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Article

Iraqi, 20th century, male.

Born 15 December 1940, in Mosul; died 2000, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, architect.

Kafakian Ardash moved to Paris in 1960 in order to study at the École des Beaux-Arts. He appears to have been influenced by the CoBrA group of painters and his work can be identified within the new figurative movement. His works feature expressive deformations and the fragmentation of his subject matter. He frequently based his work on mythical subjects, while the female body, perceived from a sexual-sadistic perspective, also features often in his painting....

Article

(b Rādāuţi, Bukovina, April 28, 1929; d Paris, April 29, 2010).

Israeli painter, draughtsman, printmaker and writer, of Romanian birth, active in France. The drawings he made in deportation from Nazi labour camps at the age of 13 and 14 saved his life by attracting attention to his precocious talent. In 1944 he emigrated to Israel, living in a kibbutz near Jerusalem and studying art at the Bezalel School in Jerusalem; after being severely wounded in 1948 in the Israeli War of Independence, he continued his studies in Paris (which he made his home in 1954) at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts (1949–51). He first made his name as an illustrator, for example of an edition of Rainer Maria Rilke’s The Way of Love and Death of Cornet Christopher Rilke (Jerusalem, 1953), for which he was awarded a gold medal at the Milan Triennale in 1954. From 1957 to 1965 he produced abstract paintings, such as Noir basse...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Active from 1948 active in Israel.

Born 16 December 1908, in Bucharest.

Painter, engraver, poster artist, graphic designer, decorative designer. Designs for tapestries, and stained glass windows.

He was an architecture student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he later studied painting at the Scandinavian Academy and at the Académie Julian ...

Article

Anis Farooqi

(b Jhelum, West Punjab [now in Pakistan], Dec 25, 1925).

Indian painter, sculptor, printmaker and architect. Totally deaf from the age of 13, he studied painting at the Mayo School of Art, Lahore, from 1939 to 1944, and then at the Sir Jamshetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art, Bombay, from 1944 to 1947. After independence and the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, he pursued his artistic career in India and for several years expressed in his work the anguish of the partition. From 1952 to 1954 he studied at the Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, and from 1953 to 1954 worked under David Alfaro Siqueiros on murals in University City, MI. He was also influenced by the work of the Mexican artist José Clemente Orozco, especially by his use of large forms and his treatment of human anatomy. In his paintings of this period, such as Despair (1954; oil, 0.9×0.9 m; New Delhi, N.G. Mod. A.) and ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1899, in Tottori Prefecture; died 1993.

Painter, engraver. Architectural views.

Sosaku Hanga.

First Thursday Society.

Hashimoto Okiie worked with Unichi Hiratuska and graduated from the fine arts university in Tokyo in 1924. He taught there and at the first girls’ school in Tokyo until ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1895, in Matsue (Shimane Prefecture); died 1997.

Painter, engraver (wood). Religious subjects, nudes.

Sosaku Hanga.

The grandson of an architect and son of a carpenter, Hiratsuka graduated from Matsue Commercial School before studying Western painting with Ishii Hakutei and Umehara Ryuzaburo and woodblock printing with Igami Bonkotsu. He exhibited woodblock prints in the ...

Article

Van Lau  

Mayching Kao

[Wen Lou]

(b Xinhui County, Guangdong Province, Sept 15, 1933).

Chinese sculptor and printmaker, active in Hong Kong. Van moved with his family to Vietnam in 1935 and studied architecture and fine arts in Taiwan from 1953 to 1958; in 1960 he settled in Hong Kong. He became an influential figure in the local arts scene, not only assuming a leading role as a sculptor of the modern school, but also active in arts administration, publishing, design, education and politics. In the 1960s, inspired by contemporary international movements, Van experimented in different styles and media. He subsequently returned to his native tradition for imagery and aesthetic concepts, though retaining a Western approach in formal organization. Thereafter, his focus has been metal sculpture in geometric formations suggesting vitality and organic growth. His fascination with movement, particularly flight, inspired his Space Form (Hong Kong, Space Mus.), completed in 1980, followed by numerous public commissions.

Wen Lou/The Art of Van Lau (exh. cat., intro. ...

Article

(b Flensburg, 1526/27; d ?Silesia, after Dec 31, 1588).

Danish draughtsman, engraver, woodcut designer, painter, architect, surveyor and author. Facts about his highly productive career, which ranged from Denmark to Turkey, come primarily from an autobiographical letter of 1 January 1563 (free English trans. in Fischer, 1990) to King Frederick II of Denmark to whom he owed allegiance by birth; also from inscribed works, his letters and mostly unpublished material in archives in Vienna, Hamburg, Antwerp and Copenhagen.

With some effort Lorck persuaded his well-connected parents to let him become an artist: he became apprenticed to a Lübeck goldsmith, whom he accompanied on business voyages in the Baltic and western Scandinavia. His earliest works are two engravings, one dated 1543, copying engravings by Heinrich Aldegrever. Prompted by the goldsmith, Lorck continued his training in South Germany and Italy. Engravings such as the Pope as a Wild Man (1545; Hollstein, no. 44), St Jerome in the Desert (...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1909; died 1980.

Print artist. Architectural views.

First Thursday Society.

Mori Doshun’s work was included in the exhibition Japanese Prints during the Allied Occupation, 1945–1952, held at the British Museum in 2002.

Gifu (MFA): Muroji Temple (Five Storied Pagoda) (...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Saitama Prefecture.

Engraver, draughtsman. Prints (woodblock).

Mori entered the department of graphic art at the Tokyo college of arts and trades, then turned to architecture and gained his diploma in 1944. He practises wood engraving and drawing. He took part in exhibitions organised by the association of independent artists and the Japanese academy of engraving and modern art, in which he won a prize in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1880, in Hong Kong; died 1959.

Engraver, painter, architect, writer.

Jules Andre Smith studied architecture at Cornell University. However, he soon turned to etching as a means of artistic expression. He served in the Army camouflage section in World War I and became one of the eight artists commissioned to record the activities of American Expeditionary Forces. He took an innovative approach to art, exploring new areas in a number of media - painting, sculpture, and print-making. He lived and worked in Pine Orchard, and served as director of the Research Studio in Maitland, Florida, which sought to encourage artistic experimentation. He exhibited his work, winning a gold medal in San Francisco for his etching....

Article

Laotian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1974.

Born 1950, in Vientiane.

Draughtsman, engraver (etching). Landscapes, architectural views.

Manthourath Sundara’s work has been shown at collective exhibitions, including in1992 at From Bonnard to Baselitz: A Decade of Acquisitions by the Prints Collection 1978–1988...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 6 August 1883, in Kandy, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), to British parents.

Painter, engraver (etching), lithographer. Architectural views.

Louisa Emily Thomson was taught by Fernand Sabatté in Rome and Francis Ernest Jackson.