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Article

South African, 20th century, male.

Born 1906, in Somerset East, Eastern Cape; died 1982, in Port Shepstone, Natal (KwaZulu-Natal).

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, printmaker, Collage, installations, performance art.

Walter Whall Battiss was raised in the Orange Free State (Free State), where he was introduced to rock art by William Fowler. He worked in the Rustenburg Magistrate’s Office (...

Article

South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1974, in Pretoria.

Sculptor, printmaker, installation artist.

Wim Botha graduated from the University of Pretoria with a BA (Visual Art) in 1996, and lives in Cape Town. His work is usually controversial because of its iconoclastic nature, for example, he deconstructed the typical style of well-known South African artist J.H. Pierneef and of classical portrait busts, and he uses recycled Bibles to sculpt Christ figures. He has received a number of prestigious awards, including the first Tollman Award in ...

Article

dele jegede

(Olatunji)

(b Oshogbo, 1943).

Nigerian mixed-media artist, printmaker and sculptor. He was trained as an electrician and provided stage lighting for the Lapido theatre group before training at the Mbari Mbayo workshop in Oshogbo in 1964. His first exhibition was at the Goethe Institute in Lagos in 1967, the same year that he was commissioned to create a mosaic for the India Loom House, Lagos. In 1974 he completed a certificate course at Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, with a sculpture emphasis. Although he began as a painter and experimented with linoleum cuts in the 1960s, he soon began to incorporate beads into his work, using multicoloured commercial beads to produce striking pieces. Using a palette that fully explores the vibrancy of primary and secondary hues, Buraimoh draws on themes derived from the human and animal worlds. He also draws on contemporary scenes and Nigeria's religious pluralism (Islam, Christianity and indigenous religions) to develop themes from Yoruba myth, as in ...

Article

Moroccan, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 26 April 1934, in El Jadida.

Painter, draughtsman, lithographer, collage artist, film maker.

André Elbaz studied at Rabat's school of graphic art while at the same time taking drama classes at the city's theatre school. He began experimenting with collage while making posters for his theatre group, Mazagan, in El Jadida. Following a trip to France in ...

Article

Algerian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 25 January 1956, in Sfizef.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, engraver. Scenes with figures, portraits, still-lifes, landscapes.

Djilali Kadid studied in Siddi Bel-Abbes and then from 1978 at the Sorbonne in Paris. In 1983 and 1984...

Article

Algerian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Ain-Beida.

Painter (mixed media), engraver, potter.

Koraichi studied at the school of fine art in Algiers, before continuing his education in Paris. He began as an engraver and practised calligraphy inspired by ethnic and then imaginary sources, which he transposed onto various materials such as wood, parchment, silk, and ceramic....

Article

Togolese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 27 April 1972, in Lomé.

Painter (mixed media), engraver.

Through his painting, which he scrapes away or glues, Papisco Kudzi arrives at a personal vision of the world. He associates colours such as yellow ochre, black, blue and red with old jute cloth, scrap metal and garbage. But this artistic language has a spiritual message: 'Through my colours, what I am really talking about is the injustice of the world: yellow ochre reflects my roots; white signifies abundance of water and food; blue expresses a world without hope; black because everything is ephemeral and death lies after everything; red is the symbol of light and fire.' He has exhibited since ...

Article

South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 24 September 1952, in Ventersdorp, Transvaal (North West).

Printmaker, painter, draughtsman. Assemblages, installations, mixed media.

A graduate of the Evangelical Lutheran Church Art and Craft Centre, Rorke’s Drift, Natal (KwaZulu Natal) and a co-founder in 1991 of the Fordsburg Artists’ Studios (The Bag Factory) in Johannesburg, Pat Mautloa was at the forefront of South African art-making and art advocacy long before it was fashionable or feasible for a black man to do so....

Article

David Koloane

(b Ventersdorp, Sept 24, 1952).

South African mixed-media artist, painter and printmaker. He was trained at the Jubilee Art Centre, the Mofolo Park Art Centre, and at Rorke’s Drift, Natal, where he obtained a diploma. In 1980 he was awarded a prize for his graphic art designs, and he has been active in the Thupelo Project International Artist’s Workshop. He began exhibiting regularly in 1982 and has shown internationally, including at the 1995 Venice Biennale and the third Bienal de Havana. In 1989 he participated in the Triangle Workshop in New York. While his early pieces were largely about painting as a medium, about the tactile possibilities of paint as relief, his pieces of the 1990s were much different. These later works are comprised of found objects and materials such as wood, wire and tins. Inserted into window frames, the materials in these assemblages evoke the vulnerability and insecurity of township dwellings and the associated social conditions faced by a majority of South Africans. Through pieces such as ...

Article

Algerian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 6 January 1956, in Taher, near Jijel.

Painter (mixed media), engraver.

Abdelouahab Mokrani studied at the school of fine arts in Algiers from 1971 to 1974, then at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1976 to 1982. He was a scholar of the Villa Abd-el-Tif in Algiers (...

Article

Nigerian, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Agbara-Otar.

Painter (mixed media), engraver. Scenes with figures.

Bruce Onobrakpeya lives in Lagos, where his studio and gallery space is open to a large number of pupils. His works have numerous cultural, ethnic and religious sources: the culture of the Urhobo, to whom he belongs, all the various Nigerian cultures, the culture of the Edos from Benin, and the Bible. Ancestors, local gods, mythical beings, rites and ceremonies characterise some of his series of works, or are associated with them. His technique and style are of hieratic inspiration, manifested by a verticality of form. When he makes engravings he works on the most diverse media: paper, wood, lino, canvas, plaster and metal....

Article

Shannen Hill

(b Vryburg, 1953).

South African painter, printmaker, photographer, installation artist and video artist. She received an BA (1974) and an MA (1976) in Fine Arts from Rhodes University, Grahamstown, and a postgraduate diploma from Portsmouth Polytechnic, UK (1979). Her work has appeared in many exhibitions: the Venice Biennale (1993), the Bienal de Havana (1994, 1997), the Johannesburg Biennale (1995, 1997) and Kwanju Biennale in Korea (1995). She has explored different media and themes since gaining recognition for her high relief oil paintings of the 1980s, but her concerns remain those of process, conceptual dualities, histories told and remembered. Through narrative, allegory, appropriation, parody and punning, her subjects challenge racialized and gendered representations, and reveal history as ever-mediated. In Piling Wreckage Upon Wreckage (1989; Cape Town, N.G.) a black girl sits atop an expansive pile of objects (e.g. silverware, a grand piano, paintings) that denote civilized taste and fill the space to suggest limitlessness and domination. Unlike Western prototypes, the girl is overwhelmed by the debris and cannot control its associative meanings. Siopis continued to question ideological constructions in her work on urban domestic identities of the mid-1990s. Her work of the late 1990s was autobiographical, though firmly entangled within aparteid's complex past. ...

Article

South African, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Cape Town.

Born 1974, in Cape Town.

Sculptor, engraver, installation artist, video artist.

Doreen Southwood graduated from the university of Stellenbosch in 1998. She creates three-dimensional installations based on the autobiographical themes of mental illness, obsession and the quest for identity among South African women. In ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1911, in Cairo.

Painter, collage artist, engraver.

Salah Taher was a student at the school of fine arts in Cairo, where he lives and works. He was president of the association of fine arts in 1960 and 1961, and became curator at the museum of modern art in Cairo, then its director. He has travelled in France, Italy, the former USSR and the USA....

Article

South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 4 October 1953, in Durban.

Printmaker, sculptor, draughtsman, photographer, mixed media.

Jeremy Wafer was raised on a farm in Nkwalini, KwaZulu-Natal. As a child he was seduced by the metaphoric power of materials and patterns. He obtained a bachelor of fine arts (...