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German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1769, in Nuremberg; died 18 January 1847, in Munich.

Painter (including porcelain), glass painter.

Michael Frank worked for the Bavarian court and the Prince of Wallenstein. His works include the stained glass windows of Ratisbonne Cathedral.


Flemish School, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1774, in Tournai; died after 1844.

Painter (enamel), glass painter.

In 1835, Mortelèque innovated a technique for painting on plates of volcanic lava. He applied the same technique to his painting on enamel and glass. He worked for the Duc de Berry and for King Charles X. A plate representing three heads of angels is in the Musée de Tournai. He also painted a window representing ...


Term used for a manifestation of the Neo-classical style initiated in the decorative arts of France during the Second Empire (1852–71) of Napoleon III and his wife, the Empress Eugénie. Based on the standard repertory of Greco-Roman ornament, it combined elements from the Adam, Louis XVI and Egyptian styles with a range of motifs inspired by discoveries at Pompeii, where excavations had begun in 1848; it can be identified by the frequent use of Classical heads and figures, masks, winged griffins, sea-serpents, urns, medallions, arabesques, lotus buds and borders of anthemion, guilloche and Greek fret pattern. Néo-Grec was eclectic, abstracted, polychromatic and sometimes bizarre; it enjoyed popularity as one of the many revival styles of the second half of the 19th century.

In Paris, the Néo-Grec style was best exemplified in the famous ‘Maison Pompéienne’ (1856–8; destr. 1891) designed for Prince Napoléon Bonaparte (see...


British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 18 October 1770, in Dudley; died 20 April 1845, in London.

Painter. History painting, portraits, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

Thomas Phillips studied initially in Birmingham under the glass painter Eginton. He moved to London in 1790, carrying a letter of recommendation to Benjamin West. The latter invited him to work on the windows of St George's Chapel in Windsor. In ...