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Sofia Hernández Chong Cuy

American installation artists, active also in Puerto Rico. Jennifer Allora (b Philadelphia, 20 March 1974) graduated with a bachelor’s degree in art from the University of Richmond, Virginia (1996) and Guillermo Calzadilla (b Havana, Cuba, 10 Jan 1971) graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the Escuela de Artes Plastica in San Juan, Puerto Rico (...


Venezuelan, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Santo Domingo.

Environmental artist, sculptor.

Domingo Alvarez was an architect and his sculptural work was limited to the creation of practical environments, a form of plastic expression that was characteristic of the 1960s and 1970s.


Anne K. Swartz

American muralist, activist and teacher. Born to Mexican–American parents, Baca is recognized as one of the leading muralists in the USA. She was involved from a young age in activism, including the Chicano Movement, the antiwar protest and Women’s Liberation. She studied art at California State University, Northridge, where she received Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees. Baca started teaching art in ...


Cecilia Suárez

Ecuadorean painter, graphic designer, sculptor, installation artist, architect and teacher. He studied architecture at the Universidad Nacional de Bogotá, Colombia. He worked for the Graham Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC, and received a grant to attend the Center for Advanced Visual Studies at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, where he worked with ...


Mexican, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 19 August 1938, in Mexico City.

Sculptor, environmental artist, assemblage artist.

Robert Graham creates 'environments', assemblages which create a space in which figures that appear real are situated. Graham's interest in the revival of realism had repercussions for his work and his audience....


Puerto Rican, 20th century, male.

Sculptor, draughtsman.

Land Art.

Jan Henle lives and works in Puerto Rico. He works on site, restoring the land to its virgin state, free from civilisation, then captures the landscape through photography. In 1966 the Wooster Gardens Gallery in New York held an exhibition of his work....


Courtney Gerber

American painter and installation artist. She studied first at the Memphis Academy of Art (1965), then at the University of the Americas, Mexico City (1966–7) and finally at the St Martin’s School of Art, London (1968–9). She had her first solo exhibition in ...


Aleca Le Blanc

(b Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, 1971). Brazilian installation artist. Lucas studied at the Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), where she earned her BA (1993) and MFA (1999). She received her PhD in 2008 from the Escola de Comunicações e Artes at the Universidade de São Paulo (ECA-USP). Lucas’s projects confuse the distinction between public and private space, often questioning conventions associated with the display of art, including architecture, audience, and the permanence of the art object. In one of her best-known installations, ...


Susan Snodgrass

Chicago-based American sculptor also working in photography, video and installation. He received a BA in art and art history and a BA in Latin American and Spanish literature from Williams College in 1983. In 1989 he earned a MFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago....


Cuban, 20th century, female.

Active in the USA.

Born 1948, in Havana; died 1985, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, performance artist, video artist, photographer.

Land Art, Body Art.

Ana Mendieta's family left Cuba for political reasons. She studied in the USA at the University of Iowa and began as a painter before making a radical change of direction. Ana Mendieta died in mysterious circumstances. From ...


Argentinian, 20th century, female.

Born 1943.

Sculptor, environmental artist, happenings artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

In 1965 in collaboration with Ruben Santanonin, Marta Minujin created La Menesunda (Confusion) at the Torcuato Di Tella institute in Buenos Aires. The institute was founded in 1958 as a private initiative and encourages the expression of avant-garde art in Argentina. Her piece was a kind of polymorphous interior environment offering the public visual and tactile sensations. It included a closed-circuit video, a mirror gallery, air-stream blown confetti and corridors with soft surfaces. In ...


Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1964, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Sculptor, installation artist, environmental artist.

Ernesto Neto studied at the Pargua Lage Escolas de Artes Visuais in Rio de Janeiro. He lives and works in Rio de Janeiro. Neto is one of the best-known members of the new generation of Brazilian artists and is well known on the international scene. His sculpture reveals an indirect exploration of the body. He unfurls and stretches semi-abstract, semi-organic Baroque forms made of Lycra fabric and scented with spices. These engage both the sense of touch and of smell. As in ...


Venezuelan, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1950.

Born 5 June 1923, in Ciudad Bolivar; died 17 or 18 January 2005, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, environmental artist.

Op Art, Kinetic Art.

Jesús Rafael Soto came from a poor family. He began painting cinema signs when he was 16, then a scholarship took him to Caracas art school ...