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John-Paul Stonard

[Eshel, Meir]

(b Tel Aviv, Dec 26, 1964; d Paris, Oct 10, 1993).

Israeli sculptor. He adopted the name Absalon on his arrival in Paris in the late 1980s. During his short career he achieved widespread recognition for the 1:1 scale architectural models that he constructed of idealized living units. These wooden models, painted white, demonstrate an obsession with order, arrangement and containment, and have associations both of protective shelters and monastic cells. They were designed to be placed in several cities and to function as living-pods for the artist as he travelled. Exhibiting a series of six ‘cellules’ in Paris in 1993, he described how they were fitted both to his body and to his mental space, but were also able to condition the movements of his body in line with their idealized architecture. Although he denied their apparent utopianism, the sculptures can be viewed as the reduction of the utopian aims of early modern architecture (as seen in the work of the Constructivists, de Stijl and Le Corbusier) to the level of individual subjectivity. This suggests both the failure of architectural social engineering and its inevitable basis in subjective, anti-social vision. Absalon’s habitational units also have an element of protest. In an interview for the ...


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 20 January 1951, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator.

Agid began his studies in 1970-1971 by taking one course of teaching and research on the environment. He studied architecture between 1971 and 1976, before registering in fine arts at the Université de Paris VIII....


American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in New York.

Sculptor, painter, installation artist. Murals.

Ricci Albenda studied at the Rhode Island School of Design, including courses in architecture, receiving a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1988. His interest in architecture (as well as in graphic design and physics) figures prominently in his installation art, in which he creates environments which challenge the viewer's spatial perceptions. He uses such materials as fibreglass, wallboard, aluminium and acrylic paint. In his exhibition ...


German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Hamburg.

Born 1954.


Jürgen Albrecht has had solo shows in Germany and France.

His minimalist-shape structures reveal an architectural space delineated by light and shadow. These luminous 'boxes' invite meditation.

Paris (FNAC)

Barak, Ami...


(b Chicago, June 5, 1947).

American performance artist, sculptor, draughtsman, and writer. She completed her BA in art history at Barnard College, New York, in 1969 and had her first one-woman show there in 1970, exhibiting sculptures and drawings among other works. She then trained as a sculptor at Columbia University, New York, receiving her MFA in 1972. Much of her work has built on her childhood instruction as a classical violinist, and she achieved popular notoriety in 1981 when her song ‘O Superman’ became a popular hit in England. Her first performance piece, Automotive, took place in 1972 at Town Green in Rochester, VT, and involved a concert of car horns. In 1974 she staged another music-based performance entitled Duets on Ice in which she appeared at four different locations on New York sidewalks wearing a pair of ice skates with their blades frozen in blocks of ice, and she proceeded to play one of several altered violins until the ice melted into water. In subsequent years, she has continued to work primarily as a performance artist, using projected photographs, films, texts, and music to create technologically sophisticated and elaborately staged events. Many of these performances have featured instruments of her own invention. The most famous of these was a violin with a recording head on its body and a strip of audio tape in the place of the hairs on its bow. This piece allowed her to play the human voice as an instrument by changing its speed and cadence with the movements of her arm. The most complex and spectacular of her performances, ...


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Paris.

Sculptor, draughtsman.


Jean Anguera is the grandson of the sculptor Pablo Gargallo. He graduated in architecture in 1978 (UP2) in Paris. He also attended lectures by César Baldaccini at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris (...


(b Geneva, June 24, 1948).

Swiss draughtsman, performance artist, painter, and sculptor. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Geneva (1966–7) and at the Glamorgan Summer School, Britain (1969). Armleder is known primarily for his involvement with Fluxus during the 1960s and 1970s, which included performances, installations, and collective activities. He was a member of the Groupe Luc Bois, based in Geneva in 1963. In 1969, with Patrick Lucchini and Claude Rychner, he was a founder-member of the Groupe Ecart, Geneva, from which stemmed the Galerie Ecart (1973) and its associated performance group (1974) and publications. Armleder’s first exhibition was at the Galerie Ecart in 1973, followed in the same year by one at the Palais de l’Athénée, Geneva. The anti-establishment and anti-formalist philosophy of the Fluxus groups continued in Armleder’s mixed-media works of later years, which include the Furniture Sculpture of the 1980s. In works that couple objects (second-hand or new) with abstract paintings executed by Armleder himself, and which often refer ironically to earlier modernist abstract examples, he questioned the context in which art is placed and the notion of authenticity in art. Such concerns continued to appear in his work. Armleder’s ...


American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in New York and Berlin.

Born 1949, in Columbus (Ohio).

Installation artist, sculptor, mixed media, video artist. Multimedia.

Judith Barry studied finance, architecture and art at the University of Florida, graduating in 1972. She received an MA in Communication Arts from New York Institute of Technology in ...


Cecile Johnson


(b Long Beach, CA, March 14, 1941).

American installation artist, painter, printmaker and sculptor. Bartlett studied at Mills College, Oakland, CA (1960–63), and at the Yale School of Art and Architecture, New Haven, CT (1964–5). The progressive approach to modern art taught at Yale and the nearby thriving art scene of New York were instrumental in her early development (1963–early 1970s). Bartlett’s first one-person exhibition was in New York (1970) in the loft of the artist Alan Saret. Nine-point Pieces (1973–4), a later work, was shown at the Paula Cooper Gallery in New York and was experimental both conceptually and materially. Her ambivalent use of systems to establish an order and to oppose it allowed her to explore the material and the conceptual process of making images and objects. Rhapsody (1975–6; priv. col., see exh. cat., p. 21), one of her best-known installations, consists of 988 steel plates covered with screenprint grids and hand-painted Testors enamel and hung on a wall (2.28×47.86 m). Each plate exists individually and in relation to its adjoining plate and may be read vertically or horizontally, creating a mesh of stylistic variability exploring both figurative and non-figurative motifs. Another work of the 1970s is ...


(b New York, Dec 22, 1960; d New York, Aug 12, 1988).

American painter, sculptor and draughtsman. Basquiat showed an early interest in drawing, and he was encouraged by his mother’s interest in fashion design and sketching and by his father’s gifts of paper brought home from his office. From as early as 1965 Basquiat’s mother took him to the Brooklyn Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art and MOMA, and from 1966 he was a Junior Member of the Brooklyn Museum. Early influences on Basquiat’s art include his avid reading of French, Spanish and English texts, his interest in cartoon drawings, Alfred Hitchcock films, cars and comic books, such as MAD magazine and its main character, Alfred E. Neuman. While attending the City-as-School (1976–8), an alternative high school, he encountered the Upper West Side Drama Group and the Family Life Theatre and invented ‘SAMO’ (Same Old Shit), a fictional character who earns a living selling ‘fake’ religion. He also met, collaborated with and became a close friend of ...


Jorge Glusberg

(b Buenos Aires, Aug 7, 1947).

Argentine sculptor and architect. After studying architecture he began in 1967 to make multiple color projections of shadows, continuing in 1968 to work with light apparatuses. He then traveled on a French Government scholarship to Paris, where he began to create multiple superimposed images using acrylic shapes laid on top of flat mirrors. He became involved with the Groupe d’Art Constructif et Mouvement and turned to spheres within cubes or other spheres. After this he experimented with inflatable sculptures and back projections of photographs, and later with Books (e.g. Summa geometrica, 1979, see Glusberg 1985, 133) and Megacubes, which consist generally of ruins or landscapes rendered unfamiliar. As an architect he worked on the Recoleta Cultural Center (1972–1979; with Clorindo Testa and Luis Benedit) in Buenos Aires. He was a founder-member of Grupo CAYC.

Glusberg, J. Del Pop-art a la Nueva Imagen. Buenos Aires, 1985, pp. 133–138.Tager, A....


Romanian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 30 May 1947, in Turnu-Magurele.

Sculptor, engraver.

As well as training as an artist, Gabriela-Silvia Beju trained as an architect, graduating from the N. Grigorescu Institute of Fine Arts in 1971, from the Special School of Design in Cologne in ...


Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951, in Benimamet (Valencia).

Sculptor, draughtsman.

Santiago Calatrava trained first as an artist and then as an architect, and was awarded a civil engineering diploma in Zurich. As an architect, Calatrava is known for the central railway station in Zurich and for a number of bridges in Spain. His work as a sculptor and draughtsman is not simply a response to or draft of his architectural projects, but a three-dimensional creation supported by an organic approach to form. He draws inspiration from the articulation of the human body and the structures of plants and works in materials such as fine woods, marble and metal. He held the first major exhibition of his work at the Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno in ...


Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1962, in Barcelona.

Sculptor, video installation artist, photographer, scenographer.

Colomer studied art history at Universitat Autònoma, in Barcelona, and then studied architecture at Escola Tècnica Superior in Barcelona. He lives and works in Barcelona. He produces scenography for the theatre, notably for Valère Novarina's play ...


Mexican, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Guadalajara.

Painter, sculptor. Figures, scenes with figures, circus scenes.

In 1971, Alejandro Colunga gave up studying architecture in order to join a circus.

He depicts figures, magicians, imaginary creatures and incredible scenes which border on caricature and display elements of Expressionism, Surrealism and a fantastical imagination. His technique is very elaborate and displays a particularly rich appreciation of colour, harmony and contrast. He beautifies ugliness, horror and the monstrous....


Italian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 14 November 1949, in Morro d'Alba (province of Ancona, Marche).

Sculptor, draughtsman, painter, mixed media, potter. Figures, landscapes, architectural views.


Enzo Cucchi is 'the third C' of the Italian Transavangardia movement, with Sandro Chia and Francesco Clemente. He spent some time at the school in Macerata working in conceptual art and also as a restorer. He lives and works in Ancona and Rome....


Catherine Lampert

(b Prestatyn, Clwyd, Jan 18, 1941; d Santa Eulalia, Ibiza, Aug 31, 2009).

English sculptor and printmaker. He grew up in England and studied architecture briefly and then sculpture at Birmingham College of Art and Crafts between 1957 and 1958, and at St Martin’s School of Art, London (1964–6). While a student he associated with dancers, poets and potters; he later stressed the importance of such temporary involvements. Alternating between abstract and figurative images and a variety of techniques, Flanagan maintained a consistently ironic attitude towards sculpture, an emphasis on the intrinsic qualities of the materials and an idiosyncratic lightness of touch that endowed the objects with a sense of vulnerability and impudence.

During the late 1960s Flanagan created temporary works of poured sand and draped cloth (e.g. One Camion Sand Piece, 1969; see 1969 Krefeld exh. cat., no. 18) and his own upright biomorphic forms made of stitched, dyed hessian filled with plaster and sand such as aaing j gni aa...


Alberto González Pozo

(b Mexico City, Oct 19, 1942).

Mexican architect and sculptor. He studied architecture from 1959 to 1966 at the Universidad de Guadalajara, where he also attended Olivier Seguin’s sculpture studio. He worked at first in Guadalajara, where his Large Gate (1969) in the Jardines Alcalde, which gives symbolic access to a new urban development, is made up of concrete prisms. The Fountain of Sister Water (1970), Colonia Chapalita, is an experiment in Brutalism, with rough surfaces of exposed concrete, while the structure (1972) at the entrance to the Parque González Gallo deploys bold projecting forms contrasting with the neighbouring trees. In 1972–3 he designed the Tower of Cubes, Plaza Vallarta, Guadalajara, and the Large Spike, Calzada de Tlalpan, Mexico City, both vertical monuments constructed from prefabricated concrete prisms. He next exploited the expanses of urban squares, breaking up the flatness of their surfaces, for example with inserted bodies of water and irregularly placed cube-shaped ‘islands’ in the Plaza de la Unidad Administrativa (...


Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1955, in Recife.

Sculptor, installation artist, draughtswoman. Architectural integration.

Ester Grinspum's first vase-shaped sculptures were an early exploration of the open-closed, full-empty relationship found in her piece Free Access ( Einfang), a monumental cavern that invites the viewer to enter and explore the shadow within. Her drawings, composed of thin sheets of very fine paper, offer the same type of experience but through transparency.Ester Grinspum has taken part in numerous collective exhibitions, including: 20th São Paulo Biennale (...


Swiss, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1958, in Zurich.

Sculptor. Architectural integration.

Haerle studied sculpture and architecture. He teaches drawing and he lives and works in Zurich. Haerle produces geometric figures constructed on the ground or as murals, comprising steel forms and areas of concrete, assembled with wires. Rigorously respecting the laws of gravitation, his structures emphasize the effects of tension, which govern all aspects of architecture....