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Article

Persian School, 14th – 15th century, male.

Active at the end of the 14th and at the beginning of the 15th century.

Painter.

Abd al Havy was a pupil of Shams al Din. In 1393, Tamburlaine (Timur) took him to Samarkand, where it is believed that he ran the city’s artistic workshops. No work has been attributed to him with any certainty....

Article

Persian School, 16th century, male.

Active at the end of the 16th century.

Born to a family originally from Shiraz.

Painter, draughtsman.

Abdous Samad worked at the Persian court and while there was chosen by the Mogul Emperor Humayun to teach drawing both to himself and to his son Akbar, the heir to the throne. He took over from Mir Sayid Ali and completed the illumination of the poet Amir-Hamzah, who recounted the adventures of the uncle of Mohammed. He ended his days as head of the royal treasury....

Article

Persian School, 14th century, male.

Painter.

Ahmad Mousa worked as an artist between 1317 and 1335, and is considered to be the founder of classical Persian painting. There are a number of manuscripts preserved in Istanbul featuring paintings attributed to him.

Article

Persian School, 13th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 13th century.

Born probably, in Wasit.

Painter.

Yahya ibn Mahmud al-Wasiti was a painter and calligrapher. He provided illustrations for a manuscript of al-Hariri’s Assemblies ( Maqamat) dated 1237 and now in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. The stylistic discrepancies between the different miniatures that appear in this manuscript make it difficult to discern the originality of al-Wasiti....

Article

Persian School, 16th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 16th century.

Painter, calligrapher.

As is the case for the painter Bizhad, we have an unusual amount of information about the career of this painter who worked at the court of the Safavid ruler Shah Tahmasp I. He contributed to the Shah’s great ...

Article

Persian School, 16th century, male.

Born in the 16th century, in Esfahan.

Painter, calligrapher.

This artist was ordered in 1575 by Shah Tahmasp to copy a Qu’ran intended as a gift for Sultan Mourah III. He was part of a mission to China, during which he made notes on everything interesting that he observed....

Article

Turkish, 16th century, male.

Painter.

Haidar Bey worked at the court of Selim I and Suleiman I, where he enjoyed something of a reputation. He painted portraits in the European style of Clouet and other artists.

Paris (BNF): Portrait of Selim I (attributed)...

Article

Junayd  

Persian School, 14th century, male.

Active at the end of the 14th century.

Born probably in Baghdad.

Painter.

Junayd has been identified as the painter whose signature Imperial Painter appears on the miniatures of the Diwan of Khwaju Kirmani (1396), in the British Museum. These miniatures are elegantly designed, combining brilliant colours with an idealised landscape and characters which reappear repeatedly over the course of the following centuries....

Article

Persian, 16th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 16th century.

Born in Sultaniyah.

Painter, miniaturist.

Persian School.

Mir Musavvir worked on the decoration of a pavilion built for the Persian prince Bahram Mirza. He is thought to have worked on several miniatures for the great ...

Article

Mirak  

Persian School, 15th century, male.

Died 1507.

Painter, calligrapher, illuminator, engraver. Miniatures.

Mirak was the master of Bihzad, the most famous Persian painter of miniatures. Little else is known of his life or works, except that he practised martial arts and was probably responsible for some of the miniature paintings in the luxury illuminated copy of the poet Nizami’s ...

Article

Persian School (Herât), 16th century, male.

Active at the end of the 16th century.

Painter.

Little is known about Musavvir Muhammadi’s life. He painted genre scenes and portraits but illustrated few manuscripts. An assured draughtsman, he was one of the first artists who sought true realism, not only in his portraits but through scenes of everyday life. A signed and dated ink drawing, conserved in the Louvre, evokes rural life with a shepherd playing a pipe in a nomadic campsite, and a worker with a pair of zebus and a lumberjack. Muhammadi is likely to have been a early proponent of the realist movement that characterised 17th century Persian art....

Article

Nigari  

Turkish, 16th century, male.

Painter.

Nigari is known for his Portrait of Admiral Barbaros Hayrettin, who was appointed admiral-in-chief of the Ottoman navy by Süleyman the Magnificent in 1534.

Article

Persian School, 14th century, male.

Painter.

Ustadh Shams al-Din was active in the second half of the 14th century. He was the student of Ahmad Mousa and the master of Abd al-Havy and Junayd. A number of other painters also bear the name Shams al-Din. Although nothing remains of his art, he was undoubtedly one of the most important Persian painters of his era. It is known that he illustrated a famous ...

Article

Persian School, 16th century, male.

Active at the end of the 16th century.

Painter.

Sultan-Muhammad was responsible for the miniature The Court of Gayumars, the most dazzling painting in the Book of Kings ( Shah-Nama) produced between 1525 and 1535 for the Safavid ruler Shah Tahmasp. The painting shows Gayumars, the legendary first Shah of Iran, amidst his family and retinue in a dreamy landscape. Richly detailed and in glorious colour, including gold leaf, it was already recognised as an extraordinary achievement in its own time....

Article

Turkish, 16th century, male.

Painter, illuminator.