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Article

Danish, 19th century, male.

Born 3 May 1818, in Odense; died 22 May 1879, in Copenhagen.

Engraver (wood).

Johan Peter, elder brother of the landscape painter Carl Frederik Aagaard, worked first as a shoemaker, following in his father's footsteps. He then went to Copenhagen, where he learned wood engraving. He showed for the first time at the annual exhibition of the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen in ...

Article

Norwegian, 19th century, male.

Born 3 September 1856, in Elverum; died 1 May 1904.

Painter, lithographer. Landscapes.

Olaf Alakram began his artistic education late in life. Around 1890 he worked with the painters Werenskojold and Gerhard Munthe in Oslo. He then went to train in Copenhagen under Zarhman in ...

Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 August 1871, in The Hague; died 19 October 1934, in Amsterdam.

Engraver, lithographer.

Johannes Josephus Aarts studied at the school of fine art in The Hague and became professor in graphics at the art academy of Amsterdam.

He executed wood engravings and etchings....

Article

Jan Jaap Heij

(b The Hague, Aug 18, 1871; d Amsterdam, Oct 19, 1934).

Dutch printmaker and painter. He trained at the Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague, where he subsequently taught graphic art (1893–1911). In 1911 he succeeded Pieter Dupont as professor in graphics at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam under the directorship of Antoon Derkinderen. In the early years of his career Aarts produced some paintings using the pointillist technique, mostly landscapes (The Hague, Gemeentemus.); he also carved some sculptures in wood. He is, however, best known for his graphic work. In technique and subject-matter, his prints have a great deal in common with those of Dupont. As the latter’s successor he devoted himself to the revival of engraving, which his predecessor had reintroduced; his own experiments in this medium (in particular his scenes with diggers and beggars, all c. 1900) are considered milestones in early 20th-century Dutch printmaking. He also applied his skills to etching, lithography, woodcutting and wood-engraving; of the latter his ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 May 1871, in Molenbeek-St-Jean; died 1942, in Ixelles (Brussels).

Painter, engraver. Portraits, landscapes.

Having initially studied at the school of decorative arts, Pierre Abattucci went on to the fine arts academy of Brussels where he was a pupil of Joseph Stallaert and Portaels. He spent considerable time in Italy in various places including Venice, Florence, Assisi and Rome. He showed at the Brussels International Exhibition in 1910. In 1901, 1903 and 1904 he executed albums for the Société des Aquafortistes Belges, of which he was a member. He was professor at the Molenbeek-St-Jean Academy of Art. His landscapes, such as ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 30 October 1858, in Étampes; died 1927, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, draughtswoman, illustrator. Allegorical subjects, genre scenes, portraits, interiors, flowers. Decorative panels.

Abbéma was a pupil of Chaplin, Henner and Carolus-Duran. Until 1926, she exhibited regularly at the Salon des Artistes Français, gaining an honourable commendation in 1881 and a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1900. She was made a Chévalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1906....

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 15 January 1812, in Krefeld; died 8 November 1889, in Düsseldorf.

Painter, engraver (etching/burin).

At 18, he enrolled at the academy in Düsseldorf as a pupil of J. W. Schirmer. He spent three years studying drawing and painting, working especially on landscapes, but soon gave these up in favour of engraving. In this medium, he worked from his own drawings or those of artists such as Andreas Aschenbach, Lessing or Scheuren to produce landscapes and views of Germany. A noted picture by him is of ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1763, in Exeter; died 1851.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, natural history (animals/insects).

John White Abbott took up painting initially as a hobby but became well known for his landscapes with animals and human figures. He was particularly influenced by the lesser Dutch masters, notably Peter de Laes. His work sufficiently impressed contemporaries such as Sir Joshua Reynolds and Benjamin West that they urged him to exhibit at the Royal Academy, and he submitted work to the Academy between ...

Article

Indian, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in either Kishoreganj or Mymensingh (both now in Bangladesh); died 28 May 1976, in Dhaka.

Draughtsman, engraver, painter, printmaker.

Zainul Abedin studied at the government school of arts and crafts in Calcutta (now Kolkata) from 1933 to 1938, and was later a teacher there. His work first came to be noticed when he produced a series of drawings of the Bengal Famine of ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 22 August 1764, in Aschach; died 1818, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver. Mythological subjects, portraits.

Joseph Abel's remarkable abilities became evident at a very early age. Taken on by Füger, he made such rapid progress that he was soon painting. He caught the attention of the head of the Czartoryski family, who took the young artist to Poland. There he did various works before moving to Rome, arriving in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 29 December 1857, in Versailles; died 9 September 1918, in Auxerre, on the battlefield.

Painter, pastellist, engraver. Historical subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Until 1890, Louis Abel-Truchet was a tradesman by profession, but he went on to become a pupil of both Jules Lefebre and Benjamin Constant at the Académie Julian. He joined up voluntarily in 1914, at the age of 57, as a lieutenant in the First Engineers Regiment and took command of a camouflage unit. He was later awarded the Croix de Guerre, as well as the Légion d'Honneur, which he had already received as a civilian....

Article

Swedish, 19th century, male.

Born 1864, in Sweden.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Landscapes.

Emil Aberg, a landscape painter, who also did etchings, is mainly known for his numerous drawings for illustrated magazines.

Article

Greek, 19th century, male.

Lived and worked at the monastery of Mount Athos in the middle of the 19th century.

Engraver (line-engraving).

An engraving by this Greek monk represents the Virgin enthroned, surrounded by the tribes of Jesse and a number of prophets. He is also noted for 24 small vignettes illustrating a Greek hymnal....

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 24 September 1800, in Winterthur; died 19 December 1872, in Winterthur.

Engraver, sculptor, medallist.

Son and pupil of the engraver Johann Aberli. His name crops up in Lyons in 1821 and Paris in 1823. Around 1825 to 1828 he worked in Winterthur. From ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born in Sotteville-lès-Rouen (Seine-Maritime).

Engraver (wood).

Abline gained an honourable mention at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1892.

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Active still active in Paris in 1831.

Born 1793, in Pesth.

Engraver.

Ablitzer studied under Baron Gros and Ruhière. His best-known work is his Portrait of Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, engraved in 1831 after Deveria.

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1 January 1836, in Mechelen, to French parents; died 1 April 1894, in Paris.

Engraver (etching/burin).

Abot studied under Gaucherel. He was among the artists retained by the publisher Goupil, whose titles included the journal L'Art and the Gazette des Beaux-Arts...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 7 January 1836, in Vitré (Ille-et-Vilaine); died 5 April 1895.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Landscapes.

Tancrède Abraham studied under Jules Noël and Nazon. He exhibited at the Salon from 1863 onwards and participated in several exhibitions of painting and engraving in provincial galleries. Abraham worked extensively at Château-Gontier, where he was appointed museum curator. As a landscape painter, he produced mainly paintings of his native region executed in watercolour and oils and distinguished by sustained light effects. His engravings are almost invariably taken from his own drawings, notably his series of etchings entitled ...

Article

Dutch, 19th century, male.

Born 22 March 1795, in 's-Gravenhage; died 17 June 1854, in 's-Gravenhage.

Lithographer, draughtsman.

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Engraver (steel), illustrator.

A pupil of Frommel. He gained a reputation as an engraver of finely executed landscapes and seascapes. Abresch was also a distinguished illustrator. Engravings by him occur in W. Tombleson's Views of the Rhine published in London in ...