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Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1862, in Gijón (Asturias); died 1920, in Madrid.

Painter, illustrator. History painting, portraits, landscapes, seascapes.

Juan Martínez Abades studied at the Escuela Especial de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado (school of painting, sculpture and engraving) in Madrid. While he was there he also took lessons from José Grajera. The award of a grant in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 23 June 1847, in New York; died 1917.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtswoman, illustrator. Landscapes, flowers.

Agnes Abatt studied art at the Cooper Institute and the International Academy of Art in New York, and later received advice from R. Swain Gifford and James D. Smilie....

Article

(Edward)

(b Alfred, ME, July 17, 1883; d San Francisco, Nov 11, 1973).

American photographer. Self-taught, Abbe started to produce photographs at the age of 12. From 1898 to 1910 he worked in his father’s bookshop and then worked as a reporter for the Washington Post, travelling to Europe in 1910. Having earlier produced photographs of ships and sailors for tourist cards, from 1913 to 1917 he worked as a freelance photojournalist in Virginia. In 1917 he set up a studio in New York, where he produced the first photographic cover for the Saturday Evening Post as well as photographs for Ladies Home Journal, the New York Times and other publications. From 1922 to 1923 he worked as a stills photographer, actor and writer for film studios. Though this was mainly for Mack Sennett in Hollywood, he also worked for D. W. Griffiths as a stills photographer on Way Down East (1920) and accompanied Lilian Gish to Italy to provide stills for Griffiths’s ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 30 October 1858, in Étampes; died 1927, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, draughtswoman, illustrator. Allegorical subjects, genre scenes, portraits, interiors, flowers. Decorative panels.

Abbéma was a pupil of Chaplin, Henner and Carolus-Duran. Until 1926, she exhibited regularly at the Salon des Artistes Français, gaining an honourable commendation in 1881 and a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1900. She was made a Chévalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1906....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 April 1852, in Philadelphia; died 1911, in London.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink), pastellist, illustrator. Historical subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, figures.

Edwin Austin Abbey's apprenticeship consisted of making drawings for a wood engraver before studying at the Pennsylvania Academy in Philadelphia and starting work as an illustrator. The drawings he supplied for ...

Article

Pamela H. Simpson

(b Philadelphia, PA, April 1, 1852; d London, Aug 1, 1911).

American painter, illustrator, and muralist, active also in England. Abbey began his art studies at the age of 14 in his native Philadelphia where he worked with Isaac L. Williams (1817–95). Two years later he enrolled in night classes at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art working under Christian Schussele (1824–1979), but by then Abbey was already a published illustrator. In the 1870s his drawings appeared in numerous publications, but it was his work for Harper & Brothers that proved most important to his career. In 1871 he moved to New York, and in 1878, Harper’s sent him on a research trip to England. He found such affinity with the country that he made it his home for the rest of his life. After 1889 he devoted more time to painting, was elected a Royal Academician in 1898, and in 1902 was chosen by Edward VII (...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Mechanicsville; died 1953.

Painter (gouache), illustrator. Genre scenes.

New York, 3 June 1982: Archery Lesson (gouache, 11 × 9½ ins/28 × 24.2 cm) USD 850

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1873, in La Varenne-St-Hilaire.

Draughtsman, humorist, poster artist, illustrator.

Jack Abeillé collaborated on many newspapers and publications. He participated in collective exhibitions dedicated to humorous art, both in France and abroad. Most notably, he was one of the illustrators of ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 26 August 1882, in Berlin; died 4 July 1939, in Berlin.

Draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist, caricaturist.

Symbolism, Jugendstil.

Hermann Abeking was still very much influenced by the Jugendstil, and particularly by Aubrey Beardsley and Jan Toorop. He worked on several German magazines, including the ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in New York in 1903.

Illustrator.

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1892 to 1914.

Born in Dundee, Scotland.

Painter, illustrator. Portraits, genre scenes.

Sydney Adamson worked as an illustrator for the main London and New York periodicals. From 1899-1900, he accompanied the American troops to the Philippines and to China for ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 March 1839, in Paris; died 5 February 1937, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, still-lifes.

Adan was a pupil of François Picot and Alexandre Cabanel at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He exhibited at all the Salons from 1863 until 1937. His submissions earned him several medals, including a third medal in 1875, a second in 1882 and the gold medal in 1889. He was made a Chévalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1892 and formed part of the jury of the Salon and of the committee of the Salon des Artistes Français in 1900. He was awarded the Prix Bonnat in 1931....

Article

Swedish, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 6 December 1855, in Karlskrona; died 1936.

Draughtswoman, illustrator.

Eva Ottilia Adelborg studied at the academy of fine art in Stockholm from 1878 to 1884. She illustrated many children's books, including The Princes' Flower Alphabet, Clean Peter and the Children of Grubby-lea...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 30 May 1855, in Bordeaux; died 12 November 1933, in Caudéran (Bordeaux).

Painter, illustrator. Architectural views.

Daniel Alaux was the grandson of Jean-Paul Alaux, otherwise known as Gentil. He studied under Pierre Victor Galland, and later Léon Bonnat at the École des Beaux-Arts de Paris ...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 April 1870, in Madrid.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Genre scenes, figures, portraits.

Fernando Alberti y Barcelo was educated at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid. In 1892, he began exhibiting at the Madrid Exhibitions. He also exhibited in Munich in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 January 1868, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Henri Alberti studied under Doucet, J. Lefebvre and Luc-Olivier Merson. He first exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1894, and showed work there until 1920...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Vernon.

Miniaturist, illuminator.

Adolphe Alcan was one of the most active members of the Société des Miniaturistes et Enlumineurs de France (society of miniaturists and illuminators of France). He illuminated missals, and also a lace fan.

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1870, in Zurich; died 1933.

Painter, illustrator. Landscapes.

Émile Alder exhibited often in the annual Salons in Paris, in the Salon des Indépendants from 1907 onwards and at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts between 1927 and 1932. He most notably painted Swiss landscapes. He illustrated ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 April 1870, in Slough; died 6 January 1935.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), pastellist, illustrator. Sporting subjects, genre scenes, hunting scenes, animals, landscapes. Posters, decorative schemes.

Cecil Aldin studied anatomy and animal painting with the animal painter William Frank Calderon at Kensington Art School. His watercolour drawings, with their sure touch and pure colours, brought him to fame. He also wrote and illustrated many children's books, such as ...

Article

Roman Prahl

(b Mirotice, nr Písek, Nov 18, 1852; d Prague, July 10, 1913).

Czech painter, illustrator and designer. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague under Josef Mathias von Trenkwald (1824–97) and Jan Swerts (1820–79), and he rarely travelled, except to Vienna in 1873 and Italy in 1877. He was one of the leading Bohemian artists of the so-called Generation of the National Theatre. The décor of this theatre, opened in 1881 and again after a fire in 1883, marked a national artistic rebirth. Aleš, together with František Ženíšek, had won the competition in 1877 to decorate the walls, lunettes and ceilings of the theatre foyer. Aleš’s cycle My Country, designed for the lunettes, is one of the most famous Czech works of art.

In the late 1870s Aleš emerged as a draughtsman and painter with a rich imagination. He outlined many cycles to be finished later and he studied heraldry, which contributed to the development of his original ornamental style. He applied this style for the first time on painted furniture, as in ...