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Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Born 14 February 1404, in Genoa, illegitimate son of a noble Florentine banking family (in exile at the time of his birth); died 1472.

Architect, theorist, painter, sculptor.

Leon Battista Alberti was a leading scholar and architect of the fifteenth century. After receiving his doctorate in canon and civil law from Bologna University in ...

Article

Spanish, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1425 or 1430, in Cordova; died soon after 1498.

Painter. Religious subjects.

At present nothing is known about the Bartolomé Bermejo's life before around 1467; however, art historians have built up theories based on what is known of his later years. There are two salient features of the known part of his life: he travelled a great deal, so was international in outlook, and he was acquainted with Flemish technique and Italian painting. It is therefore tempting to think he must have travelled when he was younger. It has been suggested that he went to Valencia, Seville, Flanders and Italy. The presence of some of his works in Italy, in particular the ...

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Painter.

Early art historians attribute the frescoes decorating the vault of Cremona Cathedral to Polidoro Casella and Francesco Somenzo.

Article

Douglass Shand-Tucci

American architect and writer. Cram was the leading Gothic Revival architect in North America in the first half of the 20th century, at the head of an informal school known as the Boston Gothicists, who transformed American church design.

In 1881 Cram was apprenticed to the firm of ...

Article

German carpenter and copyist. He made a craftsman’s copybook (Cologne, Hist. Archv, Hs. Wfo. 276*) that reproduced important verbal and graphic evidence on particular design techniques of Late Gothic master masons in Germany. He included a few biographical details, such as variant spellings of his name and the fact that he was known in his home town of Andernach as Jacob Keul. On one page of architectural drawings he wrote, ‘Drawn in Vienna in the year ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1400, in Florence; died after 1465, in Rome.

Sculptor, architect, theorist.

Filarete trained with Lorenzo Ghiberti. On the basis of his experience working on the bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery in Ghiberti’s workshop, he was summoned to Rome by Pope Eugenius IV to sculpt and cast the bronze doors of the Old St Peter’s Basilica in ...

Article

Alice Dugdale

Italian architect and theorist. He began his training in 1732 with the architect Martino Buoncore, whose style he later dismissed as ‘Gothic’. However, Buoncore had a good architectural library, in which Gioffredo studied the writings of Palladio, Vitruvius and Vincenzo Scamozzi. During the same period he studied with the painter ...

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Active in Valladolid.

Painter.

In 1594 Gregorio Martínez gilded the high altar of Burgos Cathedral. The art historian Cean Bermudez refers to Virgin with Saints, a small painting on copper, signed by Martínez. He may be the same person as Martínez y Espinosa....

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Painter, illuminator.

Toledo School.

Juan Martínez de los Corrales was named after his profession as an illuminator of choir books. In 1583 he worked on a missal in Toledo Cathedral. The art historian Cean Bermudez describes him as follows: 'Juan Martínez de los Corrales, painter or illuminator, as miniaturists on parchment are called, priest of Toledo, very skilled in this type of painting. In ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Activec.1415.

Painter. Historical subjects.

The Master of Montefloscoli was identified by the art historian Richard Offner in 1933, after a polyptych in the church of S Maria in Montefloscoli which is similar to the Virgin and Child with Six Saints...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Painter.

The Master of the Johnson Nativity was identified by the art historian Federico Zeri. He was named after the John G. Johnson collection in Philadelphia's Museum of Art. This artist is considered to be a successor to the Florentine painter Bicci di Lorenzo....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Florentine School.

The Master of the Sherman Predella was active in Florence between 1420 and 1440. He was named by the art historian J. Pope-Hennessy in 1929, after the gift of a predella to Boston museum by Mr Sherman. R. Longhi described him as a contemporary of Masolino, and attributed several more works to this artist....

Article

Spanish, 15th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

The art historian Chandler Rathfon Post identified two works by an unknown Aragonese artist in the church in Torralba de Ribota. One was a retable with 16 paintings illustrating the Life of St Felix, parts of which can be seen in the church sacristy. A second retable illustrates the ...

Article

Teresa S. Watts

Swiss architect, painter, draughtsman and writer. He served as an engineer in the French army (1748–54) and drew Gothic monuments in Spain (1748) and copied ancient vases and painted idyllic landscapes in Rome (1749–54). He then stayed from 1755 to 1759...

Article

Otelin  

French, 15th century, male.

Born 15th century, in Valenciennes.

Painter.

Otelin was a highly reputed painter, believed to be the first artist of stature to work out of Valenciennes. Certain art historians credit him with three compositions now in the museum in Valenciennes: Citizens of Valenciennes Intent on Demolishing Two Houses at Bruay and Fresnes, 25 April 1456...

Article

French, 15th – 16th century, male.

Active in Limoges.

Born c. 1470; died 1542 or 1543.

Enameller.

Art historian Maurice Ardant places this artist's date of birth as 1470 at the latest. His name features on a property deed in favour of the Brotherhood of the Needy in 1495, and an enamel by him in the Musée de Cluny is dated to 1503. In 1511 he was appointed as a census-taker and registrar for local elections and in 1513 he was himself elected to the post of consul. His name appears on a number of property deeds in respect of his house in Limoges; these are dated 1535, 1537 and 1539. Léonard/Nardon Penicaud appears to have worked in two distinct styles: in the first, he is firmly in the tradition of 15th century French Gothic art, whereas later he exhibits pronounced Italian influences. The Louvre houses eight items loosely attributed to Nardon Penicaud; De Laborde identifies one monogram as that of Léonard Penicaud the Elder, though Maurice Ardant, who studied Limousin enamel artists in great detail and depth, attributes the item in question to Pierre Viger (also known as Calet), the husband of Valérie Limousin, an artist known to have been active in 1528 and in 1535. Another item in the Louvre collection bears the generic monogram of the Penicaud family, while another still is generally attributed to Jean Penicaud, although there is no consensus on which of the various artists known as Jean Penicaud....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Born in Modena; died 1486, in Milan.

Miniaturist.

Lombard School.

Cristoforo de Predis is believed to have been the father of Ambrogio de Predis. Art historians generally attribute him to the Milan School. He is credited with a miniature on parchment preserved in the Wallace Collection in London and entitled ...

Article

Michael J. Lewis

German architect, writer, and politician. He was Germany’s foremost Gothic Revival theorist and publicist and a crucial figure in the completion of Cologne Cathedral. A jurist, parliamentarian, and founding member of the Catholic-oriented Zentrumspartei, he defended the interests of his native Rhineland in a political career that stretched from the ...

Article

Italian critic, art historian, architect, and teacher. He was one of the most important writers in mid-19th-century Italy on Gothic art and architecture—an interest stimulated by his support for the Catholic Revival and manifested in his Gothic Revival architectural designs.

He belonged to a noble family awarded the title of marchese by the House of Este princes in Modena, with permission to add Estense to the name Selvatico. He enrolled in the Faculty of Jurisprudence in the University of Padua, mainly to satisfy his family, but he never took his degree. Instead he began to study the history of art and culture with the Abbot ...

Article

Jan Białostocki

[Ger.: ‘special Gothic’]. Term first used by some German art historians to describe Late Gothic German art, mostly architecture. In 1913 the German art historian Kurt Gerstenberg published Deutsche Sondergotik, in which he considered the Late Gothic style in architecture as the German version of Gothic. In his concept this German ‘special’ Gothic was chiefly characterized by the widespread use of the ...