Francesco, dividing the next 24 years of his life between Parma and Piacenza. His work includes the decoration of the Duke of Mirandola's Casino della Motta (in collaboration with his brother Francesco); two chapels in the Jesuit church in Reggio; a chapel in Parma, together with the façade and a chamber in the ducal palace; a chapel in the Palazzo Maggiore; and the Cappella Maggiore in the church of S Sepolcro. In Piacenza, he painted the oratory ceiling in the church of S Vincenzo, scenes for the convent of S Sisto, and cupolas for the Chiesa della Morte....

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 5 January 1696, in Parma; died 1756, in Berlin.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), decorative designer, architect. Architectural views, interiors. Stage sets, church decoration, theatre decoration.

Second son and pupil of Ferdinando Bibiena, Giuseppe Bibiena accompanied his father to Barcelona and on his appointment to the court of Vienna in ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1692, in Bologna; died 1776.

Painter, decorative designer, fresco artist, draughtsman, sculptor. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, figures, landscapes with figures. Stage sets, church decoration.

The year of Vittorio Bigari's death is questioned by some sources cited by Moser, which contend that he lived and worked in Russia until ...

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 1705, in Rouen; died 1774, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver (burin). Genre scenes, landscapes with figures, architectural views, ruins. Stage sets.

Blondel lived in Amsterdam, and painted models of stage sets for the theatre in Amsterdam, which appeared at a sale in Amsterdam in ...

Article

Alfonso Rodríguez Ceballos

[Santiago]

(b Piacenza, 1705; d Madrid, 18 or Sept 20, 1759).

Italian architect, painter, urban planner and stage designer, active in Spain. He was a pupil in Piacenza of the painters Bartolomeo Rusca (1680–1745), Andrea Galluzzi (fl 1700–1743) and Giovanni Battista Galluzzi (fl c. 1730–40). In 1728 he was one of a number of artists summoned to Spain by the Marchese Annibale Scotti to assist with the construction of royal projects that were already under way and to introduce an Italian influence in place of the French style that had been introduced by the Bourbon kings. He worked at the Aranjuez Palace with the French engineer Léandre Brachelieu (fl c. 1733–9) and then in 1735 became Director of Royal Works of Decoration. He specialized in quadratura painting and, in addition to his work at Aranjuez, where his fresco vault decorations provided fictive trompe l’oeil architectural settings for mythological figures executed by Rusca and ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1717; died 1814.

Decorative designer, draughtsman. Stage costumes.

He started working for the Paris Opéra in 1748 and became the official costume designer for court festivals, entertainments and ceremonies in 1764.

Paris, 10 Nov 1988: Shepherdess Costume for an Opera...

Article

Irish, 18th century, male.

Active in Dublin.

Born c. 1728, in Cork; died 1764.

Painter. Landscapes, landscapes with figures. Stage sets.

John Butts painted landscapes in the manner of Claude Lorraine.

London (Tate Collection): Poachers: View in the Dargle (c. 1760, oil on canvas...

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Baptised 19 November 1724 in Amsterdam; died 7 April 1801.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, watercolourist, illustrator. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes. Stage sets.

Jacobus Buys studied under Cornelis Pronck and Cornelis Troost. He painted portraits, historical pictures, theatre scenery and vignettes for books, as well as imitating the grisailles of Jakob de Wit....

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Active in Dublin, then in London.

Born 1730, in Dublin; died 1791.

Painter. Landscapes, seascapes. Stage sets.

Robert Carver studied first with his father Richard Carver and then with Robert West at the Dublin Society School. He was elected director of the Free Society of Artists in ...

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Painter, decorative artist. Stage sets.

Caspari worked at the court of the Elector of Bavaria in Munich in 1770.

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Active in Dresden.

Born 1741, in Dresden.

Painter. Landscapes. Frescoes, stage sets.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Painter.

Active in Messina, where he created many theatrical stage settings.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Painter. Stage sets.

Grandson of Roberto Clerici the Elder, with whom he is often confused. He is probably the son of Giovanni Leonardo Clarici. He travelled to Vienna in 1711, returning to Italy the following year, and working for two years in Naples at the Teatro di Corte and the Teatro di S. Bartolomeo....