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Article

Ewa Mikina

[Pol. artysci rewolucyjni: ‘revolutionary artists’]

Polish group of avant-garde artists that flourished between 1929 and 1936. Its members were the sculptor Katarzyna Kobro, the painters Władysław Strzemiński and Henryk Stażewski, and the poets J. Brzękowski and J. Przyboś. It was founded by Strzemiński after he, Kobro and Stażewski left the Praesens group. The group’s programme chiefly reflected the views of Strzemiński. In two leaflets entitled Kommunikaty a.r. (‘a.r. bulletins’) the group declared itself in favour of a ‘laboratory’ version of Constructivism and an avant-garde art that influenced social life in an indirect and gradual manner. It opposed the politicization and popularization of art, which it regarded as a debasement of artistic expression, but the group also believed that rigorous, formal discipline, the organic construction of a work, its coherence, effectiveness and economy of means, made art somewhat synthetic or contrived. From 1933 the group’s announcements regarding its programme appeared in the Łódź art magazine Forma...

Article

Rigmor Lovring

(b Ordrup, July 14, 1919; d Munkerup, nr Dronningmølle, Hillerød, June 29, 1982).

Danish painter, sculptor, designer and writer. He studied at the Kunsthåndvaerkerskole (1936–9) and the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi (1939–46), both in Copenhagen. He experimented with non-figurative forms of expression in numerous media. He was a co-founder of Groupe Espace in 1951, and his work was important for the development of Concrete art internationally.

From 1947 to 1950 Aagaard Andersen developed a new, pure pictorial dynamic, moving from fine-lined drawings and faceted landscapes towards an abstract formal language that explored form in terms of light, shadow and reflection. His ‘picture boxes’, in which various elements manifested rhythmic and dynamic growth, explored the concept of painting as object. He began to use the techniques of folding and pleating (e.g. Black Picture Surface with Three Folded Sections, 1964; Esbjerg, Kstpav.), and his work was dominated by his interest in light and shadow.

Besides paintings, Aagaard Andersen produced a number of sculptures, for example the abstract steel work ...

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Born 1919.

Sculptor.

Copenhagen, 26 May 1987: Sculpture (1954, steel, 32¼ × 99½ ins/82 × 253 cm) DKK 6,000

Article

Finnish, 20th century, male.

Born 8 March 1894, in Martilla (Swedish St Mårtens); died 30 May 1966, in Helsinki.

Painter, sculptor. Figures. Monuments.

Vallio Aaltonen studied at the school of painting of the Turku Artistic Association. He became a teacher and member of the academy of Finland, as well as an associate member of the art academies of Brazil and the USSR....

Article

Leena Ahtola-Moorhouse

(Waldemar)

(b Marttila [Swed. St Mårtens], March 8, 1894; d Helsinki, May 30, 1966).

Finnish sculptor and painter. He was the most significant sculptor of the early decades of Finnish independence (after 1917). His style combined classical tranquillity with a modern sensitivity and disclosed the beauty of granite as a sculptural material. He studied painting at the School of Drawing of the Turku Art Association between 1910 and 1915 but on graduation began to practise moulding techniques and to teach himself stone sculpting. In 1916 his firm instincts and talent for monumental sculpture were remarked on at a general exhibition. His Granite Boy (1917–20; Helsinki, Athenaeum A. Mus.) is one of the masterpieces of his youth, the timid austerity of the child’s figure conveying an Egyptian quality. The marble sculptures Little Wader (1917–22; priv. col., see Okkonen, 1926) and Wader (1924; Helsinki, Athenaeum A. Mus.) are both good examples of Aaltonen’s tonal carving. His main concerns were light and shadow and the atmosphere they create around the sculpture. In ...

Article

Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 August 1852, in Nyborg.

Sculptor. Statues.

Initially a woodcarver, Carl Wilhelm Oluf Peter Aarsleff went on to study under Fjeldskov at the Kunstakademi in Copenhagen from 1872 to 1876. In 1879 his statue of Telemachus, now in the museum of Odense, earned him a gold medal. He visited Paris, Greece and Italy, where he stayed for quite some time in Rome. His works can be seen in the art gallery of Copenhagen and at the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek. The art lover Jacobsen commissioned two reliefs which now adorn the façade of the latter. Aarsleff was also involved in the decoration of Copenhagen's law courts. He was appointed a member of the Kunstakademi of Copenhagen in ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Sculptor. Busts.

A. Aarts showed an ivory sculpture representing a Head of a Laughing Child at the Brussels Exhibition in 1897.

Article

Norwegian, 20th century, male.

Born 21 April 1933, in Inderøy (Nord-Trøndelag); died 10 February 2004, in Oslo.

Sculptor.

Niels Aas was included in the Norwegian selection for the Paris Biennale des Jeunes (Biennale for Young Artists) in 1965.

Article

Ingeborg Wikborg

(Sigurd)

(b Inderøy, Nord-Trøndelag, April 21, 1933).

Norwegian sculptor, designer and medallist. He became familiar with handicraft in his father’s furniture workshop. In 1954 he began five years’ study as a commercial artist at the Håndverks- og Kunstindustriskole in Oslo and from 1957 to 1963 he worked as an illustrator for a newspaper. He studied at the Kunstakademi in Oslo from 1959 to 1962 under the sculptor Per Palle Storm (1910–94) who advocated naturalism in sculpture. As an assistant to Arnold Haukeland from 1961 to 1964, Aas lost his apprehension of the untried and cultivated his sense of daring, as he gained experience with welding techniques. Highly imaginative and versatile, Aas worked in both abstract and figurative modes and is reckoned one of the foremost sculptors in Norway; in 1990 he was honoured with St Olav.

Aas’s first sculpture was an equestrian monument in snow, made in Inderøy while he was a schoolboy. His first public project was the abstract steel figure ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, female.

Born 1930, in Falenty.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor.

A student at the academy of fine art in Warsaw between 1950 and 1955, Magdalena Abakanowicz taught at the fine arts college in Poznan from 1965 onwards. Initially a painter, she later took up sculpture and also began working with textiles in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 November 1876, in Montech; died 20 June 1953, in Carbonne.

Sculptor, painter, draughtsman. Figures, animals. Busts.

After following the advice of the sculpture-lovers in his family, Abbal became a pupil of Falguière and Mercié at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He started exhibiting at the Salon des Artistes Français from ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1884, in Villarosa; died 1972.

Sculptor.

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1916, in Mallawi; died July 2004.

Sculptor. Animals.

Abdel Badi Abdel Hay studied sculpture in the free section of Cairo University's arts faculty. He often worked with hard stone such as granite, sometimes sculpting animal-like figures, elongating the surface area of his works to create work reminiscent of Pompon and Brancusi....

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1925; died 1988.

Sculptor, painter. Animals.

Salah Abdel Kerim studied at Cairo's faculty of art, continuing his studies in Italy and in Paris. He was appointed Professor of Decorative Art at the same faculty in Cairo and was later appointed Dean of Fine Arts in the city....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Landerneau.

Sculptor (stone/marble/bronze).

Claude Abeille studied under Robert Couturier at the École Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. He was awarded the Prix Bourdelle in 1963 and was made a member of the Institut de France in 1992...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor.

Following a career as a reporter and photographer, Michel Abeille returned to painting, which he had first taken up in his youth, in 1968. He exhibited his work in a private exhibition in Paris in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1894, in Mount Healthy (Ohio), according to some sources, in Widdern (Germany).

Sculptor.

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 1885, in Zurich; died 1970.

Sculptor. Figures.

Lucerne, 30 Sept 1988: Female Torso (cement, h. 13 ins/33 cm) CHF 800

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 11 January 1877, in Bordeaux.

Sculptor. Busts.

Ablonet featured in the Salon des Artistes Français from 1911 onwards, but did not appear again after 1914.

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in Berlin.

Sculptor.

Richard Abraham sent his bronze study of a Young Girl to the 1910 Berliner Kunstausstellung.