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(b Hobart, Aug 27, 1836; d Sydney, July 17, 1914).

Australian painter, printmaker and photographer of French descent. He studied painting at Cambridge House in Hobart, where he won the prize for drawing in 1849. Between 1850 and 1872 he worked as a draughtsman for the Tasmanian Survey Office, receiving additional instruction in art from Frank Dunnett (1822–91), a retired Scottish painter and engraver. In the mid-1860s he began exhibiting his paintings and made his first lithographed views, mostly of the River Derwent and its environs. In 1870 he received a bronze medal for his photographs at the Intercolonial Exhibition in Sydney. In 1872 he left his job and became Australia’s first native-born professional painter and a major artist working in the 19th-century Romantic landscape tradition, capturing the form and spirit of the vast Australian landscape. He spent much of the 1870s accompanying organized expeditions into the central and south-western wilderness of Tasmania in search of compelling subjects to paint. In ...


Janda Gooding

(b Melbourne, Aug 31, 1861; d Melbourne, Sept 4, 1946).

Australian painter, printmaker and curator, who worked mostly in Western Australia. While working in the photographic trade, Pitt Morison studied part time (1881–9) at the National Gallery School in Melbourne. He formed a friendship with the artist Tom Humphrey (1858–1922) and soon after he became associated with, and exhibited with, a group that included Tom Roberts and Arthur Streeton. The group, later known as the Heidelberg school, painted en plein air in the outer suburbs of Melbourne, around Box Hill and Heidelberg, experimenting with new theories of light and colour derived from the French Impressionists. Pitt Morison travelled to Europe in 1890 and studied at the Académie Julian in Paris under Jules Lefebvre and William Bouguereau..

Pitt Morison was forced to return to Australia in 1893, due to the collapse of Victorian banks and the subsequent loss of his income. A job in the photographic trade in Bunbury offered him an opportunity to move and he arrived in Western Australia in ...


Patrick Hutchings

( Helen )

(b Northam, W. Australia, 1939).

Australian painter, printmaker and photographer . She studied under William Boissevain (b 1927) from 1963–4 and under Henry Froudist (d 1969) from 1965–8, as well as at Claremont Technical College, producing paintings, prints and photographs, sometimes working across these media. Her photographs vary from modified images, such as Masks (1985; artist’s col.), to photographs of witty, well-contrived set-ups, for example, Weight Watchers Series (1983; Canberra, N.G. and Melbourne, Kodak Col.), which depicts views of feet and bathroom scales, mainly in landscapes, with surreal objects on the dial), to the poignant, such as Stations of the Cross (1985; Perth, A.G. W. Australia), which depicts a barbed-wire crown of thorns photographed flat on sand. The print series, Apollo Journal of the Arts (1976; Canberra, N.G.) exploits deliberate anachronisms in art reference, as also, in some cases, does the WWS.

Stannage’s paintings vary in style from elegant abstracts drawn from her extensive travels in the Western Australian bush, for example ...