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Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 25 September 1731, in Abbeville; died 7 December 1797, in Abbeville.

Draughtsman, engraver (etching/burin), print publisher.

He came to Paris when he was very young, and trained with Charles Dupuis and Laurent Cars. He quickly earned a reputation as a skilled engraver. His work is characterised by fine, fluid, deft strokes of the burin. He was granted the title of Engraver to the King and, on ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1772, in Nantes; died 1817, in Paris.

Draughtsman, engraver (etching/burin), print publisher.

Alexis Chataigner, a pupil of François-Marie Queverdo, was one of the most prolific engravers of the Revolution and the Empire.

Paris, 14 Dec 1935: The Husband's Departure...

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1660, in Paris; died c. 1730.

Draughtsman, engraver (burin), print publisher.

Jean Crépy was the brother of Louis Crépy and is best remembered for his portraits. Le Blanc attributes 35 plates to him.

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Paris.

Born c. 1680.

Draughtsman, engraver (burin), print publisher.

Louis Crépy made engravings after Le Brun, Lancret, Van Loo and Watteau.

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Versailles.

Draughtsman, engraver (burin), print publisher.

Article

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1756, in Paris; died 1806.

Engraver, draughtsman, print publisher.

Laurent Guyot studied under Tiliard. He made his debut at the Salon in 1793 with views of the countryside around Rome after Pernet, and several genre scenes after Mallet, Lheine, Garneray, and Bellanger. That so many well established artists should supply him with their subjects for reproduction suggests that he was already enjoying a healthy reputation. It can be surmised that Guyot, like many other young artists, was reluctant to exhibit in the restrictive academic climate of the time, which had seen the abolition of the Académie de Saint Luc. Even so, Guyot already ranked among the best colour engravers. At the ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 9 May 1695, in Orléans; died 11 June 1772, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features, print dealer.

There is much confusion about the biography and whereabouts of the Huquiers, apparently because of mistakes in earlier works about Gabriel and Jacques Gabriel. Le Blanc swaps their first names around, giving the father the names of the son. Bryan's Dictionary states that Gabriel died in London, yet there is a certificate of burial drawn up in the parish of St-Benoît for the 30 June 1772 to prove the opposite. His alleged flight to England following the publication of a pamphlet attacking the Jesuits and subsequently pinned on him has not been verified and fits better with what we know of Jacques Gabriel. Because of their place in the history of French engraving, it is a matter of no small importance to get as clear a view as possible of these artists....

Article

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Draughtsman, engraver, print publisher.

This artist was active in Amsterdam at the beginning of the 18th century. An engraver named Andries Kartensz. de Leth was married in that city in 1693. His work, which comprises nearly 200 leaves of Views of Holland...

Article

Austrian, 18th century, male.

Died 1807, in Vienna.

Engraver (wood/copper), painter, print publisher.

Loeschenkohl depicted contemporary events and characters. His principal plates include the Death of Empress Maria Theresa, New Year's Celebrations at Court, and a series of engravings on the French Revolution. He is also known for his ...

Article

Juliann Wolfgram

[Baiō]

(b 1686; d 1764).

Japanese print designer, painter, book illustrator and publisher. Although Masanobu’s artistic career spanned six decades, Edo-period (1600–1868) documents reveal little about his life. However, his prolific artistic output and technical innovations make him one of the leading figures of the early history of Japanese woodblock printing and ukiyoe (‘pictures of the floating world’, see Japan §X 2., (iii)). He began his career in 1701 with a copy of an album of courtesans known as Keisei ehon (‘Yoshiwara picture book’; Chicago, IL, A. Inst.) by Torii Kiyonobu I (see Torii family, §1). His earliest sumizurie (‘black-and-white pictures’) were based on the subject-matter and style of the Torii school and were published in sets of 12 large prints (ōban) or in illustrated books (ehon). Masanobu illustrated no less than 19 novelettes and produced over 30 ehon (see Japan §X 2.). During the formative stage of his career, Masanobu also wrote popular fiction, which led him to develop a pictorial means of conveying literary wit and humour. Through the production of visual parodies of classical themes, known as ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Paris.

Painter, engraver (burin), print publisher.

In 1716, Gilles Mortain published Plans, Profiles and Elevations of the City and Palace of Versailles, a series of plates engraved from his own drawings.

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Paris.

Painter, engraver (burin), print publisher.

Savinien Mortain collaborated with his brother Gilles.

Article

Ebba Krull

(b Augsburg, bapt Nov 2, 1721; d Augsburg, April 11, 1788).

German miniature painter, draughtsman, engraver and print publisher. He was trained in painting miniatures by his parents, Rosina Barbara Nilson (c. 1691–1763) and Andreas Nilson (c. 1690–1751), as well as by Hieronymus Sperling (1695–1777), and in copper engraving by Johann Lorenz Haid. After his father’s death Johann inherited his artist’s rights and founded a printing house in 1751, where he published some 70 series of prints after his own and other people’s designs (e.g. by Johann Evangelist Holzer, Boucher, Johann Elias Ridinger and Georg Philipp Rugendas), engraved by himself and others. He was appointed to the Prussian court in 1752 and received a commission for miniature portraits of the first 12 Brandenburg Electors (Berlin, Kstbib. & Mus.; Munich, Staatl. Graph. Samml.; Augsburg, Maximilianmus.). His marriage to a pastor’s daughter in 1755 aided his ascent from craftsman status: in 1761 he was appointed court painter to ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born in Paris.

Draughtsman, engraver, print dealer.

The son of François de Poilly the Younger and grandson of Nicolas the Elder, Antoine de Poilly is mentioned on his father's death certificate.

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 3 May 1671, in Paris; died 1723, buried the 17 April in Paris, in the parish of St-Benoît.

Draughtsman, engraver, print dealer.

François de Poilly II was the son of François de Poilly I and probably his pupil. Bellier and Auvray's dictionary confuses him with his father. His death certificate mentions his brothers: Charles de Poilly, an advocate in the parlement and Inspector General of Estates; Jean-Baptiste de Poilly, engraver and seller of line-engravings, and Nicolas de Poilly, a citizen of Paris. François II made engravings after Domenichino....

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Baptised the 8 May 1671 in Paris; died 1741, buried the 9 December in Paris.

Draughtsman, engraver, print dealer.

François de Poilly III was the youngest son of Nicolas de Poilly the Elder, and he was his pupil. He visited Italy with his cousin Jean-Baptiste de Poilly. While in Rome, he produced an important engraving after Zampierri showing ...

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Active in Paris in 1669.

Died 29 April 1728, in Paris.

Draughtsman, engraver, print dealer.

Most biographers have recorded Jean-Baptiste de Poilly as the son of Nicolas de Poilly, but the documents that survive do not support this. The mistake probably originated with Basan and has been repeated by all those later writers who used this source. In reality, Jean-Baptiste was the son of François the Elder, although the confusion is made more understandable by the fact that both François and Nicolas had sons born in ...

Article

Christiaan Schuckman

(b Amsterdam, April 2, 1711; d Amsterdam, December 18, 1779).

Dutch etcher, publisher, painter, actor-manager. He worked as an actor in Amsterdam between 1732 and 1745 and from 1753 to 1772, and in Rotterdam between 1773 and 1776. Judging from the comments of contemporary critics, he was best known for his recitations on the stage, sometimes shouted. He received his training as an etcher from Adolf van der Laan (c. 1684/90–after 1740), while Jacob de Wit taught him to paint. Later Punt himself gave lessons to Reinier Vinkeles and others. In 1765 he was a member of the Amsterdam Guild of St Luke. His engravings, which date from 1732 to 1779, cover a wide range of subjects and reproduce mainly the work of contemporaries (the exception being his prints of Rubens’s paintings for the Jesuit church in Antwerp; the drawings for these prints were by Jacob de Wit). Punt’s work includes figures, portraits and frontispieces as well as genre, historical and topographical subjects....