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Article

American, 19th century, female.

Born in Portland (Maine); died 1904, in New York.

Painter.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 23 June 1847, in New York; died 1917.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtswoman, illustrator. Landscapes, flowers.

Agnes Abatt studied art at the Cooper Institute and the International Academy of Art in New York, and later received advice from R. Swain Gifford and James D. Smilie....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 April 1852, in Philadelphia; died 1911, in London.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink), pastellist, illustrator. Historical subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, figures.

Edwin Austin Abbey's apprenticeship consisted of making drawings for a wood engraver before studying at the Pennsylvania Academy in Philadelphia and starting work as an illustrator. The drawings he supplied for ...

Article

Pamela H. Simpson

(b Philadelphia, PA, April 1, 1852; d London, Aug 1, 1911).

American painter, illustrator, and muralist, active also in England. Abbey began his art studies at the age of 14 in his native Philadelphia where he worked with Isaac L. Williams (1817–95). Two years later he enrolled in night classes at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art working under Christian Schussele (1824–1979), but by then Abbey was already a published illustrator. In the 1870s his drawings appeared in numerous publications, but it was his work for Harper & Brothers that proved most important to his career. In 1871 he moved to New York, and in 1878, Harper’s sent him on a research trip to England. He found such affinity with the country that he made it his home for the rest of his life. After 1889 he devoted more time to painting, was elected a Royal Academician in 1898, and in 1902 was chosen by Edward VII (...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Philadelphia.

Died 1925, in Philadelphia.

Painter.

Francis R. Abbott was a Fellow of the Pennsylvania Academy of Art and a member of the Philadelphia Art Club.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Mechanicsville; died 1953.

Painter (gouache), illustrator. Genre scenes.

New York, 3 June 1982: Archery Lesson (gouache, 11 × 9½ ins/28 × 24.2 cm) USD 850

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1870, in Philadelphia; died 1938.

Painter. Landscapes.

Bolton, 15 May 1985: Houses, Provincetown (oil on canvas, 30 × 36 ins/76.2 × 91.6 cm) USD 900

New York, 14 Nov 1991: Sea and Derricks (oil on canvas, 30¼ × 36½ ins/77 × 92.9 cm) ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 13 February 1860, in New York.

Painter, miniaturist. Portraits.

Albert Abendschein studied initially in New York, then went to Munich and Italy to complete his training. He specialised in portraits and miniatures. He exhibited at the National Academy of Design in New York, in Philadelphia and St Louis, and in Munich he received awards for his work....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1870, in Lawrence (Kansas); died 1941, in New Haven (Connecticut).

Painter. Landscapes.

Lucien Abrams exhibited two landscapes at the Salon d'Automne in 1912 and 1913.

New York, 22 Oct 1987: Wooded Sea Shore (oil on canvas, 21 × 18 ins/53.5 × 45.7 cm) ...

Article

American, 19th century, female.

Born in Pittsburgh.

Painter.

Alice Acheson studied in Pittsburgh, Philadelphia and Paris.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1889, in Portage (Michigan).

Painter.

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 26 November 1857, in New York.

Painter.

Charles L. Adams was a pupil of Oudinot in Boston. His works were exhibited at the National Academy of Design in New York, and in Boston, Philadelphia and St Louis.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 January 1858, in Franklin; died 1942, in Pasadena (California).

Painter. Landscapes.

Charles Partridge Adams was a self-taught painter although he seems to have received some encouragement and instruction from a student of the American landscape painter George Innes. After travelling round Europe he settled in Denver. He appeared in numerous collective exhibitions in the USA....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in 1900-1901 in Park City.

Painter.

E. Adams was a member of the Society of Utah Artists.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born in Albany.

Painter.

Elizabeth Livingston Adams appeared at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris at the beginning of the 20th century.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 July 1851, in Amity (Indiana); died 1927, in Indianapolis (Indiana).

Painter. Landscapes.

John Otis Adams studied in London and Munich and later, after his return to America became vice-president of the Society of Artists of the West. He obtained a bronze medal at the ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1871, in Muncie (Indiana); died 1955.

Painter.

Winifred Brady Adams was the wife of John Otis Adams.

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 23 July 1868, in Athens (Ohio).

Painter, draughtsman.

Edwin Tappau Adney studied in New York, where he had a considerable reputation as a book illustrator. Among his works are drawings for a book on the birds of the west of North America, for which he carried out research in Carolina. Adney went in search of subjects that would interest the public, such as the gold prospectors of the Klondyke. After this journey he published some remarkable illustrations in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 February 1865, in Philadelphia; died 1940.

Painter, watercolourist. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes.

Albert Jean Adolphe was a pupil of Gérôme at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, of Albert De Vriendt at the Academie voor Schone Kunsten in Antwerp and also studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. He worked in Munich and exhibited in Antwerp, Chicago, Munich and St Louis and won many prizes. Adolphe exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris in ...

Article

Term used to describe a movement of the 1870s and 1880s that manifested itself in the fine and decorative arts and architecture in Britain and subsequently in the USA. Reacting to what was seen as evidence of philistinism in art and design, it was characterized by the cult of the beautiful and an emphasis on the sheer pleasure to be derived from it. In painting there was a belief in the autonomy of art, the concept of Art for Art’s Sake, which originated in France as a literary movement and was introduced into Britain around 1860.

The Aesthetic Movement was championed by the writers and critics Walter Pater, Algernon Charles Swinburne and Oscar Wilde. In keeping with Pater’s theories, the artists associated with it painted pictures without narrative or significant subject-matter. Dante Gabriel Rossetti took his inspiration from Venetian art because of its emphasis on colour and the decorative. This resulted in a number of half-length paintings of female figures, such as the ...