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Article

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born in Triguero; died 1905.

Painter. Figures, portraits, landscapes.

A student of Valeriano Domínguez Bécquer at the Real Academia de San Fernando in Madrid, Aguado took part in the national art exhibitions staged in the Spanish capital in 1892, 1895, 1897...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1783, in Rochefort-sur-Mer (Charente-Maritime) or in Lautrec (Tarn), according to other sources; died 26 January 1858, in Vanves (Hauts-de-Seine).

Painter. Panoramas, stage sets.

Jean-Pierre was the son of the painter and decorative artist Pierre-Joseph Alaux and brother of the painters Jean Alaux (known as 'the Roman') and Jean-Paul Alaux ('the Gentle'). He studied under Pierre Lacour the Elder and Horace Vernet at the École des Beaux-Arts in Bordeaux. He moved to Paris in ...

Article

Russian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1754, in St Petersburg; died 1824, in St Petersburg.

Painter, watercolourist. Urban landscapes, architectural views, still-lifes. Stage sets (?).

The son of a retired soldier employed as a custodian at the fine arts academy in St Petersburg, Alekseev trained there ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1803, in Lambeth (London); died 1852, in London.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist. Genre scenes, landscapes, panoramas. Stage sets.

Son of a schoolteacher in Hammersmith, Joseph William Allen completed his studies at St Paul's School and worked for a period in a college at Tawton before returning to London to work for an art dealer. He became a painter in his own right and an associate of Charles Tomkins and Clarkson Stanfield. He played an active role in the establishment of the Society of English Artists, of which he was secretary. He taught drawing and composition at the newly created City of London College....

Article

Amable  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 February 1846, in Rouen; died 1917.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Stage sets.

The son of an actor, Amable had his stage debut in a pantomime at the Funambules Theatre on Boulevard du Temple in 1852, which casts doubt on his accepted date of birth, and then played at the Comte Theatre in ...

Article

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born 1862, in Madrid.

Painter. Stage sets.

Amoros took part in several national art exhibitions in Madrid, including that of 1901. He worked as a scene painter for the leading theatres in Madrid and other major Spanish cities. His appointment as court painter suggests that the great and the good held him in the same high esteem as the wider public....

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 September 1862, in Geneva; died 29 February 1928, in Nyon.

Painter, scenographer. Stage sets.

Appia was a man of the theatre: a musician, stage designer and director. He created stage decors where space is punctuated by simple vertical, horizontal and slanting lines, playing on the contrasts between black, grey and white....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1790, in Estagel near Perpignan; died 1855, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Waterscapes, harbour scenes.

London, 28 May 1987: View of Sydney Harbour (1819, watercolour, in situ sketch, 11½ × 18 ins/28.9 × 45.7 cm) GBP 25,000

London, 26 Sept 2002...

Article

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born 18 July 1807, in Granada.

Painter.

Having begun his artistic training with the set designer Luis Muriel, Aranda later concentrated most of his efforts on painting scenery. He worked for theatres in Saragossa and Valencia, as well as for Teatro de la Cruz and Teatro del Príncipe in Madrid and the Teatro de Liceo in Barcelona. He also produced a series of lithographs....

Article

Belgian, 19th century, male.

Born 1839, in Ostend; died 1913.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver (including etching). Figures, portraits, nudes, landscapes, seascapes. Stage sets.

Lionel Baes was a student at the Antwerp academy and later became director of the free academy of Brussels. He painted scenery for theatres in Namur and Louvain, and he also produced landscape etchings....

Article

Kenneth Archer

[Rosenberg, Lev (Samoylovich)]

(b Grodno, Belarus, May 10, 1866; d Paris, Dec 27, 1924).

Russian painter and stage designer of Belorussian birth. Born into a middle-class Jewish family, Bakst was educated in St Petersburg, attending a gymnasium and then the Academy of Arts (1883–6). He began professional life as a copyist and illustrator of teaching materials but quickly moved on to illustration for popular magazines. His tastes were influenced and horizons enlarged when he met Alexandre Benois and his circle in 1890. Bakst travelled regularly to various countries in Europe and North Africa and studied in Paris with a number of notable artists including the French Orientalist painter Jean-Léon Gérôme at the Académie Julian and, from 1893 to 1896, the Finnish landscape painter Albert Edelfelt. Returning to St Petersburg, he became active as a book designer and fashionable portrait painter. With Benois and Serge Diaghilev he was a founder and leading member of the World of Art (Mir Iskusstva) group in 1898...

Article

Piero Pacini

(b Turin, Aug 18, 1871; d Rome, March 1, 1958).

Italian painter, sculptor, stage designer, decorative artist and actor. He was one of the originators of Futurism (see Furttenbach [Furtenbach; Furttembach], Josef [Joseph], the elder) and was particularly concerned with the representation of light and movement. His personal interest in scientific methods of analysis contributed to both the practical and ideological bases of the movement. His oeuvre from the Futurist period overshadowed the work of later years.

Balla was self-taught and began painting in Turin. In 1895 he settled in Rome. At the age of about 25 he painted some lively sketches of urban life that are characterized by a thick impasto, for example the series Machietta romana (1898; Rome, priv. col., see Lista, 1982, nos 12–17) and landscapes showing familiarity with the divisionism practised by the northern Italian artists Giuseppe Pelizza da Volpedo, Giovanni Segantini and Vittore Grubicy de Dragon, for example Luci di marzo (...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1820, in Paris; died 18 October 1867, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman. Landscapes, urban views, scenes with figures. Stage costumes.

Hippolyte Ballue studied under Diaz and exhibited at the Paris Salon between 1842 and 1851, chiefly vividly coloured views of Paris, Sicily and Algeria, but also theatrical costumes....

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born at the beginning of the 19th century, in Saxony.

Sculptor. Busts.

In 1824, while still a student, Wilhelm Baudisch took part in the Breslau Exhibition. During the same year he executed the bust of the stage manager Stawinsky, a Niobe...

Article

Vincenzo Fontana

(b Rome, March 5, 1873; d Rome, March 30, 1939).

Italian architect. His father, Luigi Bazzani, was a painter and stage designer. Bazzani graduated in civil engineering from the university in Rome in 1896. In 1899 he won the competition for the international art scholarship with a plan for a cathedral in an Italian Gothic Revival style. His first significant building was the Alterocca printing company building (1907) at Terni, in Stile Liberty. He was joint winner with Raimondo D’Aronco and Ernesto Pivovano of the architectural prize at the Esposizione de Sempione, Milan (1906). A number of important competition-winning schemes followed. In 1905 Bazzani won the competition for the façade of S Lorenzo (unexecuted) in Florence, which stood him in good stead for his entry for the Biblioteca Nazionale (won 1907; completed 1935) at Santa Croce. An eclectic Renaissance building, its structure picked out in grey against white, it already suggests a putative monumentalism and sits awkwardly in its Florentine context. In ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1875, in Verviers; died 1936, in Heusy.

Painter, draughtsman. Nudes, portraits, flowers. Posters, stage costumes and sets.

A student of Omer Ierickx at the academy of fine arts in Liège, he decorated the ceilings of the town hall in Louvain, produced sets and costumes for the stage and made posters....

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1857, in London; died 1929, in Philadelphia.

Painter, stage designer, actor, writer.

Edward Hamilton Bell studied at the Slade School of Art in London. He exhibited at the Royal Society of British Artists on Suffolk Street in London from 1873 to 1881...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 7 October 1797, in Paris; died 14 September 1871, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects, landscapes, landscapes with figures, architectural views. Stage sets, church decoration.

Barbizon School.

A pupil of Bidauld, Ingres and Girodet-Trioson at the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, François Bertin exhibited at the salon quite regularly from 1827 to 1853. He was the son of the founder of the ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1826, in Darmstadt; died 1903.

Painter. Landscapes. Stage sets.

Karl Beyer studied under Peter App and created many stage sets for the Hoftheater in Darmstadt as well as several landscapes.

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1860, in Lyons; died 3 March 1905, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Figures. Stage costumes.

Charles Bianchini began as a designer of costumes for revues and in 1893 was appointed artist to the Paris Opéra. He also produced costume designs for the Opéra-Comique and other companies, designs which were always right for the roles and for the physique of the actors involved....