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French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 March 1859, in Angers; died 1941, in Angers.

Painter, decorative artist, lithographer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

He was a pupil of Ernest Hebert and Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Between ...


German, 19th century, male.

Born 2 April 1831, in Innsbruck.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Studied at the academy of art in Munich where he was taught by Professors Joseph Schlotthauer and Johan Georg Hiltensperger. His first composition was Christmas for the collection of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. While living in Vienna he painted several altarpieces under the guidance first of Eugene de Blaas and later of Joseph von Furhrich. He moved to Munich where his painting ...


Swiss, 19th century, male.

Active in Lucerne.

Born 27 November 1828, in Abtwil.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Balmer learned the basics of design in the workshops of a goldsmith in Sins in the canton of Aargau, before moving to Anton Bühler's studio in Lucerne. In ...


French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1828, in Lyons; died 1913.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes. Frescoes, designs for stained glass.

Paul Borel was a pupil of Louis Janmot. After 1863 Borel ceased to exhibit and began to decorate churches and chapels: he painted his frescoes unaided, and was unwilling to accept any payment for his work. His decorative works from this period include ...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 8 August 1833, in Lyons; died 1er July 1896, in Lyons.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes, still-lifes. Designs for stained glass.

Joanny Domer attended the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons but was essentially self-taught. He travelled to Italy and returned to exhibit in Lyons from ...


British, 19th century, male.

Born 1806, in Aberdeen; died 15 February 1864, in Streatham.

Painter, engraver, fresco artist. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.


Pre-Raphaelite (related to).

William Dyce, the son of a doctor, was a pupil at Marischal College, Aberdeen, where he obtained his diploma at the age of 16. Afterwards, he followed courses at the academies of London and Edinburgh. In ...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 25 March 1813, in Paris; died 16 January 1880, in Montigny-lès-Cormeilles (Val d'Oise).

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman, lithographer, art critic. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, still-lifes. Designs for stained glass.

He studied initially under his uncle Auguste Hesse before going on to complete his artistic education in the studios of Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres and Denis Foyatier. He exhibited at the Paris Salon ...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 29 August 1780, in Montauban; died 14 January 1867, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, nudes, portraits, landscapes. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres was the son of the painter, sculptor, and musician Jean-Marie-Joseph Ingres, who, while directing him towards music, at the same time gifted him with the basic principles of drawing. Such was the potential shown by Ingres for this particular artistic form that his father sent him to study in Toulouse. The young student spent time in the studios of Guillaume-Joseph Roques (a pupil of Joseph-Marie Vien), the sculptor Jean-Pierre Vigan, and the landscape painter Jean Briant. In 1796, Ingres went to Paris, and his father found him a place in the studio of Jacques-Louis David. Since he received scarcely any money from his family, he was forced to finance himself from his musical abilities and became a violinist in the orchestra for a theatrical farce. In 1800, he competed for the Prix de Rome but gained only second place after Jean-Pierre Granger, though the following year he won with ...


American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 10 February 1860, in New York; died 22 February 1942, in Cresskill (New Jersey).

Painter, fresco artist, engraver. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Charles Rollinson Lamb trained at the Art Students League in New York, and later became its president. He was the brother of the Frederick Stymetz Lamb, and worked with him in the family's stained glass workshop, founded in ...


Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19 April 1869, in Ropczyce; died 1946, in Wadowice.

Painter, engraver. Allegorical subjects, portraits, interiors, still-lifes, landscapes. Stage sets, church decoration, designs for stained glass.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Józef Mehoffer studied at the Cracow academy from 1887 to 1889...


French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1871, in Paris, France; died 13 February 1958, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, potter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes. Stage sets, designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Georges Rouault completed his primary education in 1885 and was apprenticed to stained-glass artists – first the Tamonis, then Hirsch. He received a direct offer from Albert Besnard for stained-glass windows for the School of Pharmacy to be made from his design sketches, but he refused out of loyalty to his employer. He was encouraged to consider painting as a career, having been introduced to the appreciation of art by his grandfather, Alexandre Champdavoine, who, modest white-collar worker though he was, knew and admired Honoré Daumier, Gustave Courbet, and Édouard Manet. Rouault achieved entry to the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1891, first in Elie Delaunay’s studio, then in Gustave Moreau’s (where he met Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Rudolf Lehmann, Henri Evenepoel, and others). Though he failed twice at the Prix de Rome, he won the Prix Chenavard in 1894 and, by 1900, he had obtained a mention and a bronze medal. In 1903, as Gustave Moreau’s executor, he became the curator of the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris....


German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 15 May 1886, in Stadtprozelten.

Painter, stained glass painter, engraver, designer. Religious subjects.

Self-taught, Wilhelm Rupprecht painted and engraved predominantly religious subjects.

Detroit: Genesis and Passion (stained-glass windows); Three Kings (tapestry)

Leipzig (Grassi Mus.): Trumpeter of Jericho...


Austrian, 19th century, male.

Born 21 January 1804, in Vienna; died 8 February 1871, in Munich.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.


Nazarenes group (related to).

Moritz von Schwind attended the Akademie der Bildende Künste in Vienna from 1821 to 1823 where he was taught by Ferdinand Schnorr von Carolsfeld, and also studied under Cornelius in Munich. In 1828 he was commissioned to paint 20 frescoes inspired by the poet Tieck for King Ludwig's new palace, and from 1853 to 1855 painted a series of compositions from the life of St Elisabeth of Hungary. In 1859 he provided the cartoons for the 26 windows in Glasgow Cathedral, Scotland. His output also included an altar painting for the Frauenkirche in Munich, decoration for the Opera in Vienna in 1869, and paintings for the Neue Pinakothek. He also engraved genre scenes and vignettes. A member of the Dresden Akademie from 1846, and those of Vienna and Berlin from 1866, he later became correspondent for the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris....


Austrian, 19th century, male.

Born 2 July 1810, in Vienna; died 18 September 1886, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, watercolourist, fresco artist, draughtsman, engraver (etching). Figure compositions, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

The son of an engraver, Edward von Steinle first studied engraving with Kininger and at the academy of art in Vienna, before going on to paint with Leopold Kupelweiser and align himself with the new school of German religious art. In ...


French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Britain.

Born 15 October 1836, in Nantes, France; died 8 August 1902, in Bouillon (Doubs), France.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver (etching), illustrator, modeller. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes. Designs for stained glass.


Jacques Tissot studied in Paris under Louis Lamotte, Hippolyte Flandrin, and Ingres. His interest for all things English profoundly affected his life and his career as an artist. Upon his Salon debut in 1859, for example, he anglicised his given name to James. In 1865, he illustrated ...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 19 February 1817, in St-Pol-de-Mons (Haute-Loire); died 16 February 1868, in St-Étienne.

Painter, pastellist, lithographer. Religious subjects, portraits. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Tyr studied under Victor Orsel and Claude Bonnefond at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons. He moved to St-Étienne in ...


Spanish, 20th century, male.

Born 1879, in Barcelona; died 1950, in Barcelona.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative artist. Figure compositions, religious subjects, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass.


Darío Vilas Fernández was a pupil of Ramón Martí Alsina at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Barcelona, where he exhibited work in ...