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Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born c. 1835, near Hollis (Maine); died 1906, in New York.

Sculptor.

Article

Jennifer Wingate

[née Pond, Adeline Valentine]

(b Boston, MA, Oct 24, 1859; d Brooklyn, NY, July 1, 1948).

American critic and author. Adams was a vocal proponent of American sculpture during the last decades of civic sculpture’s golden age. She expressed her views on the state of the field in two significant publications, The Spirit of American Sculpture (1923; reissued in 1929) and a chapter in the 1930 edition of Lorado Taft’s History of American Sculpture, as well as in regular contributions to the American Magazine of Art.

Adams was an artist herself, though writing claimed her full attention. While she was in Paris in 1887, she posed for the sculptor Herbert Adams, whom she married two years later. The resulting marble bust (1889; New York, Hisp. Soc. America) was exhibited at the 1893 Chicago World’s Fair, an exposition that Adams hailed for fostering a new ideal of collaboration between architects and sculptors. Adams praised the role that sculpture played in public life and promoted figurative work modeled in the French academic tradition. She admired artists like Daniel Chester French (...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 January 1858, in West Concord; died 1945.

Sculptor.

Herbert Adams attended the Massachusetts Normal School of Art in Boston and completed his studies with Mercié in Paris. During his five years in Paris he sculpted his first marble bust, that of his fiancée, Miss Adeline V. Pond. This work earned him a reputation for elegant sculpture and was the start of his fame. He became a member of the Académie Nationale de Dessin. Adams exhibited in Paris, where in ...

Article

Janet A. Headley

(b West Concord, VT, Jan 28, 1858; d New York, NY, May 21, 1945).

American sculptor. Raised in Fitchburg, MA, he trained at the Institute of Technology in Worcester (subsequently Worcester Polytechnic Institute), the Massachusetts Normal Art School in Boston (now the Massachusetts College of Art and Design) and the Maryland Institute of Art in Baltimore, following an artistic path that mirrored that of many of his contemporaries. Arriving in Paris around 1885, he found a mentor in Antonin Mercié (1845–1916), whose accomplished bronzes evoke Italian Renaissance prototypes. He briefly established his own studio in Paris in 1888, and from 1890 to 1895 he taught at the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn.

Adams won important commissions for public monuments in Boston (clergyman William Ellery Channing, 1904) and New York (William Cullen Bryant, 1911). The latter, located on the grounds of the New York Public Library, features a dignified seated portrait of the poet, editor and advocate of Central Park and the Metropolitan Museum; architect Thomas Hastings (...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 May 1878, in San Francisco; died 1949, in New York.

Sculptor. Figures. Monuments, equestrian groups.

Robert Ingersolt Aitken studied at the Mark Hopkins Institute of Sculpture in San Francisco, where he later became a teacher, replacing the sculptor of sporting subjects, Douglas Tilden. He started exhibiting in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1864, in Clarendon (New York); died 1926, in Mont Mikeno or Kabale, Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of Congo).

Sculptor, photographer. Animals.

Carl Ethan Akeley began working as a taxidermist at the age of 17 at Ward's Natural Science Establishment in Rochester, New York. He later became associate curator at the Roosevelt American Museum of Natural History in New York, where he laid out the African rooms and the Hall of African Mammals was named after him. On trips to Africa for the museum, Akeley observed animals closely. In ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 10 July 1825, in Sacoarapa (Maine); died 21 May 1861, in Philadelphia.

Sculptor.

Benjamin Akers' father, a wood turner, was his first teacher. He studied sculpture in Boston and in 1850 opened a studio in Portland in collaboration with the painter Tilton. He carved busts of ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 15 November 1836, near Hollis (Maine); died 16 September 1906, in New York.

Sculptor, draughtsman. Busts.

Charles Akers' brother, Benjamin Akers, was his teacher in Rome from 1857 to 1858. He sculpted a large number of busts and medallions of famous men, including ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1855, in Turin; died 1913, in Washington.

Sculptor. Groups, monuments.

Louis Amateis worked at the Royal Academy in Turin before eventually settling in Washington. His masterpiece is the monument to the defenders of the Alamo in Austin, Texas. He was also responsible for the monument in Galveston, Texas. He founded the ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Sculptor, painter. Still-lifes.

Blanche Ames lived in Lowell, Massachusetts, between 1903 and 1904.

New York, 24 Oct 1986: Still-life (1923, oil on canvas, 30 × 24½ ins/76.2 × 62.5 cm) USD 1,000

Article

American, 19th century, female.

Born 1817, in Lewes (Delaware); died 1901, in Washington DC.

Sculptor.

Sarah Fisher Ames was married to Joseph Alexander Ames. She studied in Boston and Rome. She is noted particularly for a portrait bust of Abraham Lincoln which was acquired by the Capitol in Washington DC....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1844, in New Orleans; died 1923, in New Orleans.

Painter, sculptor.

Jules Andrieu studied with Ernest Ciceri in Paris and then worked at Pass Christian c. 1907-1908.

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Activec.1829.

Sculptor.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Shilova, Lithuania; died, 2 July 2015, in Sudbury, Massachusetts.

Painter, sculptor, pastellist. Figures, portraits.

Symbolism.

David Aronson was the son of a rabbi and arrived in the USA at the age of five. He founded the School of Art at the University of Boston, which he ran for 30 years. He received many awards including the Purchase Prize at the National Academy of Fine Arts in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 21 February 1791, in New Haven (Connecticut); died 1858, in New Haven.

Sculptor.

Originally an art dealer, Hezekiah Augur did not start sculpting until after a bankruptcy. His work was noted and appreciated from the start and among his works is a bust of Washington. He was a honorary member of the Academy of Fine Arts in New York....

Article

Donna J. Hassler

(b New Haven, CT, Feb 21, 1791; d New Haven, CT, Jan 10, 1858).

American sculptor. Although as a youth he showed talent for handling tools, his father, a joiner and carpenter, discouraged him from becoming a wood-carver. After opening a fruit shop in New Haven, he began carving musical instruments and furniture legs for a local cabinetmaker. With his invention of a lace-making machine, he was able to settle his business debts and devote himself entirely to sculpture.

About 1825 Samuel F. B. Morse encouraged Augur to try working in marble. Among his earliest attempts in this medium was a bust of Professor Alexander Metcalf Fisher (c. 1825–7; New Haven, CT, Yale U. A.G.), which was exhibited in 1827 at the National Academy of Design in New York. The impact of the Neo-classical style is clearly evident in his most ambitious work, Jephthah and his Daughter (c. 1828–30; New Haven, CT, Yale U. A.G.), a pair of free-standing half life-size marble figures. The treatment of the heads shows Roman influence, which Augur must have absorbed from engravings; this is borne out by the detailed work on Jephthah’s armour. The bold handling of the hair and drapery reveals his experience as a wood-carver. In ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born in St Louis.

Sculptor.

Charles W. Ayton worked in Paris, where he was a pupil of Dubois and Gauquié. He exhibited at the Paris Salon between 1903 and 1920, and at the American Art Association. He also exhibited in his home town....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born in Springfield (Massachusetts).

Sculptor, painter.

Louise Bagg went to work in Paris, under the direction of the sculptor Desvergnes. She won a bronze medal at the St Louis Exhibition in 1904.

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1825, in Paris; died 15 June 1883, in Philadelphia.

Sculptor.

From his early childhood, Joseph A. Bailly lived in the USA, where he worked as a wood engraver. Later he became a sculptor and for a long time taught at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Among his works are a statue of ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 11 November 1869, in Terre Haute (Indiana).

Sculptor.

Caroline Peddle Ball was a pupil of the Irish sculptor Augustus St-Gaudens, who lived in New York. She also studied in Philadelphia, New York, Florence and Paris. She participated in the Exposition Universelle in Paris in ...