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Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 2 February 1823, in Paris; died 1907, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, designer. Church interiors, landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views. Stage sets.

Philippe Chaperon was set designer at the Opéra in Paris, producing most of the sets for French subsidised theatres, as well as the main theatres in France and abroad and the Expositions Universelles. He painted watercolours based on nature. He was the father of Eugène and Émile Chaperon, who took over from him....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 19 September 1913, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Figures, portraits, landscapes, flowers. Church decoration, stage sets.

Symbolism.

The son of Roger Maillart, the painter, and grandson of Diogène Maillart, Jean Denis studied under Devandez and Orthon Friez. He was awarded the Médaille de Vermeil de la Ville de Paris in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19 April 1869, in Ropczyce; died 1946, in Wadowice.

Painter, engraver. Allegorical subjects, portraits, interiors, still-lifes, landscapes. Stage sets, church decoration, designs for stained glass.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Józef Mehoffer studied at the Cracow academy from 1887 to 1889...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1871, in Paris, France; died 13 February 1958, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, potter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes. Stage sets, designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Georges Rouault completed his primary education in 1885 and was apprenticed to stained-glass artists – first the Tamonis, then Hirsch. He received a direct offer from Albert Besnard for stained-glass windows for the School of Pharmacy to be made from his design sketches, but he refused out of loyalty to his employer. He was encouraged to consider painting as a career, having been introduced to the appreciation of art by his grandfather, Alexandre Champdavoine, who, modest white-collar worker though he was, knew and admired Honoré Daumier, Gustave Courbet, and Édouard Manet. Rouault achieved entry to the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1891, first in Elie Delaunay’s studio, then in Gustave Moreau’s (where he met Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Rudolf Lehmann, Henri Evenepoel, and others). Though he failed twice at the Prix de Rome, he won the Prix Chenavard in 1894 and, by 1900, he had obtained a mention and a bronze medal. In 1903, as Gustave Moreau’s executor, he became the curator of the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1863 or 1864, in Paris; died 6 October 1927, in Morlaix.

Painter. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, landscapes. Stage sets.

Symbolism.

Nabis group. School of Pont-Aven.

After a good secondary education, Louis Sérusier entered the Académie Julian and attended the Doucet studio. He was enthusiastic, enterprising and a fine speaker, and very active in the academy, which also trained Maurice Denis, Bonnard, Vuillard, K.X Roussel, Ranson, René Piot and Ibels. They used to gather in a restaurant in Brady Passage, where they discussed the aesthetics of Plato and the School of Alexandria, whose esotericism interested Sérusier. In 1895 and 1904 he travelled with Maurice Denis and discovered the Italian and German primitives, absorbing lessons in decoration from some and expressive violence from others. After another journey to Munich in 1907, he became a teacher at the Académie Ranson in Paris from 1908, as a result of which he wrote his ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 5 August 1920, in Brooklyn, New York; died 27 March 2011, in Hartland, Vermont.

Painter. Scenes with figures, portraits, religious subjects. Stage sets.

Symbolism, American Magical Realism.

George Tooker studied at the Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, then at Harvard and with Reginald Marsh and Paul Cadmus at the Art Students League of New York ...