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Article

Rigmor Lovring

(b Ordrup, July 14, 1919; d Munkerup, nr Dronningmølle, Hillerød, June 29, 1982).

Danish painter, sculptor, designer and writer. He studied at the Kunsthåndvaerkerskole (1936–9) and the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi (1939–46), both in Copenhagen. He experimented with non-figurative forms of expression in numerous media. He was a co-founder of Groupe Espace in 1951, and his work was important for the development of Concrete art internationally.

From 1947 to 1950 Aagaard Andersen developed a new, pure pictorial dynamic, moving from fine-lined drawings and faceted landscapes towards an abstract formal language that explored form in terms of light, shadow and reflection. His ‘picture boxes’, in which various elements manifested rhythmic and dynamic growth, explored the concept of painting as object. He began to use the techniques of folding and pleating (e.g. Black Picture Surface with Three Folded Sections, 1964; Esbjerg, Kstpav.), and his work was dominated by his interest in light and shadow.

Besides paintings, Aagaard Andersen produced a number of sculptures, for example the abstract steel work ...

Article

Finnish, 20th century, male.

Born 8 March 1894, in Martilla (Swedish St Mårtens); died 30 May 1966, in Helsinki.

Painter, sculptor. Figures. Monuments.

Vallio Aaltonen studied at the school of painting of the Turku Artistic Association. He became a teacher and member of the academy of Finland, as well as an associate member of the art academies of Brazil and the USSR....

Article

Leena Ahtola-Moorhouse

(Waldemar)

(b Marttila [Swed. St Mårtens], March 8, 1894; d Helsinki, May 30, 1966).

Finnish sculptor and painter. He was the most significant sculptor of the early decades of Finnish independence (after 1917). His style combined classical tranquillity with a modern sensitivity and disclosed the beauty of granite as a sculptural material. He studied painting at the School of Drawing of the Turku Art Association between 1910 and 1915 but on graduation began to practise moulding techniques and to teach himself stone sculpting. In 1916 his firm instincts and talent for monumental sculpture were remarked on at a general exhibition. His Granite Boy (1917–20; Helsinki, Athenaeum A. Mus.) is one of the masterpieces of his youth, the timid austerity of the child’s figure conveying an Egyptian quality. The marble sculptures Little Wader (1917–22; priv. col., see Okkonen, 1926) and Wader (1924; Helsinki, Athenaeum A. Mus.) are both good examples of Aaltonen’s tonal carving. His main concerns were light and shadow and the atmosphere they create around the sculpture. In ...

Article

Norwegian, 19th century, male.

Born 24 December 1854, in Rauland.

Painter, sculptor. Genre scenes, portraits.

At the age of 20, Aanonsen decided to study with the painter Brynjulf Larsen Bergslien, where he stayed for three years. He then went to Munich to work with the Bavarian painter Anton Seitz, an imitator of Meissonnier. He returned to Oslo in ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, female.

Born 1930, in Falenty.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor.

A student at the academy of fine art in Warsaw between 1950 and 1955, Magdalena Abakanowicz taught at the fine arts college in Poznan from 1965 onwards. Initially a painter, she later took up sculpture and also began working with textiles in ...

Article

French, 19th century, female.

Born in Paris.

Painter, sculptor. Portraits.

Abary studied painting under Chaplin, Jacquet and Buttin and sculpture under Madame Berteaux; exhibited portraits and medallions at the Salon de Paris from 1880 to 1892.

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 November 1876, in Montech; died 20 June 1953, in Carbonne.

Sculptor, painter, draughtsman. Figures, animals. Busts.

After following the advice of the sculpture-lovers in his family, Abbal became a pupil of Falguière and Mercié at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He started exhibiting at the Salon des Artistes Français from ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1925; died 1988.

Sculptor, painter. Animals.

Salah Abdel Kerim studied at Cairo's faculty of art, continuing his studies in Italy and in Paris. He was appointed Professor of Decorative Art at the same faculty in Cairo and was later appointed Dean of Fine Arts in the city....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor.

Following a career as a reporter and photographer, Michel Abeille returned to painting, which he had first taken up in his youth, in 1968. He exhibited his work in a private exhibition in Paris in ...

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Active in Praguec.1560.

Died c. 1565.

Painter, draughtsman. Monuments.

Florian Abel was the brother of the sculptors Bernhard and Arnold Abel, and was commissioned to produce the sketches for the tomb of Emperor Maximilian, which was to be sculpted by his brothers. He was paid 249 florins and 40 kreutzer for this task. He is believed to have drawn the plan for Frederick I's memorial, which was sculpted by Colin, as well as plans for the memorials to Frederick's wife, the empress, and to Maximilian II. His will, dated ...

Article

Bohemian School, 16th century, male.

Active in Prague, probably during the 16th century.

Painter, sculptor.

Simon Abels' work includes the altar in Prague's Týn church, a powerful combined work of sculpture and painting which was apparently inspired by Dürer's Virgin.

Article

Jens Peter Munk

(b Copenhagen, Sept 11, 1743; d Frederiksdal, Copenhagen, June 4, 1809).

Danish painter, designer and architect. His paintings reveal both Neo-classical and Romantic interests and include history paintings as well as literary and mythological works. The variety of his subject-matter reflects his wide learning, a feature further evidenced by the broad range of his creative output. In addition to painting, he produced decorative work, sculpture and furniture designs, as well as being engaged as an architect. Successfully combining both intellectual and imaginative powers, he came to be fully appreciated only in the 1980s.

He studied at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen (1764–72), and in 1767 he assisted Johan Edvard Mandelberg (1730–86) in painting the domed hall of the Fredensborg Slot with scenes from the Homeric epic the Iliad. In 1772 he was granted a five-year travelling scholarship from the Kunstakademi to study in Rome. During his Roman sojourn he extensively copied works of art from the period of antiquity up to that of the Carracci family. His friendships with the Danish painter Jens Juel, the Swedish sculptor Johan Tobias Sergel and the Swiss painter Johann Heinrich Fuseli placed him among artists who were in the mainstream of a widespread upheaval in European art. In these years Abildgaard developed both Neo-classical and Romantic tastes; his masterpiece of the period is ...

Article

German, 17th century, male.

Born 1613, in Miesbach; died 1705, in Munich.

Sculptor, draughtsman. Religious subjects.

An artist in the employ of the Elector of Bavaria, he produced a considerable number of works, notably four large evangelical figures beside the high altar and angel figures in the choir of St Cajetan's in Munich. Several works by him are found in other churches in Munich. In ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Active in Rouen during the 17th century.

Painter, sculptor.

Pierre Abraham was one of the signatories of the statutes of the corporation of painters and sculptors of Rouen on 17 September 1631.

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 10 January 1935, in Wigan.

Painter, sculptor.

Ivor Abrahams studied under Anthony Caro at St Martin’s School of Art (1952-1953) and under Karel Vogel at Camberwell School of Art (1954-1957). After serving as an apprentice at the Fiorini Art bronze foundry, Abrahams travelled extensively in Europe, notably living in France ...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born in Santa Cruz de Tenerife.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman. Figures, genre scenes, landscapes.

Juan Abreu painted landscapes and made miniatures, designs and sculptures. Spain provided the subjects for his work.

Article

María Antonia González-Arnal

(b Turmero, nr Maracay, Aug 22, 1919; d Caracas, Feb 20, 1993).

Venezuelan painter and sculptor. From 1943 to 1947 he studied drawing and painting in the Escuela de Artes Plásticas y Aplicadas, Caracas. He was a founder-member of the Taller Libre de Arte, taking part in its activities from 1949 to 1952. His paintings, always within a figurative framework, are marked by a pursuit of the magical and of indigenous roots. In his early work he was interested in the themes of roosters and flowers, using the surrounding environment as a source of inspiration. He expressed human, animal and vegetable existence in strong, warm colours (e.g. The Rooster, 1951; Caracas, Gal. A. N.). In 1952 Abreu moved to Europe, visiting Spain and Italy and living in Paris until 1962, when he returned to Venezuela. In Europe his contact with the Musée de l’Homme in Paris and with Surrealism produced a profound transformation in his work. He created his first Magical Objects...

Article

Abriel  

French, 20th century, male.

Born in Dinard.

Painter, sculptor.

Abriel exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in 1932, 1937 and 1938 with paintings of flowers and works centring on social and philosophical subjects.

Article

International group of painters and sculptors, founded in Paris in February 1931 and active until 1936. It succeeded another short-lived group, Cercle et Carré, which had been formed in 1929 with similar intentions of promoting and exhibiting abstract art. Its full official title was Abstraction-Création: Art non-figuratif. The founding committee included Auguste Herbin (president), Georges Vantongerloo (vice-president), Hans Arp, Albert Gleizes, Jean Hélion, Georges Valmier and František Kupka.

Membership of Abstraction-Création was in principle open to all abstract artists, but the dominant tendency within the group was towards the geometric formality championed by Theo van Doesburg and by other artists associated with De Stijl. Works such as Jean Hélion’s Ile-de-France (1935; London, Tate), which came to typify the group’s stance, owed more to the post-war ‘rappel à l’ordre’ interpreted by the Purists in terms of a ‘classic’ and ‘architectonic’ ordering of art, design and architecture, than to the biomorphic abstraction derived from Surrealism. During its brief existence the group published annual ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born in Auxerre.

Painter. Portraits, still-lifes.

Acard-Picard was a pupil of both Fernand Bivel and Jacques Simon. She exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Femmes, for women painters and sculptors, and, from 1932, at the Salon des Artistes Français.