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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 January 1940, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Body Art, Conceptual Art.

Vito Acconci was born in the Bronx, New York and lives and works in Brooklyn. He studied at Holy Cross College in Worcester, Massachusetts and at the University of Iowa. He has taught in various art schools and universities and in particular at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Yale University and the Parsons School of Design in New York....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948.

Sculptor, collage artist, draughtsman, performance artist. Multimedia.

Brian Catling teaches sculpture at the Ruskin School of Art, Oxford, and is a Fellow of Linacre College. He is also a poet.

During the 1990s Catling worked on the Cyclops...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Amiens.

Painter, sculptor, collage artist, installation artist, film producer, performance artist. Multimedia.

Joël Hubaut lives in Réville and teaches at the École des Beaux-Arts in Caen. A multimedia designer whose work is a kind of semiotic restless wandering, Hubaut makes references to artists such as Giotto, Duchamp, Pissarro and Beuys as well as writers such as Raymond Roussel, Lewis Carroll or Jules Verne, by weaving slogans, inscriptions and quotations into his sculptures and assemblages. For Pierre Restany, by mixing an all-consuming enthusiasm with a scattered and varied number of signs, word play, images and sound components, Hubaut's works are a critique of a kind of 'information pollution'....

Article

Mary Chou

(b Bethlehem, 1970).

Palestinian conceptual artist. Jacir’s works use a variety of media including film, photography, installation, performance, video, sound, sculpture and painting. Jacir was raised in Saudi Arabia and attended high school in Rome, Italy. She received her BA from the University of Dallas, Irving, TX in 1992, her MFA from the Memphis College of Art, Memphis, TN in 1994, and participated in the Whitney Independent Study Program from 1998 to 1999. She became a professor at the International Academy of Art, Palestine in Ramallah in 2007. Jacir’s conceptual works explore the physical and psychological effects of social and political displacement and exile, primarily how they affect the Palestinian community. Her work investigated the impact of Israeli action on the Palestinian people and countered representations of Palestinians in the press as primarily militant. Jacir often collaborated with members of the Palestinian community, both local and international, in the creation of her works....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 7 October 1943; died 15 October 1995, in Paris.

Performance artist, sculptor, painter, poet. Multimedia.

Michel Journiac studied philosophy and scholastic theology. He taught aesthetics at the University of Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne) and was formerly a teacher in art schools in Versailles, Nancy and Rheims....

Article

Croat, 20th century, male.

Born 1921, in Petrinja.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, performance artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Dadaism, Conceptual Art.

Gorgona Group.

Ivan Kozaric trained at the school of fine art in Zagreb and after an initial stay in Paris where he frequently returned, he started producing work in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Brooklyn (New York), United States.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist. Scenes with figures. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Robert Longo served an apprenticeship in the restoration of paintings in Italy, and studied the history of art at the Accademia in Florence. He subsequently visited the art galleries of Europe, in particular the Musée Rodin in Paris. He took part in the foundation of the alternative space ...

Article

Daniel E. Mader

(b New York, Jan 7, 1953).

American painter, draughtsman, sculptor, video artist, and performance artist. He received his BFA (1975) from the State University College in Buffalo, NY, with a professed ambition to reach the largest possible audience. Living this prophetic statement throughout his more than 30-year career, Longo first achieved fame in the 1980s with a series of large-scale drawings in charcoal and graphite entitled Men in the Cities (New York, Metro Pictures). These images were life-size human figures in isolation or in groups, wherein the power struggles created a menacing atmosphere.

During the late 1980s he was increasingly involved with film, directing Arena Brains (30 minutes, 1988) and later Johnny Mnemonic with Keanu Reeves (98 minutes, 1995). A regular international exhibitor, often using both controversial and intimidating scale, he exhibited a 1993 drawing series Bodyhammers: The Cult of the Gun (New York, Metro Pictures; Salzburg, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac). He exhibited in the Venice Biennale (...

Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1958, in Naples.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, installation artist, mixed media, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art.

Lucariello lives and works in Paris. Using several different modes of expression (painting, sculpture, photography, videos), he has produced a varied oeuvre that delights in evoking triviality. He works via association of ideas, notably in the series where he associates landscapes and the artist photographed mid-laughter, scratching his buttocks....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 6 August 1945, in Salt Lake City.

Sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist, installation artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Paul McCarthy received a BFA in 1969 from the San Francisco Art Institute, and an MFA in film at the University of Southern California in ...

Article

Susan S. Weininger

(b Havana, Nov 18, 1948; d New York, Sept 8, 1985).

American sculptor, performance artist, video artist, and painter of Cuban birth. From the age of 13, when she was sent to the USA from Cuba by her parents, she lived in orphanages and foster homes in Iowa. Her sense of exile and the separation from her family proved strong motivating forces on her later work. After completing an MA in painting at the University of Iowa in 1972, she entered the university’s new Multimedia and Video Art programme, in which she was free to experiment and develop a unique formal language, gaining an MFA in 1977.

In the 1970s Mendieta began to create ‘earth-body sculptures’ outdoors in Iowa, using the primal materials of blood, earth, fire, and water, having first executed performances that she documented in photographs or black-and-white films. In the Silueta series she traced or sculpted the image of her body on the ground, using ignited gunpowder, leaves, grass, mud, stones, other natural elements, or cloth; ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 20 April 1939, in Florence.

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, installation artist.

Conceptual Art, Sound Poetry.

Nannucci became involved with the notions of 'virtual poetry' and 'concrete poetry' from 1961and went on to explore the boundaries and relationships between the written word and painting. He was not content merely to take words at their face value but instead experimented with their visual content and their potential for typographical manipulation. He made use of double meanings in an attempt to establish a relationship between image and meaning. One example is the word 'corner', which Nannucci visualises as forming a corner. He was particularly interested in research into form, light and movement; to this end, he used variable coloured light sources, in much the same way as Garcia-Rossi....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 1947, in Brooklyn (New York City).

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, video artist, assemblage artist, musician.

Charlemagne Palestine lives and works in Brussels. He is a multimedia artist who experiments with all forms of art: painting, sculpture, music, video and performance....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in Switzerland, Iceland.

Born 1930, in Hanover; died 5 June 1998, in Basel.

Painter (mixed media), printmaker (lithography, silk-screen), collage artist, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist. Multimedia, artists’ books, artists’ multiples.

Concrete Art, Conceptual Art, Concrete Poetry.

Dieter Roth studied successively in Hanover, Zurich, St Gall and, ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 9 August 1960, in Paris.

Painter, draughtswoman, sculptor, installation artist, performance artist. Multimedia.

Nathalie Talec lives and works in Paris. She works in a variety of styles and media, typically using everyday materials such as breeze blocks, paraffin, rime and insulating material, in combination with texts drawn from such varied sources as Epicurus, Plato, Joseph Fourier or Edgar Morin. No doubt influenced by time spent in Greenland in ...

Article

Grischka Petri

(b Leverkusen, nr Cologne, Oct 14, 1932; d Berlin, April 3, 1998).

German painter, sculptor, décollagist, composer, video artist, and performance artist. He was one of the fathers of the European Happening movement. Vostell studied typography, lithography, and painting in Cologne, Wuppertal, Paris, and Düsseldorf (1950–58). In 1959 he married Mercedes Guardado Olivenza in Cáceres, Spain. Early in his career he discovered Décollage , a technique of cutting, tearing away or otherwise removing pieces of an image. His spelling of the term, dé-coll/age, underlined the term’s dialectical implications of destruction and creation. In the 1960s he worked with chemicals to transfer the process to photography, video, and film, turning it into an all-encompassing strategy of image deconstruction, often within the iconographic framework of violence and sexuality as communicated by mass media.

Vostell’s combined décollage with car parts and television sets, being one of the first artists using such a device as part of a sculpture in 1958. In 1962 he joined the ...