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British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1963, in England.

Book artist, printmaker, graphic designer, installation artist, art director, writer, educator. Community art, environmental art.

After a Foundation course at Lanchester Polytechnic, Lanchester (1981–1982), Les Bicknell studied graphic design at the London College of Printing (...

Article

(b Brooklyn, NY, Nov 4, 1940).

American graphic designer, installation artist and design educator. De Bretteville attended Abraham Lincoln High School in Brooklyn, NY, and was included in the school’s Art Squad by teacher and artist Leon Friend, who submitted his students’ work to national competitions. She received a prestigious Alex Award, named after the designer Alex Steinweiss, also a former member of the Art Squad. She received a BA in art history from Barnard College, New York in 1962 and received her MFA in the graphic design program at Yale University’s School of Art in 1964. She joined the faculty of the California Institute of the Arts (CalArts) and founded the first design programme for women in 1970. In 1981 she founded the communication design programme at the Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles (now the Otis College of Art and Design), which was at the time affiliated with the Parsons School of Design in New York. In ...

Article

Cecilia Suárez

(b Quito, Sept 8, 1939).

Ecuadorean painter, graphic designer, sculptor, installation artist, architect and teacher. He studied architecture at the Universidad Nacional de Bogotá, Colombia. He worked for the Graham Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC, and received a grant to attend the Center for Advanced Visual Studies at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, where he worked with György Kepes. Later he became a professor at the arts faculty of the Universidad Central, Quito. Bueno worked first in graphic design before going on to experiment with the incorporation of technology into art, using laser beams, mechanical pumps, plastic, glass and such elements as water, fire and air, for example in 49 Tubes, exhibited at the Bienal de Arte Coltejer in Medellín in 1972. He also combined visual art with music in such works as Flame Orchards, with music by Paul Earls, which won joint first prize with Kepes in the same exhibition. Exploration into ecological and environmental art led him to experiment with the idea of an aerial view of the urban landscape incorporating military camouflage sheets....

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 1974, in Crawley, England.

Book artist, printmaker, graphic arts, public art.

Lucy Harrison received her BFA in graphic arts from the Kent Institute of Art & Design in 1997. She began producing artists’ books and multiples while studying printmaking at the Royal College (...

Article

Swedish, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1967, in Sweden.

Installation artist, photographer.

Annika von Hausswolff produces installations in the form of environments, in which objects, the atmosphere and photographic works interact.

1996, São Paulo Biennale

1998, Sightings, Institute of Contemporary Art, London

1999, Venice Biennale...

Article

South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 28 April 1955, in Johannesburg.

Draughtsman, engraver, graphic designer, film producer, sculptor, theatre and opera designer and producer. Multimedia, animated films.

Land Art.

Although William Kentridge has practised his creativity in many domains and in a wide range of media (animated films, land art, sculpture, printmaking, theatre and opera design and production, installations), it is chiefly his large-scale charcoal drawings in process (drawing for animation) and his unique, short, animated films and their projection that have given him international fame....

Article

Finnish, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Viipuri.

Environmental artist.

Olavi Lanu studied in his native Finland and in Paris in the late 1940s. From 1959 to 1975, he lectured in graphic arts at the high school in Laune. Towards the end of the 1950s, Lanu's vividly coloured landscapes and portraits mutated into dark monochromes as his work became increasingly abstract, but his colour palette gradually lightened again over time. His technique involved the addition of fine coloured sand to his oils in a bid to impart an impression of low relief. Subsequently, he began adding wood, iron, aluminium and resin to create a rough grid pattern....

Article

Canadian First Nations (Ojibwa), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 14 March 1931 or 1932, near Beardmore (Ontario); died 4 December 2007, Toronto.

Painter, graphic artist. Figures, animals, Native American subjects.

Woodland Art School.

Norval Morrisseau, an Ojibwa (Anishnaabe) raised traditionally by his grandparents on the Sand Point Reserve near Lake Nipigon, called himself a ‘born artist’ and received no formal art training. In his childhood, he spent a short period at a residential school in Thunder Bay before returning to his family home in Beardmore. He was much influenced by the Ojibwa stories told by his grandparents, and during a life-threatening illness he was given a ceremonial name, Copper Thunderbird, which he signed in Cree syllabics on some of his paintings....

Article

Bailey Van Hook

(b Bergen Heights, NJ, June 10, 1874; d Philadelphia, PA, Feb 25, 1961).

American painter, illustrator, stained-glass artist and author. Although she worked as an illustrator early on, Oakley is remembered as a muralist. Oakley attended the Art Students League, New York, Académie Montparnasse, Paris, and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, but, most importantly, a class in illustration with Howard Pyle at the Drexel Institute, Philadelphia. Pyle teamed her together with Jessie Willcox Smith (1863–1935) to illustrate an edition of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s Evangeline (1897). Smith and Oakley and another illustrator, Elizabeth Shippen Green (1871–1954), rented adjoining studios in Philadelphia and subsequently lived together in a supportive camaraderie until Green’s marriage in 1911. During her brief career as an illustrator, Oakley completed over 100 illustrations, mostly for novels and short stories.

In 1900 she created a stained-glass window on speculation, which led to a major commission for stained-glass windows, mural decoration and a mosaic altarpiece for a church in Manhattan. That project brought her to the attention of architect Joseph Huston (...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Sculptor, environmental artist.

Marie Françoise Poutays creates iron rods that are open to environmental space, functioning like porticos or calligraphic signs in the void. She was the subject of an exhibition in the contemporary galleries of the Musée National d'Art Moderne in Paris....

Article

Alissa Walker

(b Brooklyn, NY, May 26, 1931; d Los Angeles, CA, Aug 19, 2014).

American graphic designer and environmental designer . During a summer school at Black Mountain College in 1948, Sussman was exposed to the visual arts by a distinguished faculty including Merce Cunningham, John Cage and Franz Kline. She attended Bard College at Annandale-on-Hudson, NY, for painting and acting and specialized in graphic design at the Institute of Design in Chicago. In 1953 Sussman was invited to join the office of influential designers Charles and Ray Eames in Venice, CA, where she worked intermittently for the next decade, leaving briefly to accept the Fulbright Scholarship to study at the Hochschule für Gestaltang in Ulm. As art director of the Eames office, Sussman designed furniture showrooms, films and printed materials, and worked on revolutionary museum exhibits for IBM, the Ford Foundation and the government of India. In 1964 she travelled to India to assemble the project Nehru: The Man and His India.

Upon leaving the Eames office, Sussman founded her own practice in ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1955 (naturalised French citizen).

Born 1931, in Cairo.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), graphic designer, assemblage artist, environmental artist, screen printer.

Kinetic Art.

Constantin Xenakis moved to Paris in 1955, where he studied at the Académie de la Grande-Chaumière. In ...