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Cecile Johnson


(b Long Beach, CA, March 14, 1941).

American installation artist, painter, printmaker and sculptor. Bartlett studied at Mills College, Oakland, CA (1960–63), and at the Yale School of Art and Architecture, New Haven, CT (1964–5). The progressive approach to modern art taught at Yale and the nearby thriving art scene of New York were instrumental in her early development (1963–early 1970s). Bartlett’s first one-person exhibition was in New York (1970) in the loft of the artist Alan Saret. Nine-point Pieces (1973–4), a later work, was shown at the Paula Cooper Gallery in New York and was experimental both conceptually and materially. Her ambivalent use of systems to establish an order and to oppose it allowed her to explore the material and the conceptual process of making images and objects. Rhapsody (1975–6; priv. col., see exh. cat., p. 21), one of her best-known installations, consists of 988 steel plates covered with screenprint grids and hand-painted Testors enamel and hung on a wall (2.28×47.86 m). Each plate exists individually and in relation to its adjoining plate and may be read vertically or horizontally, creating a mesh of stylistic variability exploring both figurative and non-figurative motifs. Another work of the 1970s is ...


Romanian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 30 May 1947, in Turnu-Magurele.

Sculptor, engraver.

As well as training as an artist, Gabriela-Silvia Beju trained as an architect, graduating from the N. Grigorescu Institute of Fine Arts in 1971, from the Special School of Design in Cologne in ...


Catherine Lampert

(b Prestatyn, Clwyd, Jan 18, 1941; d Santa Eulalia, Ibiza, Aug 31, 2009).

English sculptor and printmaker. He grew up in England and studied architecture briefly and then sculpture at Birmingham College of Art and Crafts between 1957 and 1958, and at St Martin’s School of Art, London (1964–6). While a student he associated with dancers, poets and potters; he later stressed the importance of such temporary involvements. Alternating between abstract and figurative images and a variety of techniques, Flanagan maintained a consistently ironic attitude towards sculpture, an emphasis on the intrinsic qualities of the materials and an idiosyncratic lightness of touch that endowed the objects with a sense of vulnerability and impudence.

During the late 1960s Flanagan created temporary works of poured sand and draped cloth (e.g. One Camion Sand Piece, 1969; see 1969 Krefeld exh. cat., no. 18) and his own upright biomorphic forms made of stitched, dyed hessian filled with plaster and sand such as aaing j gni aa...


Canadian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950, in Montreal.

Painter, sculptor, engraver.

Raymond Lavoie's paintings mix abstract motifs and painted figurative forms - often architectonic in inspiration (plans, construction materials) - which are dispersed across the surface of the canvas. These elements thus become part of the skilfully arranged composition while at the same time retaining their individual significance....


Adrian Lewis

(b London, Dec 29, 1945).

English sculptor, painter and printmaker. As a student at Camberwell School of Art, London, from 1962 to 1967 and at the Royal College of Art from 1967 to 1968, he produced representational paintings of modern architectural imagery. These were followed in 1970 by a series of wall hangings made of resin, crayon and fibreglass titled Improved Reductions, for example 1 2 3 4 5 6 … B (1970; London, Tate), in which his painted copy of a sculpture by Anthony Caro was cut into strips and then reassembled into a parabolic shape. Elements of paintings and sculpture were also combined in his Infinity Drawings (e.g. Infinity Drawing (ID/16B/75), 1975; Brit. Council Col.), in which he used a plasterer’s comb to score surfaces painted with aquatec gel mixed with oxidized copper powder. Here the equation of fragmented patterns suggestive of mathematical symbols involves the spectator in games of mental transference....


Deborah Cullen

[MoMA] (New York)

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) was founded in 1929 by patrons Lillie P(lummer) Bliss, Cornelius J. Sullivan and Rockefeller family §(1) to establish an institution devoted to modern art. Over the next ten years the Museum moved three times and in 1939 settled in the Early Modern style building (1938–9) designed by Philip S. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone that it still occupies at 11 West 53 Street. Subsequent renovations and expansions occurred in the 1950s and 1960s by Philip Johnson, in 1984 by Cesar Pelli and in 2002–4 by Yoshirō Taniguchi (b 1937). MoMA QNS, the temporary headquarters during this project, was subsequently used to provide art storage. In 2000, MoMA and the contemporary art space, P.S.1, Long Island City, Queens, announced their affiliation. Recent projects are shown at P.S.1 in Queens in a renovated public school building.

According to founding director, Alfred H(amilton) Barr...


French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1956, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, engraver, draughtswoman, sculptor, illustrator. Stage sets, artists' books.

Mâkhi Xenakis is the daughter of Iannis Xenakis, the composer. After completing architectural studies, she turned to the design of stage scenery. When visiting New York in ...