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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 May 1943, in Wichita (Kansas).

Sculptor, environmental artist, performance artist, video artist.

Terry Allen studied at the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles, receiving a BFA in 1966. His work is inspired by his travels in Mexico, Thailand, China and Colorado. He has taught at California State University Fresno (...

Article

Sofia Hernández Chong Cuy

American installation artists, active also in Puerto Rico. Jennifer Allora (b Philadelphia, Mar 20, 1974) graduated with a bachelor’s degree in art from the University of Richmond, Virginia (1996), and Guillermo Calzadilla (b Havana, Cuba, Jan 10, 1971) graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the Escuela de Artes Plastica in San Juan, Puerto Rico (1996). Allora and Calzadilla met in Italy in 1995 during a study abroad program in Florence. They then lived together in San Juan for a year before moving to New York City where they started working collaboratively while each participated in different residency and study programs. In 1998–1999, Allora participated in the year-long Whitney Independent Study Program, while Calzadilla participated in the P.S.1 Contemporary Arts Center National Studio Program.

Allora & Calzadilla’s first important international exhibition was the XXIV Bienal de São Paulo in 1998 curated by Paulo Herkenhoff, which investigated the idea of cultural cannibalism known in Brazilian literature as ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist, intervention artist, performance artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Body Art.

The beginnings of Borgeaud's work, as it was to develop subsequently, can be dated from 1969, the year of the exhibition event ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Geneva.

Intervention artist, mixed media.

Conceptual Art.

Gérard Ducimetierre stages interventions and events, making observations on what he calls the planetary environment. He will launch an event simultaneously in different places around the world; these are ephemeral moments with no real importance, intended as an examination of the behaviour of a neutral object (such as a piece of paper) which is discarded at the same time in several towns around the globe. Alternatively, he will look at an object from a different angle, for example by planting a tree upside down....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Turin; died 22 June 2007, in Milan.

Sculptor, installation artist, environmental artist, performance artist.

Arte Povera.

Luciano Fabro lives and works in Milan. His creations may seem entirely disparate, to which he responds that coherence between different elements across all sections of a work seem unnecessary to him, and that a deeper coherence is provided by the very identity of the artist.His creations are enormously diverse in their appearance, but it has been suggested by Fabro himself that what links them is that they all fall within the domain of Arte Povera. This is convenient, given that the artists using this concept (first coined by Germano Celant in ...

Article

Czechoslovak, 20th century, male.

Born 15 July 1937, in Velké-Hradné.

Assemblage artist, environmental artist, happenings artist.

Conceptual Art.

Stano Filko studied at the higher college of fine art in Bratislava. He began exhibiting in his country, Italy and France.

Filko attracted attention with complex assemblages of religious images and erotic photographs ...

Article

Saudi, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1973, in Khamis Mushait, Saudi Arabia.

Performance, photography, installation, sculpture.

Abdulnasser Gharem graduated from King Abdulaziz Academy in 1992 and then attended the Leader Institute in Riyadh, working within the Saudi government and becoming a lieutenant colonel in the army. Although he had no formal art training, the artist painted in watercolours and investigated modern and contemporary Western art through the Internet. In ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in Glasgow.

Video installation artist, environmental artist, video artist, performance artist, photographer.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Douglas Gordon studied at the Glasgow School of Art from 1984 to 1988 and at the Slade School in London from 1988 to 1990...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 June 1937, in Nashville (Tennessee).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist, environmental artist, installation artist, film maker.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

Born Charles Rogers Grooms, the red-headed Red Grooms studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (1955...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Born 1915, in Wielopole; died 1990, in Cracow.

Happenings artist, environmental artist, collage artist, painter (gouache), draughtsman.

Conceptual Art.

Cracow Group.

Tadeusz Kantor lived and worked in Cracow. He received his first artistic training at the academy of fine arts in Cracow until 1939. In 1947, in association with artists who had taken part in the underground theatre activities he had organised during the German occupation of Poland, he founded the ...

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in Germany.

Born 1 September 1938, in Copenhagen.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, performance artist, environmental artist. Landscapes.

Neo-Impressionism.

Fluxus, Nouveaux Fauves.

Per Kirkeby took a doctorate in geology and has participated in several scientific expeditions to Greenland, central America, central Asia and Ireland. In the 1960s, he was a member of the experimental art school in Copenhagen, which was close to the Fluxus group, and, in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1933, in New York.

Performance artist, environmental artist.

Neo-Dadaism, Fluxus.

Paris (FNAC): Wild Goose Moon; Jibway (1991)

Paris (Prints Collection)

Beaumont-Maillet, Laure/Woimant, Françoise/Pernoud, Emmanuel: De Bonnard à Baselitz - Dix ans d'enrichissements du Cabinet des estampes 1978-1988...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 23 February 1921, in Zambesi River, near Victoria Falls, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe); died 1 January 2006.

Painter, assemblage artist, environmental artist, performance artist.

Conceptual Art.

John Latham trained at Chelsea School of Art in London from 1946 to 1950. His aesthetic approach considers painting as an instantaneous experience, indissociable from our perception of the real world - hence his interest in the industrial landscape. His works incorporate real objects, notably books, as seen in his celebrated ...

Article

David Spalding

(b Ha Tien, Nov 16, 1968).

Vietnamese conceptual artist. Lê was born near the Cambodian border, but fled with his family when his hometown was invaded by the Khmer Rouge in 1979. Lê moved to Los Angeles and studied photography at the University of California, Santa Barbara and received his MFA from the School of Visual Arts, New York in 1992. In 1989, while at the University of California, Lê enrolled in a class on the Vietnam War (1955–75) that emphasized American hardship. This sparked Lê’s earliest public art project, Accountability, a series of posters that Lê put up on his college campus (reproduced in 1992 for Creative Time, New York, Washington, DC, and Los Angeles). These posters juxtaposed American media images of the Vietnam War with explicit pictures of Vietnamese suffering, accompanied by captions detailing the damage done to Vietnam. The desire to intervene in dominant perceptions of the Vietnam War propelled Lê for much of his artistic career....

Article

Irish, 20th century, male.

Active in England, from 1957 in Canada.

Born 6 October 1935 or 1936, in Dublin.

Happenings artist, environmental artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Les Levine showed an early interest in photography, and enrolled at the Central School of Art and Design in London before embarking on a career as a designer, notably of jewellery. Despite this early success, he emigrated to Canada in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 6 November 1944, in Glasgow.

Performance artist, painter, sculptor, installation artist, printmaker, ceramicist.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Bruce McLean studied at Glasgow School of Art (1961-1963), and at St Martins School of Art in London (1963-1966) under Anthony Caro, Phillip King and William Tucker. He has taught at the Croydon School of Art (...

Article

Cuban, 20th century, female.

Active in the USA.

Born 1948, in Havana; died 1985, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, performance artist, video artist, photographer.

Land Art, Body Art.

Ana Mendieta's family left Cuba for political reasons. She studied in the USA at the University of Iowa and began as a painter before making a radical change of direction. Ana Mendieta died in mysterious circumstances. From ...

Article

Czechoslovak, 20th century, male.

Born 1934, in Zilina.

Sculptor of assemblages, happenings artist, environmental artist.

Conceptual Art.

Alex Mlynarcik was a pupil at the school of fine arts in Bratislava and then at the academy of fine arts in Prague from 1959 to 1965. In Paris he was particularly active during the student uprisings of the Sorbonne in May ...

Article

(b Mason City, WA, Sept 6, 1938; d New York, NY, Jan 21, 2011).

American conceptual and performance artist. He studied art at California College of Arts and Crafts, Oakland, CA (1959–64) and at Stanford University, Stanford, CA (1964–5). His early work was Land art and involved large-scale outdoor projects documented by photographs. In Directed Seeding—Cancelled Crop (1969; see 1974 exh. cat.), he organized the planting of a field of wheat at Finsterwolde in Holland according to a specific pattern and then had a huge cross shape harvested out of the grown crop. He prevented any of the crop from being sold, an act he likened to ‘stopping raw pigment from becoming an illusionistic force on canvas’ (1974 exh. cat.). In the early 1970s he turned to such performance works as Reading Position for Second Degree Burn (1970; see 1974 exh. cat.), in which he lay in the sun for five hours with a book across his chest so that his skin burned, leaving a silhouette of the book. He saw this as a form of painting....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 29 April 1939, in Wattenscheid.

Sculptor, installation artist, action artist, draughtsman, video artist, painter.

Body Art, Land Art.

Klaus Rinke once stated the following in a truncated autobiographical note: '1954-1966: Made rather pathetic attempts at painting... ...