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Article

Inmaculada Julián

(b Madrid, Feb 26, 1937).

Spanish painter, sculptor, potter, printmaker and stage designer . As a painter he was mainly self-taught. After working as a journalist in 1957, he left Spain in 1958 to avoid military service, settling in Paris. There he continued to work both as a journalist and painter. From 1968 to 1972 he lived in Milan, returning to Paris in 1973. His work developed from expressionism to realism (Nueva figurina), which reflected on the pictorial language and function of painting and the artist’s role in society. He manipulated ready-made images, words and elements derived from commercial art and the work of other painters. His pieces formed series whose titles referred to the legacy of the Spanish Civil War and the contemporary political situation to help make their critical point. His work frequently provoked controversy, for example his series Arcole Bridge and St Bernard’s Pass (1962–6) was based on the theme of Napoleon Bonaparte as a symbol of imperialism (e.g. ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 10 June 1880, in Chatou; died 10 September 1954, in Garches, as the result of an accident.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman (red chalk/charcoal/ink), sculptor (including bronze), engraver (wood/metal), lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, nudes, hunting scenes, scenes with figures, horse racing scenes, landscapes, waterscapes, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, still-lifes, flowers, fruit...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 4 February 1881, in Argentan; died 18 August 1955, in Gif-sur-Yvette.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, ceramicist, illustrator, mosaicist, designer, film producer. Designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass, stage sets, stage costumes.

Puteaux Group, Section d’Or, Association of Revolutionary Writers and Artists, Espace...

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Born 18 December 1884.

Sculptor.

Elek Lux studied in Budapest, Munich and Brussels, and settled in Budapest.

He produced busts and small sculptures, including a series of female dancers, bronzes and terracottas.

Budapest (Mus. of Fine Arts)

Budapest (Történeti Múz.): Boxer...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born in New York.

Engraver, sculptor, designer. Stage costumes and sets, murals, ceramics.

Valerie J. Maynard studied at the New School, New York, and Goddard College, Plainfield (Vermont). She is based in Baltimore (Maryland). She has exhibited in Sweden, Nigeria and, in the USA, at the Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 6 November 1944, in Glasgow.

Performance artist, painter, sculptor, installation artist, printmaker, ceramicist.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Bruce McLean studied at Glasgow School of Art (1961-1963), and at St Martins School of Art in London (1963-1966) under Anthony Caro, Phillip King and William Tucker. He has taught at the Croydon School of Art (...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 13 January 1895, in Jaén (Andalusia); died 4 April 1984, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, sculptor, draughtsman, ceramicist. Portraits, figures, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers. Stage costumes and sets, posters.

Manuel Ángeles Ortiz learned to paint in the studio of José Larrocha in Granada and then went to Madrid where he was taught by Cecilio Pla. A childhood friend of Federico García Lorca, he was linked to the group of writers, artists and poets known as ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1904.

Born 25 October 1881, in Málaga; died 8 April 1973, in Mougins, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, monotype artist, sculptor, assemblage sculptor, ceramicist, printmaker (etching/drypoint/copper/aquatint/linocuts), lithographer, illustrator, writer. Mythological subjects, figure compositions, figures, nudes, interiors with figures, local scenes (bullfighting), scenes with figures, portraits, self-portraits, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes, animals, flowers...