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Esna  

John Baines

[anc. Egyp. Ta-senet, Gr. Latopolis.]

Egyptian city c. 55 km south of Luxor on the Nile. Inhabited since ancient times, Esna remains important as the terminus of one of the main caravan routes between Egypt and the Sudan, and as a centre of textile production. The only ancient building to survive is part of the Greco-Roman Temple of Khnum, but Deir Manayus wa Shuhada (the ‘Monastery of the Martyrs’), a 4th-century ad Coptic foundation, lies 6 km to the south-west, and the Ottoman mosque of el-Amri in the town centre retains a brick-built minaret of the Fatimid period (ad 969–1171).

The Temple of Khnum, now reduced to its hypostyle hall, formed the core of a complex including a quay (in situ) and a processional approach (untraced); this was related to four further complexes (almost entirely lost) in the region. The earlier, inner part of the temple is represented by its front wall, which was incorporated into the hall and now forms its rear wall. It has carved relief decoration dating to the reigns of Ptolemy VI Philometor (...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 October 1853, in Old Alresford; died 21 December 1940, in South Gorley.

Engraver (etching), illustrator, textile designer, archaeologist. Scenes with figures.

George Heywood Maunoir Sumner trained as a lawyer but chose to pursue a career in art. He lived and worked in London, where he played an important role in the revival of wood engraving. He was a member of the Fitzroy Picture Society, through whom he published reproductions of his prints. He exhibited in London from ...