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Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1910, in New York; died 30 December 2002, in New York.

Painter, engraver. Figures, scenes with figures, genre scenes.

Ida Abelman studied in New York at the Grand Central Art School, the National Academy School of Fine Art, City College of New York, Hunter College, the National Academy of Design and the Art Students League....

Article

Jorge Luján-Muñoz

(b Guatemala, Jan 7, 1933).

Guatemalan painter and printmaker. From 1954 to 1957 he studied at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas in Guatemala City while researching folk art for the Dirección de Bellas Artes, but he was virtually self-taught and began as a draughtsman and painter of bullfighting scenes. In 1958 he travelled to New York on a Guatemalan government grant, prolonging his stay there with further grants, studying at the Arts Students League and Graphic Art Center, and finally settling there permanently. He was influential in Guatemala until c. 1960, but because of his long residence abroad his work did not fit easily in the context of Central American art. Before leaving Guatemala he had painted landscapes and nudes in a naturalistic style, but he soon adopted a more modern idiom partly inspired by aboriginal Guatemalan subjects. After moving to New York, and especially from 1958 to 1961, his art underwent a profound transformation as he sought to bring together elements of abstract art and Surrealism and experimented with textures, for example in cross-hatched pen-and-ink drawings such as ...

Article

Pat Gilmour

(b Glendale, CA, Dec 11, 1918; d Albuquerque, NM, May 13, 2002).

American painter, printmaker, art historian, writer and teacher. His appointment to the art faculty of the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1942 was interrupted by military service, and it was not until 1946 that he resumed his career as a teacher of the practice and theory of art. This took him to the universities of Kentucky (Lexington), Florida (Gainesville) and finally New Mexico (Albuquerque), where he served as Dean (1961–76). Despite academic demands, Adams always found time to paint and showed his work in over 50 solo exhibitions. Equally at home in oil, acrylic, watercolour and egg tempera, he was initially inspired by the abstracted cityscapes of Stuart Davis. Later he absorbed the lessons of Matisse, achieving particularly radiant paintings during the 1980s. In 1993 he was elected an Academician by the National Academy of Design.

In 1948, at Stanton Macdonald-Wright’s suggestion, Adams began to make lithographs with the Los Angeles printer, ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born in Plainfield (New Jersey).

Painter, engraver.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1883, in Muncie (Indiana); died 1959.

Painter, watercolourist, print artist. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, animals.

Wayman Adams has his first lessons in painting from his father, Nelson Perry Adams, a stock farmer who took up painting late in life. He studied with William Forsythe and J. Otis Adams at the John Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, with William Merritt Chase in Italy in ...

Article

Adela  

Argentinian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in Spain.

Born 7 June 1947, in Realicó.

Painter, draughtswoman, lithographer.

In 1971, Adela became a history teacher. She lived in Buenos Aires until 1974 and then for a time in Miami before settling with her family in Barcelona and becoming a full-time painter and draughtswoman....

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, female.

Born 1928, in Montevideo.

Painter, engraver.

Having taught herself to paint at a very early age, Afamados de Sans enrolled in the engraving course at the national college of fine arts in Montevideo. She participated regularly in the national salon, where she obtained first prize in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active in Belgium.

Born in Rochester (New York).

Painter, engraver. Urban landscapes.

Joan Aghib received a degree in Philosophy and Literature from the University of Michigan. She was taught painting by Hans Hofmann in New York and engraving by Stanley William Hayter in his famous ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in Buenos Aires.

Painter, engraver.

The son of Emilio Cornelio Agrelo, Daniel Marcos Agrelo received guidance from his father, as well as from Alfonso Bosco, who introduced engraving to Argentina. He took part in collective exhibitions in Latin America and received distinctions. He founded an art journal: ...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Jalisco; died 1990.

Painter, engraver. Murals.

Aguirre was self-taught and began to draw at a very early age, but abandoned all artistic activity during the revolution from 1915 to 1917. He then settled in Mexico City, where he became assistant professor of drawing at the university. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1872, in Quincy (Illinois); died 1938.

Painter, engraver (etching). Portraits.

George Charles Aid studied at the School of Fine Art in St Louis. He went to France where he worked under the supervision of Jean-Paul Laurens and Benjamin-Constant. He exhibited in several artistic institutions in the USA and won a silver medal at the Universal Exhibition in St Louis in ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in Argentina, naturalised in 1909.

Born 20 October 1889, in Granada, Spain.

Painter, engraver. Local scenes (bullfighting).

Having arrived in Argentina at an early age, Alaminos studied at the school of fine arts in Tucumán. He became a teacher of painting there in ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, female.

Born 17 May 1878, in Buenos Aires.

Painter.

Alazet-Rocamora attended the school of fine arts in Buenos Aires and was the student of several local painters, in particular Bosco, the engraver. She took part in various collective exhibitions in the major cities of Argentina and, from ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 28 July 1890, in Scituate (Rhode Island); died 1985.

Painter, engraver (wood).

Grace Arnold Albee was the wife of Percy F. Albee. She studied at the Rhode Island School of Design and later moved to Paris, where she studied with the engraver Paul Bornet. While in Paris she exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d'Automne. In the USA she exhibited mainly in Philadelphia....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 26 June 1883, in Bridgeport (Connecticut); died 1959.

Painter, lithographer. History painting.

Percy F. Albee studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. He exhibited at collective shows in various cities across the USA and in particular at the Art Institute of Chicago. He was a member of the Providence and New York Art Clubs. He started exhibiting at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d'Automne in Paris in 1926. He painted symbolic or themed murals....

Article

Janet Marstine

(le Lorraine)

(b North Harvey, nr Chicago, Feb 20, 1897; d Woodstock, VT, Nov 18, 1983).

American painter, sculptor, printmaker and film maker. He was brought up in the suburbs of Chicago and was exposed to art at an early age by his father, Adam Emory Albright (1862–1957), a portrait painter. He passed on to his son the interest in careful draughtsmanship that he had developed from tuition with Thomas Eakins. Ivan’s initial field of interest was architecture, which he studied at Northwestern University, Evanston (1915–16), and at the University of Illinois, Urbana (1916–17). During World War I he served with an Army medical unit, making surgical drawings with great precision. He subsequently decided to become a painter and attended the Art Institute of Chicago (1920–23), the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Chicago (1923), and the National Academy of Design, New York (1924). Around this time he began to exhibit regularly.

Albright settled in Chicago in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in North Harvey (Illinois); died 1983, in Chicago.

Painter (gouache), engraver, draughtsman. Figures, portraits, still-lifes.

American Magical Realism.

Ivan Le Lorraine Albright was born into a family of artists and painters who had emigrated to the USA from Germany in the 18th century. His father, Adam Emory Albright, had been a pupil of Thomas Eakins, who was considered the precursor of the American tradition known as ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1872, in Worcester (Massachusetts); died 1941.

Painter, engraver. Landscapes.

At the beginning of the 20th century George Ames Aldrich took his vacations in north-west France, where he painted views of Normandy and Brittany.

New York, 4 Jan 1907: River Path, Marne Chapel...

Article

Cuban, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1963.

Born 1943, in Havana.

Painter (including gouache), engraver, illustrator.

José Ramón Alejandro studied at the school of fine arts in Buenos Aires and later at the school of fine arts in Montevideo. He went to Paris to work in the studio of the engraver Friedlaender. During his time there he showed his work in a number of solo exhibitions and in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1800, in Windham County (Connecticut); died 1880 or 1881, in Florence.

Painter, engraver. Portraits.

A distinguished portrait artist and lithographer, Francis Alexander studied under Alexander Robertson, who was the secretary at the American Academy of Fine Arts in New York. He lived in Boston and Providence, where he earned a considerable reputation as a portraitist. He went to Europe in 1853 and studied the Italian Primitives; this had an effect on his own style, which became more Naive than Primitive. His landscapes contain few figures and convey a powerful feeling of solitude....