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Article

French, 17th century, male.

Active in Rouen during the 17th century.

Painter, sculptor.

Pierre Abraham was one of the signatories of the statutes of the corporation of painters and sculptors of Rouen on 17 September 1631.

Article

German, 17th century, male.

Born in Treffen (Strain).

Sculptor, draughtsman.

A surviving work by him is a drawing of the fine main doorway of Zagreb Cathedral in Croatia. According to the city archives of 1655, he did the decoration of the monastery of Sittich (Sticna) in Slovenia. He was also an architect....

Article

Paul Davies and David Hemsoll

(b Genoa, Feb 14, 1404; d Rome, April 1472).

Italian architect, sculptor, painter, theorist and writer. The arts of painting, sculpture and architecture were, for Alberti, only three of an exceptionally broad range of interests, for he made his mark in fields as diverse as family ethics, philology and cryptography. It is for his contribution to the visual arts, however, that he is chiefly remembered. Alberti single-handedly established a theoretical foundation for the whole of Renaissance art with three revolutionary treatises, on painting, sculpture and architecture, which were the first works of their kind since Classical antiquity. Moreover, as a practitioner of the arts, he was no less innovative. In sculpture he seems to have been instrumental in popularizing, if not inventing, the portrait medal, but it was in architecture that he found his métier. Building on the achievements of his immediate predecessors, Filippo Brunelleschi and Michelozzo di Bartolomeo, he reinterpreted anew the architecture of antiquity and introduced compositional formulae that have remained central to classical design ever since....

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Active in Rouen in the 1630s.

Painter, sculptor.

He made several items for the parish church of St-Eloi. His signature appears on the statutes of the corporation of painters and sculptors of Rouen in 1631.

Article

Portuguese, 17th century, male.

Born in Lisbon.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver.

There exist two manuscript treatises on geometry bearing Almeida's signature. A similar signature B. d'Almeyda was found on the first page of a work entitled Historic Theatre, a genealogy of the Souza dynasty. Despite the difference in spelling, it is almost certain that they are one and the same person. Almeida is known to have been in Paris in ...

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born before 1550; died 11 April 1611.

Painter.

Giuseppe d'Alvino was a pupil of the painter and sculptor Giuseppe Spatafora. He is also believed to have been a sculptor and architect and a very fine draughtsman. Although he appears to have been extremely productive, few of his works have survived....

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Urbino.

Painter, sculptor, potter.

Amantini studied in his native Urbino with Varsajo Bartoccini and subsequently lived in the home of Frederigo Gioja in San Sepolcro. In 1642, his brothers prevailed upon him to give up painting and open a pottery in Urbino. After the death of his father that same year, he gave up pottery to concentrate exclusively on painting. In ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Painter, sculptor.

Painter and sculptor for the army in 1660.

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 12 February 1616, in Reggio nell'Emilia; died 29 March 1702.

Painter, sculptor.

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born in Verona; died after 1618.

Sculptor, painter.

Brother of Battista Angolo; worked primarily in Venice in various churches and, as an architect, in the Ducal Palace. Many of his sculptures are to be found in Venice.

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1628, in Eu (Seine-Maritime); died 18 June 1708, in Paris.

Painter, decorative designer, architect. Ornaments.

Guillaume Anguier, a brother of the well-known sculptors Michel and François, was one of the artists employed on Colbert's orders in the Gobelins factory. He was granted the title of 'king's painter' and worked on the decoration of the great staircase at the Louvre and of the châteaux of St-Germain-en-Laye and Versailles. He was also an architect....

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Sculptor, painter.

He worked with his brother Dionise; in 1621 they were each paid 80 livres for the work they did together.

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Painter, sculptor.

He worked with his brother Antoine, and was paid 80 livres for carving and gilding two angels in the church of Le Puy-Notre-Dame (Maine-et-Loire).

Article

Swiss, 17th century, male.

Sculptor, painter.

Relationship with the other Aspers is uncertain, although he may have been Hans Conrad's brother. Active in Constance, he was commissioned by Count Kaspar von Hohenem to work on the chapel of the miracle-working Virgin at Einsiedeln from 1630 to 1633...

Article

Phyllis Pray Bober

(b Bologna, 1474–5; d Bologna, Nov 19, 1552).

Italian painter, sculptor, illuminator, printmaker and draughtsman . He was born into a family of painters, and his youthful facility reportedly astonished his contemporaries. His work developed in the Emilian–Ferrarese tradition of Ercole de’ Roberti, Lorenzo Costa the elder and, above all, Francesco Francia. Until the re-evaluation by Longhi, critical assessment of Amico’s oeuvre was over-reliant on literary sources, especially Vasari’s unsympathetic account of an eccentric, half-insane master working so rapidly with both hands (the ‘chiaro’ in one, the ‘scuro’ in the other) that he was able to finish decorating an entire house façade in one day.

Longhi presented Amico as a creative master whose expressive intensity and sensitive use of colour rescued Bolognese painting of the early 16th century from sterile echoes of Raphael. Today Aspertini is viewed as an influential precursor of Mannerism, and his highly individual study of antiquity has been brought to the fore by the publication of his sketchbooks. Amico was not a mere imitator of ancient artists, but their imaginative rival, whether in his grotesques derived from the decorations of Nero’s Domus Aurea in Rome (e.g. the Parma sketchbook and the borders of his ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Palermo.

Painter, sculptor, architect.

Reference is made to Astorino around 1625 in connection with paintings commissioned by the Senate of Palermo. In 1637 or thereabouts, he worked with Novelli de Monreale, painting frescoes for the church of S Francesco dei Chiodari and for the royal palace....

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Painter, sculptor.

Auray was from Normandy in northern France. He produced a cross decorated with a figure of St Michael for the Confrérie de St-Michel in the parish of Notre-Dame-de-la-Couture in Bernay.

Article

Isabel Mateo Gómez

(b ?Toledo; d 1595).

Spanish painter, miniaturist, sculptor, architect and writer. He belongs to the Toledan school of the second half of the 16th century. The son of the painter Lorenzo de Ávila, he developed a Mannerist style that is smooth and delicate and derives from his father’s and from that of Juan Correa de Vivar and of Francisco Comontes (d 1565). He worked as painter to Toledo Cathedral from 1565 to 1581 and was painter (Pintor del Rey) to Philip II from 1583. He acted frequently as a valuer for the work of other artists.

Between 1563 and 1564, in collaboration with Luis de Velasco, Hernando de Ávila painted the retable of the church of Miraflores (Madrid Province) with the Life of Christ and the Life of the Virgin (untraced); these are probably among his earliest works. He was commissioned to paint the retables of St John the Baptist and the ...

Article

Flemish School, 17th century, male.

Active in Mechelen.

Born 1593; died 1631.

Painter, sculptor. Statues.

In 1621, Abraham van Avont was a master in the Brussels guild and a collaborator of Lukas Fayd'herbe.