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Monica McTighe

American photography foundation and publisher. Aperture magazine was founded in San Francisco in 1952 by American photographers Ansel Adams, Dorothea Lange, Barbara Morgan, Minor White, Ernest Louie, Melton Ferris, and Dody Warren, with writer–curators Beaumont Newhall and Nancy Newhall. They intended the organization to serve as a forum for discussing photography, to exhibit photographers’ work, and to raise the profile of art photography in the United States.

The journal Aperture, which began publication in 1952, dedicated itself to the practice of photography as a fine art and thus distinguished itself from popular and commercial photographic periodicals. In this way the journal emulated Alfred Stieglitz’s Camera Work (1903–17). Photographer Minor White was the journal’s first editor and, under his tenure, it became concerned with the capacity of photography to deal with spirituality and profound human experiences. The first issue included the work of Dorothea Lange, Ansel Adams, and French photographer Lisette Model. All contributors were urged to write about their own work. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 3 June 1954, in St Louis (Missouri).

Book artist, educator. Artists’ books.

Carol June Barton earned her BFA in painting from Washington University in St Louis. Working as an administrator at the Glen Echo Park Arts Center, Washington, DC, she was invited to participate in her first artists’ book project. Her book, an edition of 200 titled ...

Article

(b Nashville, TN, Nov 30, 1945).

American graphic designer. Carson studied fine art and art history at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, graduating in 1966. She started her career as a graphic designer in 1967 working for United Methodist Publishing House, Nashville, TN, designing magazines and educational materials. Working with limited budgets and for readers ranging from children in kindergarten to adults, she learnt to communicate with varying age groups. Drawing on her magazine design skills, she began work for Color Productions in 1968. Producing international magazines gave her exposure to the full-spectrum of design production, illustration, and final press production. When the company resources diminished in 1970, Carson took a position at Design Graphics, a Nashville art studio.

In 1973 she landed a job at Scholastic Publishing House designing their early childhood magazine Let’s Find Out. Teaming up with editor Jean Marzollo, she worked with nationally known illustrators and photographers to make the children’s stories and educational material easy for children to relate to. This partnership lasted far beyond her tenure there, leading to collaboration on the ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1973, in Hong Kong.

Video artist, multi-media artist, activist, and publisher. Artists’ books

Paul Chan spent his early childhood in Hong Kong but immigrated to Omaha, Nebraska, in his youth. He began his BFA in video and digital arts at the Art Institute of Chicago in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1963, in Inglewood (California).

Book artist, printmaker (letterpress). Papermaking.

Julie Chen received her BFA in printmaking from the University of California, Berkeley in 1989. While a student she founded Flying Fish Press. She began graduate studies in book arts at Mills College in Oakland in ...

Article

British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1964, in Wakefield (West Yorkshire), England.

Curator, writer, artist, publisher. Artists’ books.

After studying fine art at Newcastle Polytechnic (now the University of Northumbria), in 1988 Matthew Higgs moved to London. Building on his interest in mail art and alternative distribution strategies, as well as his history of zine making as a teen, he began publishing the experimental, anonymous ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1944, in Brooklyn, New York.

Active in London.

Poet, writer, publisher. Artists’ books, conceptual writing.

Sarah Jacobs was educated at Vassar College, New York and Girton College, Cambridge, UK. Her work as a poet developed into publishing and making artists’ books. These have increasingly manipulated pre-existing texts, for example, Conrad’s ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1950, in Prague.

Active in Rosendale (New York).

Printmaker, photographer, draughtsman, paper maker. Installation art, artists’ books.

Women’s Studio Workshop.

Tatana Kellner was born in Prague and grew up in communist Czechoslovakia as the daughter of Holocaust survivors. After the Soviet invasion in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 15 April 1947, in Lexington (Kentucky).

Artist, printmaker, writer, teacher, photographer. Artists’ books

Susan King was born and grew up in Kentucky, where she graduated from the University of Kentucky with a BA in art. After college she worked for Byron Temple Pottery in Lambertville, New Jersey. From there she moved to Las Cruces, New Mexico and obtained an MA at New Mexico State University. After hearing Judy Chicago speak at her school, she travelled to Los Angeles to be part of the experimental Feminist Studio Workshop at the Woman’s Building, a public centre for women’s culture. King stayed in Los Angeles and began making artists’ books at the Women’s Graphic Center. She founded Paradise Press and opened her own studio in West L.A. King returned to Kentucky in ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1955, in Germany.

Active in England and Brittany, France.

Installation artist, photographer, printmaker, writer, editor, educator. Artists’ books, artists’ multiples.

Sharon Kivland studied at Liverpool School of Art and at the London College of Printing. Later she took a masters degree at Goldsmith’s College, London (...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 31 August 1913, in Brooklyn, New York; died 29 March 2009, in New York, New York.

Photographer, filmmaker and film editor. Portraits, documentary photography.

While working for a commercial portrait photographer in the Bronx in 1931, Levitt familiarized herself with documentary photography through books and exhibitions. Inspired by the work of Henri Cartier-Bresson, she bought a Leica, which enabled her to photograph inconspicuously on the streets of New York. She befriended Walker Evans and helped him print work included in his ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 20 July 1940, in Philadelphia; died 20 June 2015, in New York.

Photographer, photojournalist.

Raised in the suburbs of Philadelphia, Mary Ellen Mark earned her BFA in painting and art history from the University of Pennsylvania in 1962. Two years later, she earned her master’s in photojournalism at that institution’s Annenberg School of Communication, where she discovered her ardent passion for photography. From ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 January 1947, in New York.

Book artist, publisher, scholar.

Richard Minsky studied economics at Brooklyn College and Brown University. He began a PhD at the New School for Social Research before dropping out to pursue printmaking and publishing. He worked for a time as a photographer and binder at the Hirshhorn Museum, where he was inspired to create artists’ books. In ...

Article

(b Norman, OK, Sept 28, 1952).

American painter, draughtsman, and printmaker. He studied under John Baldessari and others at the California Institute of the Arts in Valencia, CA (1973–5). While working in the art department of a publisher of romance and pornographic magazines, he gathered together photographs from the company’s archives, later using them as source material for his paintings. His soft-core pornographic depictions of women drew frequent criticism from reviewers and critics. After producing performances and installations in the late 1970s, he began in 1979 to make paintings in which he overlaid images in different styles based on found sources, as in The Flesh Made Word (1979; Rotterdam, Mus. Boymans–van Beuningen). Although he acknowledged the example of the Transparencies series painted in the late 1920s and 1930s by Picabia, a more immediate point of comparison for works such as Good Bye D. (1982; Richmond, VA Mus. F.A.)—with their references to popular sources and kitsch and jarring juxtapositions of styles—was in work produced in the 1960s by artists associated with Pop art, notably James Rosenquist and Sigmar Polke. During the 1980s and early 1990s he was one of the most influential young painters working in a representational idiom. Splicing recognizable elements from canonical artworks together with laid-on transitional passages made from a range of straight photographs, grisaille adaptations, vintage magazine ads, and drawn-on elements, Salle created visual puzzles and unusual juxtapositions with emotional impact, as in the diptych ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 12 September 1958, in Boston.

Book artist. Papermaking, installation art.

Robbin Ami Silverberg received a degree in art history and sculpture from Princeton University in 1980. She then spent three years studying bookbinding at the Werkstatt fur Buchgestaltung (Workshop for Book Design) in Vienna. In ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 2 May 1938, in Tipton (Indiana).

Active in Rochester (New York).

Bookmaker, photographer, printmaker, teacher. Artists’ books.

Keith Smith received his BAE degree from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in 1967, studying printmaking and photography, and an MS in photography from the Illinois Institute of Technology in ...

Article

[SAH]

Professional organization devoted to the study of architecture worldwide. Founded in 1940 by a small group of students and teachers attending summer session at Harvard University, the Society of Architectural Historians (SAH) has grown into the leading professional and scholarly organization in the world concerned with various aspects of the built environment. With a membership of around 2700, composed of architectural historians, architects, planners, preservationists, students, and other individuals interested in the subject, as well as nearly 1000 institutions worldwide, it publishes a scholarly periodical, the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, whose topics range from antiquity to the present day around the world; a monthly electronic Newsletter; and a multi-volume book series of detailed guides to the architecture of the individual American states, Buildings of the United States (BUS). The Society sponsors an annual meeting, held each year in a different part of the USA or Canada, or occasionally elsewhere, where members present scholarly papers, discuss these papers and other architectural topics, explore the area via a series of tours, and learn of the award of a number of prizes for notable accomplishments in the field, as well as designation of Fellows of the Society for lifetime contributions to architectural history. These include four book awards, the Alice Davis Hitchcock, Spiro Kostof, Elisabeth Blair MacDougall, and Antoinette Forrester Downing, for architecture, the built environment, landscape architecture, and preservation, respectively; the Philip Johnson Exhibition Catalogue Award; the Founders’ Award for the best article published in the ...

Article

Kate Palmer-Albers

(b Minneapolis, MN, 1969).

American photographer, publisher, and book artist. Soth graduated from Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville, NY, where he studied painting and took classes with photographer Joel Sternfeld. He came to prominence in 2004 with Sleeping by the Mississippi, which was included in that year’s Whitney Biennial. That project, shot in large-format colour on road trips along the Mississippi River, established many of the ongoing themes of his major bodies of work, such as freedom, isolation, dreams, and desire. Soth’s career is characterized by a restless visual curiosity that manifests in multiple aesthetic forms: he worked fluidly among photographic formats, including digital and online platforms, and sought out experimental modes of engagement with his audiences. In 2004 he was nominated for the esteemed photojournalism collective Magnum, and became a full member in 2008.

In many of his larger projects, such as Niagara (2006), Broken Manual (2010), and Songbook...

Article

Marjorie Devon

Printing company based in Los Angeles, CA. The Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Inc. and the subsequent Tamarind Institute are recognized for their role in the preservation of the art of Lithography in the United States and abroad. While fostering the collaboration between an artist and a skilled master printer to make fine art lithography accessible to artists who work primarily in other media, Tamarind has established the highest quality standards for the field and initiated now commonly-followed procedures such as documenting edition details and affixing the symbols of the workshop and the printer on each impression. Tamarind’s research and experimentation have resulted in the development and refinement of processes and materials that have expanded the creative potential of the medium. Tamarind-trained printers hold teaching positions and have staffed or founded studios around the world. Hundreds of artists have made thousands of lithographs in collaboration with Tamarind printers and Tamarind lithographs have been exhibited in more than 50 countries....

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1954, in Concord (New Hampshire).

Active in Ireland from 1997.

Artist, writer, photographer, editor, printmaker, bookmaker. Artists’ books.

Erica Van Horn studied fine arts at California State University, Hayward under the tutelage of printmaker Misch Kohn. She received an MFA in printmaking from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in ...