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Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1763, in Exeter; died 1851.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, natural history (animals/insects).

John White Abbott took up painting initially as a hobby but became well known for his landscapes with animals and human figures. He was particularly influenced by the lesser Dutch masters, notably Peter de Laes. His work sufficiently impressed contemporaries such as Sir Joshua Reynolds and Benjamin West that they urged him to exhibit at the Royal Academy, and he submitted work to the Academy between ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1785; died 8 April 1851.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Portraits, genre scenes, hunting scenes (hunting with hounds), sporting subjects.

Henry Alken showed two portraits at London's Royal Academy in 1801 and 1802. Alken was first and foremost a painter of hunting and sporting subjects. In ...

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1775, in New York; died 17 January 1870, in New Jersey.

Engraver, draughtsman, illustrator.

Alexander Anderson, the son of a Scotsman, was the first person to practise wood engraving in the USA. He first studied medicine and qualified as a doctor in ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1752; died 1821.

Engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Portraits, architectural views, topographical views.

William Angus studied under William Walker and went on to produce a large number of well-executed and pleasing prints of manor houses and family seats in England and Wales. Angus worked as an illustrator and was retained by various topographical publishers of the day. He engraved from his own drawings but also from originals by Shothard, Paul Sandby, Edward Daynes, George Samuel and other leading artists. He is remembered for a series of plates for ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Died c. 1817, in London.

Draughtsman, engraver (burin), illustrator.

Van Assen worked in England at the end of the 18th century and in the early years of the 19th. He exhibited occasionally at the Royal Academy between 1788 and 1804...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1700, in Paris, in 1704 according to some sources; died 1757, in Paris.

Engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Michel Aubert was a skilful engraver of portraits, and specialised in this genre, as well as in historical and mythological compositions. He engraved after Watteau: ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Paris.

Engraver (burin), draughtsman, illustrator.

In 1789, Jean Aubry illustrated a publication entitled: Botany Course for Children by S. A., duke of Orléans ( Le Cours de Botanique pour servir à l'Éducation des enfants de S. A. le duc d'Orléans...

Article

Dutch, 17th – 18th century, male.

Died 18 May 1727, in Sweden.

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

Aveele lived first in Leiden. After the death of Willem Swidde he was summoned to Sweden (1698) to work on the major publication Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna (Ancient and Modern Sweden); this was completed in ...

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Engraver (etching), draughtsman, illustrator.

John Bailey was self-taught but went on to gain fame for his etchings for Hutchinson's Histories of Northumberland and Durham (1781-1784) and Culley's Observations of Life. He is thought to have beeen the author of a decorated book-plate (for Geo. Allan), signed: ...

Article

(b Emden, East Frisia [now Germany], Dec 28, 1630; d Amsterdam, 6–7 Nov, bur Nov 12, 1708).

Dutch painter, draughtsman, calligrapher and printmaker of German origin. He was the son of Gerhard Backhusz. (Backhusen) of Emden, and he trained as a clerk in his native town. Shortly before 1650 he joined the Bartolotti trading house in Amsterdam, where his fine handwriting attracted attention. He practised calligraphy throughout his life (examples in Amsterdam, Rijksmus.; Dresden, Kupferstichkab.; London, BM). During his early years in Amsterdam he also displayed his skilled use of the pen in drawings, mainly marine scenes, done in black ink on prepared canvas, panel or parchment. He probably derived this technique and subject-matter from Willem van de Velde (ii) the elder’s pen drawings of the 1650s. Bakhuizen continued to produce pen drawings until the 1660s, some depicting recognizable ships and existing views, such as his Ships Leaving Amsterdam Harbour (Amsterdam, Kon. Coll. Zeemanschoop), others depicting unidentified locations, as in the View of a Dutch Waterway (Amsterdam, Ned. Hist. Scheepvaartsmus.)...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1754, in Norwich, baptised 5 June 1754; died 21 or 6 December 1828, in Hatfield, in very reduced circumstances.

Engraver (etching and stippling), illustrator, printmaker, draughtsman. Portraits, architecture, mythology, religious subjects.

The son of John Baldrey the Elder, John Baldrey the Younger entered the Royal Academy School to study engraving in ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Carpi.

Born 1682; died 1767.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, copyist. Religious subjects.

A skilled copyist who provided templates for two engravings on the theme of the Descent from the Cross by Giuseppe Benedetti of Bologna and Pietro da Belluno.

Article

(b Salzburg, May 1, 1753; d Prague, June 25, 1829).

Austrian painter, printmaker, draughtsman, illustrator and teacher, active in Bohemia. He was taught by his father, the sculptor and painter Josef Bergler the elder (1718–88), and, during his stay in Italy, by Martin Knoller in Milan and Anton von Maron in Rome. An accomplished portrait painter, he was employed as official painter by bishops and cardinals at Passau and painted a number of altarpieces in Austria and especially in Bohemia. He helped establish the Academy of Fine Arts, Prague (1800), which placed a new emphasis on draughtsmanship, composition and Classical subjects and models. As the first Director of the Academy, Bergler won new academic prestige for art in Bohemia and, for himself, a privileged position in obtaining commissions such as the Curtain at the Estates Theatre (sketches, 1803–4; Prague, N.G., Convent of St Agnes). He also published albums of engravings intended as models (Compositions and Sketches...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born August 1753, in Cherryburn, near Newcastle; died 8 November 1828, in Gateshead.

Engraver, illustrator, draughtsman. Natural history (birds/animals/fish).

Thomas Bewick, who reinstated the art of wood engraving in Britain, was first apprenticed to engraver Ralph Beilby and later became his associate and collaborator. Whilst still an apprentice he produced the plates for Charles Hutton's work ...

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 7 August 1763, in Winterthur (Zurich); died 10 April 1830, in Aüssersihl (Zurich).

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Battles, portraits, animals, landscapes, topographical views.

Johann Biedermann studied drawing with Johann Rudolf Schellenberg in Winterthur, then went to Bern, where he worked with Heinrich Rieter, copying the works of Berghem, Potter, Roos and Dujardin. With the spread of the French Revolution to Switzerland, Biedermann suffered serious reversals of fortune, but after having held a post in the administration, he was soon able to return to Zurich and to Winterthur, where he painted landscapes, portraits and battle scenes. He worked with Lory and Höferli in two topographical works depicting Switzerland and Russia. He taught in Basel around 1807 and in Constance around 1814, travelling on from there, through Zurich in 1827, to Stuttgart, Augsburg, Dresden and Munich....

Article

Dutch, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1756, in Amsterdam; died 1831, in Haarlem.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Landscapes. Frontispieces.

Willem Bilderdijk was the pupil of van Dregt. He engraved the frontispieces for his own books of poems and painted a number of landscapes. He was also a scientist....

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1744, in Paris; died 1800.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, engraver. History painting, genre scenes.

He was a pupil of Beauvarlet, and mainly concentrated on illustration.

His works, and particularly his drawings, are highly sought after. He provided illustrations for a number of books by Restif de la Bretonne, including ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 28 November 1757, in London, United Kingdom; died 12 August 1827, in London.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, poet. Religious subjects, figure compositions.

William Blake was the son of a draper. He showed a strong artistic tendency from an early age and, at the age of 10, started to study drawing at Henry Par’s Academy in the Strand. He learnt engraving under Ryland and was then apprenticed to James Basire. During his seven years with Basire (1772–1779), Blake was made to copy the sculptures of Westminster Abbey and of London’s old churches, thus stimulating his fascination with Gothic art. He studied briefly at the Royal Academy in 1779, where he made friends with Barry, Fuseli, Mortimer, Flaxman, and Stodhart. While there, his studies concentrated on Michelangelo....

Article

Irish, 18th century, male.

Born in the first half of the 18th century, in Ireland; died 20 November 1758, in Paris.

Draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures, figures.

Nicholas Blakey is remembered for his illustations of Hanway's book Travels in Persia and Russia (1753...

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 31 December 1758, in Zollikon, near Zurich; died 25 January 1823, in Feuerthalen.

Painter (gouache), illuminator, draughtsman, engraver. Landscapes.

In his youth, Johann Heinrich Bleuler learnt porcelain painting at the Kilchberg-Schooren works, but gave it up to devote his energies to an artistic career, studying under Heinrich Uster. He then worked for Matthäus Pfenninger in Zurich, producing topographical views of Switzerland. Around ...