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Article

Marion Hagenmann-Bischoff

[Franciscus]

(b Brussels, c. ?1570–80).

Flemish goldsmith, draughtsman, sculptor, copper engraver and embosser, active in Germany . As a skilled goldsmith from Brussels, he is documented at Augsburg between 1598 and 1604, and from 1603 as a tax-paying citizen; before this he was probably living in Friedberg nearby. After he is recorded as paying taxes three years in advance, traces of Aspruck fade away in 1604. Since he was not accepted as a master craftsman by the Augsburg goldsmiths’ trade, he worked with them as a ‘free artist’. His skills included draughtsmanship, modelling and casting as well as copper engraving, which he also taught to goldsmith apprentices and journeymen. Aspruck’s drawings from 1597 to 1601 show an individual style influenced by Hendrick Goltzius and Bartholomäus Spranger, for example Venus and Amor (1598; Hamburg, Ksthalle). He also sketched for other engravers, as is known, first of all, from the surviving publishing production of the Antwerp engraver Dominicus Custos in Augsburg. In ...

Article

Flemish School, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1527 or 1529, in Mechelen; died 17 August 1612, in Innsbruck.

Sculptor, metal worker, architect.

A pupil of Conrad Meyt, until 1562 he was director of architectural works to Prince Otto Friedrich in Heidelberg. He worked on the low reliefs for the tomb of the Emperor Maximilian in Innsbruck until ...

Article

Antonio Manno

[Giovannantonio]

(b San Gimignano, 1533; d Naples, 1609).

Italian sculptor, architect, draughtsman, antiquarian, engineer and decorator. He began his career as a goldsmith and engraver. He arrived in Rome in 1548 and the next year entered the workshop of the sculptor and architect Raffaele da Montelupo, where he worked mostly on wall decorations for mausoleums. Around this time he carved a statue of Hope for the tomb of Giulio del Vecchio in SS Apostoli, Rome. Between 1552 and 1564 he was in close contact with Michelangelo, and he may have participated with Guglielmo della Porta in the reconstruction of S Silvestro al Quirinale, Rome. Della Porta and Dosio associated with the artistic circle around the Carafa family, for whom they may have planned a chapel. In 1561 Dosio was working as a sculptor and stuccoist for the patrician Torquato de’ Conti. Other sculptural work in Rome includes a funerary monument with posthumous portrait bust for the poet Annibal Caro...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1671, in Settignano; died 12 December 1736, in Florence.

Sculptor, medallist, architect.

The church of the Annunziata in Florence houses some of Giovacchino Fortini's statues. Fortini was responsible for completing work on the façade of the church of S Firenze started by A. Maria Ferri. He also completed a tomb for the physician ...

Article

Alison Luchs

(b Settignano, nr Florence, 1670; d Florence, 1736).

Italian sculptor, medallist, architect and festival designer. He was a leading figure in the generation of sculptors trained in Florence after the dissolution of the Accademia Fiorentina in Rome (1686). Taught by Carlo Marcellini and Giuseppe Piamontini, he worked under Giovanni Battista Foggini on sculpture for the Feroni Chapel in SS Annunziata, Florence (1691–3), and the nave of SS Michele e Gaetano (1694–6). His principal sculptures are marble works for the high altar of SS Annunziata (1704–6) and portraits. His statues of St Filippo Benizzi and St Giuliana Falconieri for the Annunziata altar, with their animated balance and restrained intensity, are among the best of their date in Florence. Several portrait busts and reliefs, with an unsparingly detailed realism tempered by coolly imperious expression, have been attributed to him. The basis for these attributions is the signed marble effigy of Baron Philipp Bertram Degenhard Joseph von Hochkirchen...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1614, in Liège.

Painter, sculptor, medallist, architect.

Martin Hendricy settled in Lyons in 1643, and was appointed Sculptor in Ordinary to the city in 1648. He acquired French nationality in 1659. The churches of Lyons, and more especially its town hall, owe much to him. In ...

Article

Joanne A. Rubino

(b Recanati, 1580; d Recanati, 1655).

Italian sculptor, painter, architect and bronze caster. He is known primarily for his bronzes, which combine an adherence to traditional standards of 15th-century Lombardy and a move towards the more dramatic qualities of the Baroque. With his brother, Tarquino Jacometti (1570–1638), he was instructed in drawing and sculpting by his uncle, Antonio Calcagni, but the influence of his lifelong teacher Cristoforo Roncalli was always uppermost in his works. The brothers became business partners, collaborating in casting bronze low reliefs, fountains and baptismal fonts, but Pietro Paolo also produced individual items.

The Jacometti brothers collaborated in such bronze works as the fountain (1619–20) in the Piazza della Madonna, Loreto; the Galli fountain, Loreto; the fountain (1619) in the Piazza del Popolo, Faenza; and on fonts in Recanati Cathedral (1622) and S Giovanni Battista, Osimo (1622–8). Pietro Paolo also produced the bronze portrait of ...

Article

Dutch, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 15 May 1565, in Utrecht; died 15 May 1621, in Amsterdam.

Painter, sculptor, medallist, architect. Religious subjects, portraits. Monuments, funerary monuments, busts.

Amsterdam School.

Hendrik de Keyser the Elder was taught by the sculptor C. Bloemaert in Dordrecht, and the painter Abr. Bloemaert. He was awarded the freedom of the city of Amsterdam on 24 October 1591, and was an architect to the town in 1594. He married on 6 August 1591, and had four sons and two daughters. Three of his sons - Pieter, Thomas and Willem - became artists. He taught Hans Stenwinckel. His architectural masterpiece was the tomb of William of Orange in the church in Delft. His sculptures include ...

Article

French, 16th – 17th century, male.

Active in Lyons.

Sculptor, medallist, architect.

Philippe Laliarme sculpted several statues for the church of St-Jean in Lyons in 1600. After working at the college of the Trinity, he produced a bronze bust of Henri IV in 1609, which was placed in a stone cartouche in the town hall. In ...

Article

Alison Luchs

(b Florence, c. 1644; d Florence, June 22, 1713).

Italian sculptor, stuccoist and architect. After training in Florence as a goldsmith, he studied with the painter Felice Ficherelli. In 1671 he went to Rome, having been chosen for the Tuscan Accademia Granducale. He studied sculpture under Ercole Ferrata and Ciro Ferri, showing a predilection for modelling rather than the marble carving expected by his patron, Cosimo III de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. In 1672 he won first prize at the Accademia di S Luca for a terracotta relief of Decaulion and Pirra. He modelled the angels (1673–4) for the ciborium at the Chiesa Nuova (S Maria in Vallicella), which was designed by Ferri and cast by Stefano Benamati, and a terracotta relief of the Fall of the Giants (1674), pendant to a Niobid relief by Giovanni Battista Foggini (both Florence, Mus. Opificio Pietre Dure). When recalled to Florence in 1676, he was working on a more than life-size marble bust of ...

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1556, in Vicenza (Veneto); died 1611, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor, architect, medallist. Statues.

School of Rome.

Camillo Mariani became a member of the artists' guild Congregazione dei Virtuosi al Pantheon in 1600, and of the Accademia di S Luca in ...

Article

Donatella Germanó Siracusa

(b Florence, May 13, 1666; d Rome, after 1739).

Italian sculptor, medallist, miniaturist and architect. He came from a family of craftsmen (his brother Cosimo Merlini (fl 1692–1736) was a silversmith of some repute) and, like his father, trained in the grand ducal workshops in Florence. He then worked for the Medici court. His emergence as a sculptor dates to c. 1692, with his two marble Angels for the Ferroni Chapel (Florence, SS Annunziata). In November 1694 he moved to Rome, where for about a year he was active as a medallist and miniaturist. For the altar in the chapel of St Ignatius in the church of Il Gesù, Rome, Merlini executed a bronze relief of St Peter Appearing to St Ignatius (1695–6), based on a drawing by Andrea Pozzo, and Two Putti Flanking a Cartouche (1697). His monument to the Marchesa Riccardi (c. 1700; Rome, S Giovanni dei Fiorentini), which demonstrates his fine abilities as a portrait artist in the manner of Lorenzo Ottoni, is the most significant work of his first stay in Rome. Returning to Florence in ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1614, in Amiens.

Sculptor, medallist, architect. Historical subjects, figures. Statues, medallions.

Mimerel worked in Lyons, where there is a statue, Virgin, in the church of the hospital, Hôtel-Dieu.

Lyons: Germain Pantho, Painter (medallion)

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1534, in Milan; died 1621, in Rome.

Sculptor (wood), architect, draughtsman, goldsmith.

Influenced by Prosp. Scavezzi, Giovanni Battista Montano settled in Rome during the pontificate of Gregory XIII. He carved many sculptures in wood and designed altars, tabernacles and tombs....

Article

Thomas Kliemann

(b Flachslanden, Franconia, 1603; d Durlach, nr Karlsruhe, 1663).

German wax-modeller, medallist, engraver and engineer. From 1615 he lived in Nuremberg. He first trained with the wood-carver and modeller Georg Vest the younger (1586–1638) and the sculptor Leonard Kern. Around 1626–7 he trained as architect and engineer in Mergentheim under Johann Caspar von Stadion (1556–1641). He then became an engineer in the service of Bernhard, Herzog von Saxe-Weimar. In 1639 Pfründt travelled to Strasbourg, in 1642 to Lyon and between 1642/3 and 1645 to Paris, where he worked with Jean Warin. Around 1646/9 he was back in Nuremberg, where he remained until 1658, apart from visits (c. 1652/3) to the Imperial Diet at Regensburg. In Nuremberg he was involved in the construction of a triumphal arch for the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I (1658; engraving by Peter Paul Troschel, Nuremberg, Ger. Nmus.), on which he collaborated with Georg Schweigger and ...

Article

(b Lodi, c. 1569–70; d Graz, bur March 6, 1633).

Italian painter, architect, engineer and medallist, active in Austria. He trained as a painter in Venice, probably in the workshop of Tintoretto. Although no dated or signed works from his Venetian period are known, a number of paintings are now attributed to him that were earlier ascribed to the circle of Tintoretto, including the Resurrection (Stuttgart, Staatsgal.), the Flagellation (Prague Castle) and the Triumph of Virtue (Madrid, Prado), all between 1584 and 1589. Around 1589 Pomis entered the service of Archduke Ferdinand II, later Holy Roman Emperor, who appointed him official painter to the court in Graz in 1597. In the service of the Archduke, Pomis travelled in 1598 to Rome, Loreto and Spain, in 1601 to Hungary and in 1608 to Florence. His works from this period include an altarpiece representing the Apotheosis of the Counter-Reformation (1602; Graz, St Anton von Padua), an energetic composition probably influenced by Tintoretto, a painting of the ...

Article

(b Nancy, June 30, 1658; d Nancy, Jan 10, 1738).

French medallist and architect. He trained under his father, Claude Urbain (1628–98), a medallist and engraver. He went to Munich in 1671, then to Bologna, where he was an engraver at the mint (1673–83), and finally to Rome, where from 1683 to 1703 he was engraver and architect to Innocent XI, Alexander VIII and Innocent XII. While in Rome he married Elisabeth Mantenois (d 1743), a flower and fruit painter. One of their daughters, Marie-Anne de Saint-Urbain (c. 1711–89), established a reputation as a medallist and wax modeller in Vienna.

After his return to Nancy in 1703, Saint-Urbain was appointed architect and engraver to Duke Leopold of Lorraine (1707). Among his works are a series of portraits of the Dukes and Duchesses of Lorraine, 17 medals for a series of papal portraits (from St Peter to Clement XI), seven medals commemorating the regency of the Duke of Orléans, and coinage for the mints of Bologna, Rome and Nancy. His medals for private patrons include portraits of ...

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1565, in Villa de San Quirico; died 1630, in Rome.

Sculptor, medallist, architect.

Paolo Sanquirico was the pupil of C. Mariani and Giacomo Antonio Moro in Rome, and became director of the Papal mint.

Article

Christiaan Schuckman

(b Amsterdam, c. 1674; d Amsterdam, bur Feb 6, 1772).

Dutch painter, etcher, mezzotint engraver, draughtsman, instrument maker, modeller, goldsmith, shipbuilder and writer. According to Nagler, Silo worked as a master shipbuilder and sea captain until he was 30, but by c. 1694 or shortly after he had learnt how to paint from Theodor van Pee (c. 1668/9–1746). In 1697 Silo was in Amsterdam giving Peter the Great instruction in the drawing of ships; notes made by the Tsar at the time have survived, and Peter the Great owned several of his tutor’s paintings. Silo’s pictures are all of marine subjects, for example the Admiral at Sea (Amsterdam, Hist. Mus.) and Calm Sea with Shipping (Rotterdam, Mar. Mus.). The effects of a cold winter can be seen in the View of the Frozen IJ with Whalers, as Seen from the Blaue Hoofd (1720; Amsterdam, Hist. Mus.). Apart from this one dated work, there is little evidence for a chronological catalogue of Silo’s oeuvre. On most of the more than 20 known etchings, Silo is mentioned both as the designer and etcher; none is dated, and all, like his paintings, drawings and watercolours are of marine subjects. He worked out his images in rough hatching using a fine etching needle. The quality of impressions differs markedly. From the series of ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1676, in Florence; died after 1740.

Painter, architect, sculptor, medallist, writer.

Girolamo Ticciati produced many statues for churches in Florence, as well as funeral monuments and busts.