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Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Hanau; died 1913, in Berlin.

Sculptor, worker in precious metals. Figures. Designs (ceramics/metal objects).

Jugendstil.

Adolf Amberg trained at the academy of fine arts in Berlin. He went to Paris and worked at the Académie Julian, exhibiting at the Salon of ...

Article

Lisa M. Binder

(b Anyako, Ghana, June 13, 1944).

Ghanaian sculptor, active in Nigeria. He earned a bachelor’s degree in sculpture (1968) and a postgraduate diploma in art education from the University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana (1969). After graduation he taught at the Specialist Training College (now University of Winneba), Ghana, in a position vacated by the eminent sculptor Vincent Kofi. From 1975 he was Professor of Sculpture at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Anatsui’s practice often makes use of found objects including bottle caps, milk-tins and cassava graters. However, he is not concerned with recycling or salvaging; instead he seeks meaning in the ways materials can be transformed to make statements about history, culture and memory.

His early work consists of ceramic sculptures manipulated to reconfigure pieces of memory. In 1978 he began his Broken Pots series, which was exhibited the following year at the British Council in Enugu, Nigeria. Several of the ceramic works were made of sherds that were fused together by a grog-like cement of broken pieces. Making art historical references to ...

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

[Bauhaus Berlin; Bauhaus Dessau, Hochschule für Gestaltung; Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar]

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or masons’ lodges. The school re-established workshop training, as opposed to impractical academic studio education. Its contribution to the development of Functionalism in architecture was widely influential. It exemplified the contemporary desire to form unified academies incorporating art colleges, colleges of arts and crafts and schools of architecture, thus promoting a closer cooperation between the practice of ‘fine’ and ‘applied’ art and architecture. The origins of the school lay in attempts in the 19th and early 20th centuries to re-establish the bond between artistic creativity and manufacturing that had been broken by the Industrial Revolution. According to Walter Gropius in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1928, in Bruges.

Sculptor.

Beirens was a student at the school of St Luke in Shaerbeek. He practises direct carving and works with metal and terracotta. He was a professor at the provincial institute of architecture and applied arts in Hasselt....

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 23 May 1868, in Munich; died 1940.

Sculptor (bronze), painter. Statuettes, medals, designs (porcelain).

Jugendstil.

Sophie Burger-Hartmann started studying painting in Munich and Paris, but mostly learned her craft by herself. She was married to the Swiss portrait painter Fritz Burger. They lived in Basel at first, then in Berlin from ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1863, in Ars-sur-Moselle; died 1937, in Nancy, in 1913 according to some sources.

Sculptor (stone/marble/bronze), medallist, potter. Figures, architectural views. Monuments, low reliefs, statues, busts.

Art Nouveau.

School of Nancy.

Ernest Bussière exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Français, where he received an honourable mention in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1869, in Paris; died 1 February 1917, in Dunkirk, on active service.

Sculptor, medallist, engraver, potter.

Jean-Marie Cazin was the son and pupil of Jean Charles Cazin and the husband of Marie Berthe Yvart. He engraved medals, including ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 May 1904, in Indianapolis (Indiana).

Sculptor, medallist, ceramicist. Busts, low reliefs.

Robert Davidson studied under Albin Polasek and Alfonso Iannelli. He was a member of the Portfolio Club of Indianapolis. He was awarded first prize at the Indiana State Fairs of ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1886, in Faenza; died 1973, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor (bronze/marble), potter, draughtsman, engraver, medallist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, figures, portraits, nudes, sporting subjects, landscapes, still-lifes, birds. Busts, groups, low reliefs, monuments.

Drei studied drawing and sculpture with A. Berti and gained a diploma from the Scuola d'Arti e Mestieri in Faenza in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in Etterbeek (Brussels).

Painter, sculptor, medallist, ceramicist, draughtsman, decorative designer, illustrator. Designs for tapestries.

Roger Duterme studied at the Etterbeek school of industrial art and design, and the Academy of St Luke in Brussels, where he later taught drawing. He became director of the École des Arts in Ixelles. He made large decorative panels for the Pavillon du St-Siège at the ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 July 1873, in Neuhaus; died 1948, in Dresden.

Sculptor, medallist. Religious subjects, figures, animals. Funerary monuments, designs (porcelain).

Art Deco.

Max Hermann Fritz was a student of Lorenz Hutschenreuther, and was active in Dresden from 1898. He carried out numerous sculptures for Hartau Church (including a ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Poperinghe.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, potter, medallist.

De Gheus attended the École Supérieure des Arts St-Luc in Brussels. He has produced some monumental works for several Belgian towns. He won the Flanders Prize for sculpture and then for painting. He won a gold medal at the ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 2 April 1872, in Darmstadt; died 20 January 1949, in Jugenheim an der Bergstrasse.

Sculptor (including bronze), medallist. Figures, animals. Statues, statuettes, busts, funerary monuments, designs (ceramics, jewels).

Jugendstil.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven). Darmstadt Artists' Colony.

Ludwig Habich studied at the Städel Institute in Frankfurt, and the art academies of Karlsruhe and Munich between ...

Article

Mitsuhiko Hasebe

[Fusajirō]

(b Kyoto, March 23, 1883; d Kanagawa, Dec 21, 1959).

Japanese potter, calligrapher and medallist. At an early age he taught himself seal-carving and calligraphy, for which he won a prize in 1904; soon after he became a commercial calligrapher and medallist. In 1915 he had his first experience of decorating pottery at a kiln in the district of Hokuriku. In 1919 he opened an art shop in Tokyo, and in 1920 he founded the Gourmet’s Club on the second floor of the store, serving food in traditional ceramic vessels that he had himself collected. Kitaōji soon began to produce his own pottery, creating forms drawn from studying the vessels that he used for his cuisine. In 1925 he opened the Gourmet’s Club Hoshigaoka Restaurant in Tokyo. In 1926 he established a studio and kiln known as Hoshigaokayō in Kita Kamakura. He often surpassed the classical forms on which his works were based, becoming well known for his simple but original designs. He used red enamels and gold in his work and was influenced by blue-and-white wares and coloured porcelain from the Ming period (...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1857, in Villingen; died 1931, in Karlsruhe.

Sculptor, medallist. Designs (ceramics).

Jugendstil.

Carl Kornhas studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Nuremburg. He then went to Gubbio, Italy, for training in the majolica technique. He took over the management of the ceramics studio of the Kunstgewerbeschule in Karlsruhe in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 September 1865, in Makowiec Duzy; died 1956, in Cracow.

Sculptor, painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, ceramicist. Nudes, landscapes. Busts, medals, monuments.

Konstant Laszczka studied in Warsaw with Krynski, and later was awarded a grant to study in Paris at the École des Beaux-Arts ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1893, in Schaerbeek (Brussels); died 1976, in Malmédy (Liège).

Sculptor, medallist, potter.

Ledel studied under Thomas Vinçotte at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Brussels.

Ostend (Mus. voor Schone Kunsten): Bust of James Ensor

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1903, in Louvain; died 1961, in Brussels.

Sculptor, medallist, potter. Nudes. Busts.

Charles Leplae studied at the fine arts academy in Louvain and spent four years at Oxford before returning to graduate from Louvain University. He elected to devote himself to sculpture and took instruction from Charles Despiau in Paris. He was a member of the ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1867, in Düsseldorf; died 17 April 1920, in Rome.

Sculptor, medallist, potter.

Hans Stoltenberg Lerche was probably the son of Vincent Stoltenberg Lerche, and is known to have worked for two years for a small ceramics manufacturer in Germany. He travelled to Florence in ...

Article

Austrian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in Germany.

Born 23 January 1872, in Vienna; died 21 April 1936, in Hamburg.

Sculptor, medallist, potter. Statues, busts, low reliefs.

Richard Luksch trained in Munich. He was a member of a group of artists who were linked to Gustav Klimt and left the Vienna Secession with Klimt in ...