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Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Parisc.1700.

Engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Baptiste Anthéaume made a set of furniture for embroiderers and upholsterers.

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in Italy.

Born 31 October 1957, in Bordeaux.

Architect, designer, draughtswoman. Furniture, rug design.

Martine Bedin was awarded a bursary to study architecture in Florence in 1978, and then graduated from the École d'Architecture in Paris. She began her formal research in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1873, in Munich; died 1933, in Bad Nauheim.

Tapestry maker, glassmaker, interior designer. Designs (furniture).

Jugendstil.

Karl Bertsch was a self-taught tapestry maker. In 1902, with Adelbert Niemeyer, he created a workshop making furniture and interior decoration items, which they called the Müncher Werkstätten für Wohnungseinrichtung. In ...

Article

Paul Huvenne

[Lancelot]

(b ?Poperinghe, 1488; d Bruges, bur March 4, 1581).

South Netherlandish painter, draughtsman, designer, architect, civil engineer, cartographer and engraver. He is said to have trained as a bricklayer, and the trowel he used to add as his housemark next to his monogram lab testifies to this and to his pretensions as an architectural designer. In 1519 he was registered as a master painter in the Bruges Guild of St Luke, where he chose as his speciality painting on canvas. The following year he collaborated with the little-known painter Willem Cornu in designing and executing 12 scenes for the Triumphal Entry of Emperor Charles V into Bruges. From then onwards Blondeel received regular commissions, mainly as a designer and organizer. Records of legal actions show that he was sometimes late with commissions; he took seven years to execute a Last Judgement ordered in 1540 for the council chamber at Blankenberge, and in 1545 the Guild of St Luke summoned him for his failure to supply their guild banner on time. Blondeel was married to Kathelyne, sister of the wood-carver ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 19 November 1889, in Verdun; died 25 June 1972.

Painter, draughtswoman, humorist artist, watercolourist, illustrator, designer. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes. Church decoration, furniture, frescoes, designs for tapestry, posters, costumes.

The third child of Edouard Branly, a doctor, Elisabeth Branly trained with Claire Chevalet, as well as with Jacques Cancaret at the Académie Julian until ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1957, in Lille.

Painter. Figure compositions. Designs for carpets, furniture, ceramics and objets d'art.

Marie Ducaté lives and works in Marseilles. Her paintings present male nudes, alone or with others, in interiors or paradisal landscapes. These works disconcert by placing men in poses that in classical iconography are normally associated with the female. They recline languidly within kitsch interiors, with every detail of furnishing meticulously delineated. The effect is consciously heightened by the fact that the scene may comprise elements borrowed from the history of art, such as a Cubist floor or some drapery in the style of the Renaissance. Since ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1889, in the Hautes-Pyrenées; died 28 January 1966, in Toulouse.

Painter, designer. Animals. Designs for carpets, designs (fabrics/ceramics/furniture).

Hélène Gasset-Housset exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants, the Salon d'Automne, the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs and the Salon des Femmes Peintres et Sculpteurs. She designed jewellery, carpets, fabrics, lacquer ware, ceramics, furniture and bindings. All her work is characterised by the richness of the materials used. Her major decorative pieces, often lacquer ware, are almost always based on animal themes....

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 May 1869, in Wachbach bei Mergentheim; died 1926, in Dresden.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects. Murals, designs (furniture, fabrics, carpets).

Jugendstil.

Otto Gussmann first attended classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Stuttgart, then at the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Berlin under Max Koch. After this, he entered the academy in Berlin, where he was supervised by Josef Scheurenberg. In ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Neustadt bei Leipzig; died 1947, in Erbach/Westerwald.

Painter, draughtsman, interior designer, graphic designer. Designs (furniture, fabrics, porcelain, precious metals, jewels).

Jugendstil.

Erich Kleinhempel first trained with Oskar Haebler in his graphics studio in Dresden, then entered the Kunstgewerbeschule in Dresden, where he studied ...

Article

German, 20th century, female.

Born 1875, in Leipzig; died 1948, in Althagen near Wustrow.

Illustrator, draughtswoman, decorative designer. Designs for fabrics, furniture and jewels.

Jugendstil.

Gertrud Kleinhempel studied drawing in Dresden, then in Munich, and made her debut in 1899 as an illustrator in Dresden. From ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, female.

Painter. Designs (glassware, furniture, fabrics, jewels, ceramics).

Antoinette Krasnik was a student of Kolo Moser at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Vienna. She settled in Italy in 1906. She supplied models of vases with abstract decoration.

Karlsruhe (Badisches Landesmus.): Pendant

Vienna (MAK, Österreichisches Mus. für angewandte Kunst)...

Article

German, 20th century, female.

Born 1877, in Pirna; died 1968, in Dresden.

Draughtswoman, fabric designer. Designs for carpets, designs (furniture/ceramics/fabrics/jewels).

Charlotte Krause was trained in drawing at Dresden and Munich. In the early 1900s, she was a member of the Dresdener Werkstätten für Handwerkskunst (Dresden Studios). The studios were a very important centre for the creation of decorative art and around the turn of the century they had a significant part to play in the flowering of artistic activity of which the Dresden region was the focus. She also belonged to the Deutsche Werkstätten in Hellerau, near Dresden. She went on to specialise in fabric creation. She lived with her sister Gertrud Krause, a goldsmith, at Hellerau. She exhibited her creations in Dresden. The shape of her objects is determined by functionalism, and the decoration is based on a geometric approach combined with floral decoration and sometimes with animal motifs. Her work, together with that of other artists, was rediscovered thanks to the important Jugendstil exhibition in Dresden in ...

Article

Chantal Gastinel-Coural

(b Seyssel-en-Bugey, Sept 23, 1723; d Lyon, Feb 23, 1804/5).

French silk designer, manufacturer, merchant and mechanical engineer. Little is known of his education and training before 1744. He was apparently a pupil of Pierre Sarrabat (b 1701), a painter and designer at the silk factory in Lyon. It is possible that Lasalle may have trained in Paris and may well have been in contact with the Savonnerie and Gobelins factories, where he could have acquired his penchant for depicting flowers. In July 1744 he began a five-year apprenticeship with Jean Mazamieu. He qualified as a master craftsman in August 1749 and then went into business on his own. His compositions were characterized by a spacious and well-balanced style, and his fabric designs, admired for their elegance and purity of form, were enlivened with birds, insects, small figures and landscapes. He rendered flowers to perfection, as seen in those he depicted as a frame for the woven portraits in which he specialized from ...

Article

Alan Powers

Stylistic term applied to the revival in the UK in the late 19th century and the 20th of the classical Georgian style of domestic architecture and interior and furniture design from the period 1714–1830. Similar, contemporary revivals of late 18th- and early 19th-century Georgian colonial styles also took place in such countries as the USA and Australia (see Colonial Revival). Neo-Georgian was one of the most popular architectural styles in the UK between 1900 and 1930; it continued to be employed despite the advent of Modernism, and in the 1980s a new phase of popularity began, stimulated by the anti-modernist, eclectic and pluralist trends of Post-modernism.

The origins of the Neo-Georgian style can be found in the 1860s. The house (1860–62; destr.) at 2 Palace Green, Kensington, London, designed for William Makepeace Thackeray by Frederick Hering (1800–69), who drew on Thackeray’s sketches, was an early, isolated example reflecting a literary interest in the 18th century. Another precursor is ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 15 April 1867, in Warburg (Westphalia); died 1932, in Munich.

Painter, draughtsman, interior designer. Genre scenes, landscapes. Designs for carpets, posters, designs (furniture, ceramic, wallpapers, fabrics).

Adelbert Niemeyer studied painting at the Kunstakademie, Düsseldorf, under Jansen, Kampt and Crola ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 23 May 1863, in Kilchberg, near Zurich; died 26 February 1927, in Munich.

Sculptor, painter, decorative designer. Monuments, designs (ceramic, furniture, fabrics, jewellery).

Hermann Obrist was the son of a Swiss doctor and a Scottish aristocrat. He studied medicine and botany at university in Heidelberg and Berlin. After travelling to England and Scotland, he trained as a ceramic designer at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Karlsruhe and under a craft potter in Thüringen, then studied art at the Académie Julian, Paris, before going to Florence in ...

Article

Austrian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 December 1867, in Troppau (now Opava in the Czech Republic); died 8 August 1908, in Düsseldorf.

Painter, architect, draughtsman, lithographer, decorative designer. Designs (objets d'art, furniture, decorative motifs, fabrics, jewellery, ceramic).

Vienna Secession, Wiener Werkstätte, Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1872; died 1940.

Glassmaker, draughtsman. Designs (furniture, lamps, fabrics, glassware, objets d'art).

Jugendstil.

Carl Georg von Reichenbach was first a pupil at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich then at the private school of Obrist and of Debschitz in Munich from 1905 to 1912...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 June 1868, in Munich; died 15 April 1957, in Munich.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer, designer, architect, interior designer. Genre scenes. Furniture, fabrics, ceramic, glassware, carpets, toys.

Richard Riemerschmid trained in painting at the Kunstakademie of Munich from 1888...