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Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born in Durazzo in Albania; died 1504, in Spalato.

Sculptor, architect.

Andreas Alexii was the son of slaves and spent his whole life in Dalmatia, mainly in Spalato. He worked principally on the restoration and repair of chapels. Among his works are the chapel of St Catherine in the church of St Dominic in Spalato, the chapel of St Jerome and St Nicholas in the church of St John the Baptist (no longer in existence) in the town of Arbe on the island of the same name, and the Gothic baptismal chapel in the church in Arbe. In ...


Italian, 15th century, male.

Sculptor, architect.

Around 1423, Antonio di Romagna was summoned to Apulia by Bishop Angelo of Troja to direct, together with Giacomo della Marca, the restoration work at the cathedral that had begun in 1407.


Philippe Durey

(b Le Havre, June 21, 1750; d Paris, April 15, 1818).

French sculptor, draughtsman and engraver. He arrived in Paris in 1765 to become a pupil of Augustin Pajou. Although he never won the Prix de Rome, he appears to have travelled to Rome in the early 1770s. About 1780 or 1781 he was involved in the decoration of Claude-Nicolas Ledoux’s Hôtel Thélusson, Paris. From 1784 to 1785 he carried out work at the château of Compiègne, including the decoration of the Salle des Gardes, where his bas-reliefs illustrating the Battles of Alexander (in situ) pleasantly combine a Neo-classical clarity of composition with a virtuosity and animation that are still Rococo in spirit.

Beauvallet was approved (agréé) by the Académie Royale in 1789. During the French Revolution he was a passionate republican and presented plaster busts of Marat and of Chalier (1793–4; both destr.) to the Convention. He was briefly imprisoned after the fall of Robespierre in ...


Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1509, in Gandino near Bergamo; died 1579, in Madrid, in 1569 according to the Larousse Dictionary.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including wash), architect, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Wall decorations, frescoes.

After a study trip to Rome, paid for by his protector Tobia Pallavicini, Giovanni Battista Castello (Il Bergamasco) produced a series of works in Genoa and Bergamo. His best-known works in Bergamo include the fresco ...


French, 18th century, male.

Active in Rouen.

Architect, sculptor.

He worked mainly in churches, on restoration works, and built and decorated altars.


French, 18th century, male.

Born 16 July 1682; died 7 June 1763.

Painter, sculptor, architect.

The son of Claude Dubreuil, Jean Baptiste Dubreuil worked with him on the restoration of the door of Lyons town hall, and decorated several rooms there.


(b Stuttgart, Feb 2, 1789; d Hassfurt, Sept 28, 1865).

German architect, painter, sculptor, printmaker and writer. He belonged to a large family of artists descended from Franz Joseph (Ignatz Anton) Heideloff (1676–1772), who was a sculptor and possibly also a painter. He was trained by the architect Nikolaus Friedrich von Thouret, the sculptor Johann Heinrich von Dannecker and the painter Johann Baptist Seele. He also studied mural painting as assistant to his father, Victor (Wilhelm Peter) Heideloff (1757–1817). As a young man he became interested in Gothic and Romanesque architecture, and while he was in Mainz in 1814 he made the acquaintance of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (reg 1826–44), who employed him as his architect until 1821. In 1822, having settled in Nuremberg, he was appointed curator of the city’s historical monuments; he used this position to encourage widespread interest in early German art and to rescue many examples from destruction. He also taught at the local Polytechnische Schule from its foundation in ...


French, 12th century, male.

Sculptor, architect.

In 1120 Iterius worked on the restoration of the abbey of St-Martin, Auxerre.


Congolese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 27 August 1948, in Kimbembele Ihunga (now in Democratic Republic of Congo).

Sculptor. Architectural views.

Bodys Isek Kingelez is self-taught. He lives and works in Kinshasa. After working on the restoration of traditional masks, Kingelez launched out into making maquettes in paper, cardboard, plastic or adhesive, inspired by the colonial architecture of the 1930s and 1950s. He makes meticulous, perfectly designed maquettes of imaginary furniture from pieces of recycled paper and cardboard. Each of his extraordinary creations, decorated with symbols, flags or signs, is accompanied by a text with a long descriptive commentary....



French, 15th – 16th century, male.

Sculptor, architect.

From 1499 to 1519, Laloy worked on the restoration of the former cathedral of St Stephen in Agen, which has now been destroyed. He rebuilt the main belfry tower, the pillars of the chancel and the cloister. He was also an architect....


French, 17th century, male.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features.

In 1653, Legrue was admitted as a member of the Académie de St-Luc in Paris and in 1659 was commissioned by Cardinal Mazarin to carry out the restoration of the classical works in the Château de Vincennes. From ...


Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 1818, in Lausanne; died 1895, in Lausanne.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features.

David Lugeon studied in Geneva, Lyons and Paris. He devoted himself to Gothic art and supervised the restoration of several cathedrals in France. He carrved many of the monsters decorating the towers of Notre-Dame in Paris, reproducing the Gothic style with impressive precision. He also worked on the dungeon in Vincennes, and at the Ste-Chapelle. He restored Lausanne Cathedral upon his return to the city in ...


Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Switzerland and France.

Born 1862, in Poissy, France, to Swiss parents.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features, art restorer.

Raphaël Lugeon was the son of the sculptor David Lugeon and worked under the direction of his father on the restoration of Lausanne Cathedral, after which he perfected his art at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. He worked in Paris on the decoration of the Hôtel de Ville and the Basilique du Sacré Coeur. Finding himself in demand in Lausanne, he interrupted his activities in Paris to return to Switzerland and continue the restoration of the cathedral there. He took part in the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris in ...


Adriano Ghisetti Giavarina

(b Caravaggio; d Rome, before June 27, 1543).

Italian architect and sculptor. He was a pupil of the sculptor Andrea di Piero Ferrucci. From c. 1527 to 1532 he was supervisor of the Fonte di S Pietro, Rome. He was conservator of the gilded ceilings of the basilica of S Maria Maggiore until 1541, and from c. 1542 he was also the architect to the Camera Apostolica (Vatican Works Office), a post he held until his death. For Angelo Massimo, Mangone constructed the Palazzo di Pirro (initiated c. 1533). In this, his first architectural work, he appears as a faithful follower of the severe style of Antonio da Sangallo (ii) with whom he worked on the decorations (1534) for the coronation of Pope Paul III and the fortifications (1537–43) of Rome. In 1535 he worked on the palazzo in Rome of Giacomo Simonetta, Cardinal of Perugia, and in 1536 he planned alterations to the convent of the Serviti attached to the church of S Marcello al Corso. In the same year, he executed the monument to ...


Deborah Cullen

[MoMA] (New York)

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) was founded in 1929 by patrons Lillie P(lummer) Bliss, Cornelius J. Sullivan and Rockefeller family §(1) to establish an institution devoted to modern art. Over the next ten years the Museum moved three times and in 1939 settled in the Early Modern style building (1938–9) designed by Philip S. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone that it still occupies at 11 West 53 Street. Subsequent renovations and expansions occurred in the 1950s and 1960s by Philip Johnson, in 1984 by Cesar Pelli and in 2002–4 by Yoshirō Taniguchi (b 1937). MoMA QNS, the temporary headquarters during this project, was subsequently used to provide art storage. In 2000, MoMA and the contemporary art space, P.S.1, Long Island City, Queens, announced their affiliation. Recent projects are shown at P.S.1 in Queens in a renovated public school building.

According to founding director, Alfred H(amilton) Barr...


Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Urbino.

Born 15 November 1759; died 25 May 1848.

Sculptor, painter, architect, art restorer. Religious subjects.

A pupil of Michelangelo Dolci, Francesco Rondelli succeeded his master as professor at the academy in Urbino. He carved a number of figures of angels in Urbino Cathedral as well as painting a ...


French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 February 1873, in Lyons; died 27 July 1951, in Paris.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features, art restorer. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers. Monuments, statues, busts, objets d'art.

Art Nouveau.

Pierre Vaudrey was orphaned at the age of four and went into the care of his grandfather, who trained him as an ornamental sculptor in stone. He completed his training in evening classes at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons, and was also a self-taught student of mathematics, solid mechanics, astronomy and botany. In ...



French, 19th century, male.

Born 1824, in Strasbourg; died 11 January 1904, in Strasbourg.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Assisted in the restoration work on Strasbourg Cathedral.