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Article

Amandus  

9th century, male.

Miniaturist.

Identified in the dedication to the Vivian Bible (now preserved in Paris) as a co-illustrator along with Sigvaldus and Aregarius.

Article

Béla Zsolt Szakács

Luxuriously illustrated hagiographical picture book from the 14th century. The codex is fragmented; the biggest part is preserved in the Vatican (Rome, Vatican, Bib. Apostolica, Vat. Lat. 8541, 106 fols),while single pages are kept in St Petersburg (Hermitage, 16930–16934), Berkeley (U. CA, Bancroft Lib., f2MSA2M21300–37), New York (Met., 1994.516) and Paris (Louvre, RF 29940), and 85 miniatures are in the Morgan Library, New York (M.360.1–26).

Presently 549 miniatures of the original of more than 700 are known on 142 folios. The manuscript consists of pictures exclusively, without the full texts of the legends; one-line tituli are written in rubrics beside the images. The 58 existing cycles depict the life of Christ, the Death of the Virgin, and the legends of John the Baptist, the apostles, martyrs, confessors, virgins and holy women in hierarchical order. The narrative follows the Legenda aurea or Golden Legend of Jacopo da Voragine and, in the cases of Eastern and Central European saints (Gerhard of Csanád, Ladislas, Emeric, Stanislas), other local legends, creating an extraordinarily rich iconographic treasury. The longest cycle is dedicated to James the Greater, originally with 72 scenes; other legends consist of between 2 and 24 scenes. The selection of saints points to a commission from the Hungarian Angevin court. Its style, typical of the second quarter of the 14th century, is closest to Bolognese manuscripts but with unique features, and as such Hungary has also been proposed as the place of execution....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Miniaturist.

Arigoni was Venetian. He executed a geographical map in miniature signed: Nova charta marina fo facta da mi fra Bono Arigoni Venexia MCCCCCXI. His preferred subjects were boats and animals. There is also a portrait by him of a Monk Holding a Book...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Pienza.

Miniaturist.

In 1462 he was commissioned by Pope Pius II to paint a geographical map of the world.

Article

Italian, 14th – 15th century, male.

Born at the end of the 14th century, in Milan; died c. 1470.

Painter, fresco artist. History painting, religious subjects.

Few biographical details are known of this artist. The Church of San Angelo possesses a Pietà, dated 1418, and a ...

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Painters.

These calligraphic painters were active in Nuremberg.

Article

French, 14th century, male.

Active in Parisc.1350.

Painter.

Jean Coste was sergeant to King Jean the Good, who commissioned him to decorate his chateau of Vandreuil. Although nothing of this work remains, we know its iconographical programme: scenes from the life of Caesar in the gallery; ...

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Born possibly c. 1500, in Kreuznach (Rhineland-Palatinate); died c. 1553, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, draughtsman. Portraits, landscapes. Cards.

Conrad Faber was known for his topographical drawings until the discovery in 1909 of his numerous and fine portraits of members of the Holzhaus family and others of the most prominent families in Frankfurt. They are painted on wood and signed with the monogram ...

Article

(b ?Andernach; fl 1590s; d before 1598).

German carpenter and copyist. He made a craftsman’s copybook (Cologne, Hist. Archv, Hs. Wfo. 276*) that reproduced important verbal and graphic evidence on particular design techniques of Late Gothic master masons in Germany. He included a few biographical details, such as variant spellings of his name and the fact that he was known in his home town of Andernach as Jacob Keul. On one page of architectural drawings he wrote, ‘Drawn in Vienna in the year 1593’, and on another, ‘Drawn in Breslau in Silesia in 1593’. By 1596 he had returned to Andernach and inscribed one of his drawings accordingly. The Andernach archives have revealed that he was the son of Jacob Keul, who may also have been a carpenter. In 1596 the younger Jacob Keul was paid from the accounts of the Watch and Artillery Master for working with several other carpenters at the ‘stone lodge on the Rhine’ (Koblenz, Landeshauptarchv, MS. 612. III. H. 4, fasc. 5, p. 215). In ...

Article

Chinese, 10th – 11th century, male.

Activec.990-1030.

Born towards the middle of the 10th century, in Huayuan, now Yaoxian (Shanxi).

Painter. Landscapes.

Fan Kuan’s biographical details are not well known. He was a landscape painter from northern China. It appears that he did not hold any official position and, after a peripatetic youth, he retreated into the mountain range of Mount Hua to devote himself to Daoism and the contemplation of nature. His work conveys the austere grandeur of the Shanxi mountains. Indeed, it represents the apogee of Chinese landscape painting and is among the most sublime in its entire history....

Article

Douglass Shand-Tucci

(Grosvenor)

(b Pomfret, CT, April 28, 1869; d New York, April 23, 1924).

American architect and illustrator. In 1892–1913 he worked in partnership with Ralph Adams Cram, designing a remarkable series of Gothic Revival churches. His later work, in a variety of styles, culminated in the Nebraska State Capitol, a strikingly original design.

In 1884 Goodhue moved to New York, where he entered the office of Renwick, Aspinwall & Russell as an office boy. In 1891 he won a competition to design a proposed cathedral in Dallas but joined the office of Cram & Wentworth in Boston as chief draughtsman and informal partner. The following year Goodhue became a full partner in Cram, Wentworth & Goodhue, which, after the death of Charles Wentworth (1861–97) and his replacement by Frank Ferguson (1861–1926), became in 1898 Cram, Goodhue & Ferguson.

Before Goodhue’s arrival, Cram & Wentworth had already begun work on All Saints at Ashmont, Boston, their first major work. The final design clearly derives from their earlier proposal of ...

Article

Flemish, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1435; died c. 1480.

Painter.

Juste de Gand's biographical dates are unrecorded, as is his birthplace and where he died. However, he is known to have been a master in Antwerp in 1460, and to have entered the guild in Ghent in ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active in Rome from 1585 to 1596.

Of Flemish origin.

Painter.

Pietro Oldrado painted six topographical landscapes for the Vatican.

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1520; died 1604.

Engraver, draughtsman, art writer.

Girolamo Porro was a pupil of Parma's Enea Vico and worked as an illustrator of several publications, including one superbly illustrated work published in 1586 in Venice by Camillo Camilli.

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born to a family originally from Messina, Sicily.

Illuminator. Maps.

Between 1521 and 1528, Giacomo Russo produced two painted maps, now in the Biblioteca Estense in Modena, and a decorated topographical map of the Mediterranean, now in Birmingham Museum.

Birmingham: map of the Mediterranean...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Verona from 1473 to 1492.

Born c. 1444.

Painter.

Giacomo Sacchetti was the brother of Francesco Sacchetti. He drew geographical maps and reliefs.

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Born 1374 or 1375, in Verona; died 1450 or 1451, in Verona.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects.

Veronese School.

There is very little reliable biographical information about Stefano di Giovanni da Verona da Zevio. However, he is thought to have been the son of Jean d'Arbois, a painter at the court of Philip the Bold. He is believed to have worked with Lombardy miniaturists, notably under the direction of Michelino da Besozzo, with whom he is sometimes confused. He is known for his ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Born 1435, in Florence; died 7 October 1488, in Venice.

Painter, sculptor, goldsmith, musician. Religious subjects, historical figures. Equestrian statues.

Florentine School.

Andrea Verrocchio's biographical details are not really known, but his works are proof of the important place he occupies in the history of art. It is known that he was born in Florence in ...