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Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active from 1511 to 1540.

Born in Sassoferrato (Ancona); died, in Cupramontana (Ancona).

Painter, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects.

Many of Pietro Paolo Agabiti's paintings decorate the churches of his native town. Santa Maria del Piano has a Virgin with St Catherine and St John the Baptist...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Aricò.

Sculptor, painter, glassmaker. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

Gianni Aricò received a diploma in architecture from Venice University in 1971. In 1974 he set up his sculpture studio in the de-consecrated church of S Andrea della Zirada in Venice....

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Born 14 September 1938, in Bucharest; died 4 December 2000, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor. Church interiors, landscapes, architectural views, still-lifes.

Conceptual Art.

Horia Bernea studied mathematics and physics at the University of Bucharest from 1955 to 1958, then followed courses at the city's school of architecture ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Reggio Emilia.

Born c. 1624; died 1666, in Reggio Emilia.

Painter, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects.

Paolo Emilio di Matteo Besenzi studied under Lionello Spada and was a skilled imitator of the work of Francesco Albani. In 1641, Besenzi painted a ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in Gemona del Friuli; died 1987.

Painter, sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features. Religious subjects, figures.

Bin exhibited busts at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1928.

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born shortly before 1536, in Cremona; died c. 1591.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects, figures, portraits.

Antonio Campi was the son of Galeazzo and brother of Giulio and Vincenzo Campi. He worked first with his father and later at the studio of his brother Giulio. Before moving to Milan in 1561 he had worked in many different towns, notably Piacenza, Lodi, Brescia, Mantua, Cremona and Rome....

Article

Spanish, 17th century, male.

Born 1601, in Granada, where he was baptised 19 March; died 5 October 1667, in Granada.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects, portraits.

Granada School.

Alonso Cano is one of the most interesting figures in Spanish art because of his universality. Like Michelangelo he was a painter, sculptor and architect and it is truly difficult to decide in which of these three art forms he excelled the most. He was the son of a sculptor-cabinet maker who constructed reredos. He was baptised in Granada on 19th March 1601 and studied firstly with his father, then in Seville where his family had settled in 1615. His masters were Francisco Pacheco who was also the master of Velázquez and Juan del Castillo who would in turn tutor the child Murillo. At the same time he studied sculpture with Juan Martínez Montañés and from 1625 he began to make something of a name for himself....

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1543, in Rovigo (Veneto); died 1613, in Genoa.

Painter, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects. Statues, monuments, funerary monuments.

Taddeo was the son of Giovanni Carlone. He studied under Daniele Casella, Lionardo Ferrandina and Domenico Scortione. He produced many works in Genoa, producing statues and decorations for palaces and churches, erecting tombs and constructing fountains. He also worked as an architect. His remarkable talent gave rise to a popular saying in Genoa at the time, ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1509, in Gandino near Bergamo; died 1579, in Madrid, in 1569 according to the Larousse Dictionary.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including wash), architect, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Wall decorations, frescoes.

After a study trip to Rome, paid for by his protector Tobia Pallavicini, Giovanni Battista Castello (Il Bergamasco) produced a series of works in Genoa and Bergamo. His best-known works in Bergamo include the fresco ...

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Born 1538, in Cordova; died 28 July 1608, in Cordova.

Painter, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects, portraits.

School of Cordova.

Pablo de Céspedes initially studied theology, then Oriental languages. He began painting during a trip to Rome, under the direction of one of Michelangelo's pupils. While he was in Rome he painted a number of frescoes in various chapels, which were so successful that he was nicknamed the 'Spanish Raphael'. He was offered a canonicate in his home town and returned to Cordova in 1575 or 1577, before settling there permanently after a second trip to Rome in 1583. It was there that he painted his ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1575, in Cerano, near Novara (Milan region); died 1633, in Milan.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects, historical subjects, figures. Church decoration, frescoes.

Milanese School.

G.-B. Crespi travelled throughout Italy and studied in Rome and Venice before settling in Milan, where he soon earned the favour and patronage of the reigning duke, 'so that he could preside over Cardinal Federico [Borromeo]'s vast projects, and direct the Academy' (according to Lanzi). In fact, Crespi was befriended by the Cardinal in Rome (Federico was the nephew of St Charles Borromeo), and travelled to Milan with him. It was Borromeo who appointed Crespi to the directorship of the Accademia Ambrosiania, which he had founded in 1620, and who commissioned him to oversee the sculptural decoration of the city's cathedral. Some historians credit Giulio Cesare Procaccini with Crespi's training. Lanzi, however, cites him as a rival who Crespi sought to surpass, but who nonetheless influenced his work. It is generally agreed that during his early travels, Crespi studied the work of Pellegrino Tibaldi, Barocci, Gaudenzio Ferrari and the Late Mannerists. He developed his own artistic personality through a series of commissions for the cathedral in Milan: four large compositions showing ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1530, in Perugia; died 1576, in Perugia.

Painter, sculptor (bronze/marble/cast iron/clay), draughtsman, goldsmith, architect. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Groups, statues, low reliefs.

Vincenzo Danti was the brother of Girolamo and Egnazio Danti. He worked initially in the goldsmiths' trade, in whose guild he enrolled in ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 October 1865, in Brussels; died 1959.

Painter, decorative designer, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes.

Dierickx was a pupil of Jean Portaels and Joseph Stallaert. In 1887 he won the Godecharle Prize, which enabled him to travel in Italy. He regularly participated in the activities of the ...

Article

German, 17th century, male.

Stonemason, sculptor, painter, decorative designer. Religious subjects.

Dub was active in Cleves. He was made a burgher of Lucerne (Switzerland) on 7 March 1613 and member of the Brotherhood of St Luke. He worked on the choir of the main church and executed a tablet with a crucifix on the altar of St Henry which was destroyed by fire in ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1652, in Florence; died 1725, in Florence.

Sculptor, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects, mythological subjects. Groups, busts, statues, low reliefs, objets d'art.

Giovanni Battista Foggini studied initially in Florence and then moved to Rome to complete his studies at the request of Cosimo de' Medici III, Grand Duke of Tuscany. Foggini subsequently returned to work in Florence where, among other things, he produced a bust of ...

Article

(b Peshawar, Oct 25, 1926).

Pakistani painter and sculptor. He began painting while training as an engineer in the USA (Columbia and Harvard universities) and held his first exhibition in 1950. He continued to paint while secretary at the Pakistan embassy at Ottawa during the 1950s, developing a reputation for portraiture. In 1957 he was commissioned to paint the portrait of King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan, and in 1959 he held an exhibition of 151 paintings and sketches in Kabul. He also painted portraits of Prince Karim Aga Khan (1961), Zhou Enlai (1964), Queen Farah Diba of Iran (1965) and President Ayub Khan of Pakistan (1968). He then turned to making portraits from marble mosaic and semi-precious stones, a technique that he had developed in Kabul in 1959. His abstract paintings, produced since the 1960s, incorporate ornamental calligraphy, coloured beads, small pieces of mirror, and gold and silver leaf. These works include a large abstract mural painted in ...

Article

Christian Norberg-Schulz

(b Hamburg, Dec 15, 1826; d Christiania [now Oslo], Dec 12, 1882).

Norwegian architect, sculptor and painter of German birth. He studied at the Hamburgische Gesellschaft zur Beförderung der Künste und nützlichen Gewerben (1840–43), afterwards training, still in Hamburg, as an architect under Alexis de Chateauneuf and then as an architect and sculptor in Cologne (1849–50). In 1850 von Hanno followed de Chateauneuf to Christiania to assist him with the construction of Trinity Church (1850–58). De Chateauneuf returned to Hamburg in 1851 because of failing health; von Hanno completed the building, simplifying de Chateauneuf’s design because of economic, as well as structural, problems. The church presents an unusual combination of a centralized, domed plan and a Gothic Revival style, much drier and heavier in detail than originally intended. Remaining in Norway for the rest of his life, von Hanno became one of Christiania’s leading architects. In collaboration with Heinrich Ernst Schirmer (1814–87), with whom he was in partnership from ...

Article

Jean  

10th – 11th century, male.

Born between 960 and 970, in Italy or in Greece; died 1016, in Liège.

Painter, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects. Church decoration.

Jean was employed by the emperor Otto III in 980 and 1002. He was rewarded for work on the chapel of Charlemagne by the gift of a bishopric in Italy. He returned to Germany, then went to Liège where he became a friend of the bishop Baldéric II, who encouraged him to decorate the choir of St James' Abbey. He built the church of St Andrew in Liège. This may be the same man as the painter Johannes who was working at this period at Nepi....

Article

Dutch, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 15 May 1565, in Utrecht; died 15 May 1621, in Amsterdam.

Painter, sculptor, medallist, architect. Religious subjects, portraits. Monuments, funerary monuments, busts.

Amsterdam School.

Hendrik de Keyser the Elder was taught by the sculptor C. Bloemaert in Dordrecht, and the painter Abr. Bloemaert. He was awarded the freedom of the city of Amsterdam on 24 October 1591, and was an architect to the town in 1594. He married on 6 August 1591, and had four sons and two daughters. Three of his sons - Pieter, Thomas and Willem - became artists. He taught Hans Stenwinckel. His architectural masterpiece was the tomb of William of Orange in the church in Delft. His sculptures include ...