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Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Japan and the USA.

Born 8 December 1957, in Quanzhou City (Fujian Province).

Painter, draughtsman, mixed media, video artist, installation artist, performance artist.

Cai Guo-Qiang trained in stage design at the Shanghai drama institute from 1981 to 1985. He spent several periods in Tibet, emigrated to Japan in 1986, and since 1995 lived in New York. Guo-Qiang made his name by using gunpowder in his work, which he would detonate as a symbol of his desire to free himself from cultural or political fetters. These works may be ephemera, which he captures on film or video—images that literally explode into being, or simulated landmines that detonate when visitors walk on them.

As a bearer of ancestral Chinese culture, Cai holds Western art up for examination as a form of inverse exoticism, shifting familiar ground by displacing his spectators and the way their eyes move. Sometimes, as in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 14 December 1958, in Antwerp.

Draughtsman, watercolourist, installation artist, performance artist, director, scenographer, film writer.

Jan Fabre attended the art academy and the arts and crafts institute in Antwerp. He is a visual artist, but also a choreographer, dancer and playwright (his first play was written in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Augsburg.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, sculptor, photographer. Figures, nudes, landscapes. Stage costumes and sets.

New Fauves.

Hacker attended the art academy in Munich before settling in Berlin. In 1974, he was guest professor at the school of fine art in Hamburg. After producing works ascribable to kinetic art, Hacker became interested in the problems of creative activity, and displayed them in exhibitions alongside objects based on popular art. In ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 19 June 1891, in Berlin-Schmargendorf; died 1968, in Berlin.

Painter, photomontage artist, photographer. Stage sets.

Dada.Berlin Dada, ASSO Group (Association of Revolutionary Figuration Artists)

John Heartfield was an apprentice in a Wiesbaden bookshop in 1905-1906. He was a pupil at the school of decorative arts in Munich ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1936, in Golfe-Juan.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor of assemblages, sculptor (bronze), collage artist, draughtsman, film producer. Stage costumes and sets.

Nouvelle Figuration, Citationism.

Nouveaux Réalistes group.

Martial Raysse studied art in Nice. Although he never studied there, he had numerous friends at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. In October ...

Article

Tato  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in Bologna; died 1968 or 1974, in Rome.

Painter, photomontage artist. Genre scenes, interiors, figures, landscapes, still-lifes. Murals, stage sets.

Futurism.

A self-taught artist, Tato lived in Bologna and then Rome. He was called up in 1915 and remained in the army until the end of the war. In 1919, he was involved in the setting up of the second Futurist group in Bologna. In 1925, he opened a 'House of Futurist Art' in Bologna and then ran a photographic agency....