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Brazilian, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1738, in Vila Rica (now Ouro Prêto), Minas Gerais; died 18 November 1814, in Villa Rica.

Sculptor.

Aleijadinho studied European style from engravings and prints in contemporary journals of architecture. He was fascinated by the elaborate Rococo style and southern German religious representations. He was given the nickname Aleijadinho (the little cripple) because of an illness that progressively destroyed his fingers and toes from ...

Article

Vanina Costa

(b Nantes, Sept 17, 1907; d Paris, May 8, 1977).

French painter, sculptor, draughtsman and poet. He moved in 1926 to Paris, where he became involved with Surrealism, soon afterwards publishing his first collection of poems, Opoponax (Paris, 1927). In 1934 he exhibited a series of automatic drawings, which were followed by images produced with the assistance of objets trouvés: in Street Object (1936; Paris, Pompidou), for instance, he placed a sheet of paper on the road and then drove a car over it so as to leave the imprint of the tyre tracks. Another work of this period consisted of a bus sign bearing the same letters as his initials, so that it could be read as his signature. He also produced assemblages in a Surrealist spirit, such as Morphology of Desire (wood, plaster, metal, candle and torch, 1934–7; Paris, Pompidou). After World War II Bryen turned increasingly towards painting, through which he became a leading exponent of ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1937, in Zurich.

Sculptor. Figures, nudes.

Former journalist and photographer Ruth Richard moved to France in 1963 and followed sculpture and architecture classes at the annex to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. She sculpts in bronze, frequently on a monumental scale. She has participated in group exhibitions in France, the USA and China....

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1962.

Born 1936, in General Roca.

Sculptor.

Kinetic Art.

Vanarsky began by studying architecture before working as a cartoonist and journalist in Argentina. He also worked in painting studios before going to Paris and settling there.

Although a painter first and foremost, in ...

Article

Mayching Kao

[ Yang Yingfeng ; Yang Yuyu ]

(b Yilan, Taiwan, Dec 4, 1926).

Chinese sculptor and painter . He studied architecture, sculpture and painting in Tokyo, Beijing, Taipei and Rome. In a long and productive career as art editor, teacher and artist, Yang won critical acclaim as the foremost sculptor and landscape architect in Taiwan, receiving numerous prestigious commissions for sculpture and environmental design in Taiwan and abroad. Yang’s artistic development reflected the crystallization of his personal experience in the fast-changing modern world and his study of Chinese and Western art. His art evolved from realism in the 1950s to semi-abstraction in the early 1960s, when modern art movements emerged in Taiwan. Deeply influenced by Chinese philosophical concepts of the harmony of man and nature as well as the unity of life and art, Yang turned to abstraction in the late 1960s. His monumental works in cast bronze and stainless steel attempted to capture the life force of nature and the changing relationship of solids and voids within art and its environment....