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Article

German, 17th century, male.

Born in Dresden.

Painter, engraver.

Trained from 1611 to 1622 under a goldsmith, but then went over to painting. He did a portrait of Johann Zechendorf, rector and professor in Zwickau, which he engraved from the painting. This work shows him to have been uncommonly gifted....

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Active in Perugia.

Born 1479 or 1480; died after 1553.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Domenico di Paride was the son of the goldsmith Paride Alfani. He studied with Perugino and was a fellow student of Raphael and Rosso Fiorentino. His son Orazio was his greatest disciple, and for many years a number of his works were attributed to his son....

Article

Alexander Nagel

[Fr. postautel, retable; Ger. Altar, Altaraufsatz, Altarbild, Altarretabel, Altarrückwand, Retabel; It. ancona, dossale, pala (d’altare); Sp. retablo]

An image-bearing structure set on the rear part of the altar (see Altar, §II), abutting the back of the altarblock, or set behind the altar in such a way as to be visually joined with the altar when viewed from a distance. It is also sometimes called a retable, following the medieval term retrotabulum [retabulum, retrotabularium].

The altarpiece was never officially prescribed by the Church, but it did perform a prescribed function alternatively carried out by a simple inscription on the altarblock: to declare to which saint or mystery the altar was dedicated. In fact, the altarpiece did more than merely identify the altar; its form and content evoked the mystery or personage whose cult was celebrated at the altar. This original and lasting function influenced the many forms taken by the altarpiece throughout its history. Since the altarpiece was not prescribed by the Church, its form varied enormously. For this reason, it is often impossible, and historically inaccurate, to draw neat distinctions between the altarpiece and other elements occasionally associated with the altar apparatus. For example, movable statues, often of the Virgin and Child, were occasionally placed on altars according to ritual needs, and at those times fulfilled the function of the altarpiece....

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Active in Lübeck.

Painter.

He made copies of paintings by old masters. His painting of The Punishment of Ananias and Sapphira after Raphael's cartoon, preserved in the Goldsmiths' Chapel at St Peter's in Lübeck, is of little artistic merit. It is signed by him and dated ...

Article

Freya Probst

(b Hanau, July 1874; d Berlin, July 3, 1913).

German silversmith, sculptor and painter. He attended the Zeichenakademie and the Kunstgewerbeschule in Hanau then studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule, Berlin, and the Académie Julian in Paris, before finally becoming a student of the sculptor Louis Tuaillon at the Kunstakademie, Berlin. From 1894 to 1903 he worked at the renowned silverware factory of Bruckmann & Söhne in Heilbronn, modelling goblets, cutlery, sports prizes and medals etc. In collaboration with Otto Rieth, professor at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Berlin, Amberg made a silver fountain (h. 3.2 m) for the Exposition Universelle, Paris, in 1900.

After designing the silver for the Town Hall of Aachen (1903) and spending a year in Rome (1903–4), Amberg completed his most important work, the design of the Hochzeitszug (Berlin, Tiergarten, Kstgewmus.), a table centre for the wedding of Wilhelm (1882–1951), Crown Prince of Germany and Prussia and Herzogin Cecilie von Mecklenburg-Schwerin (...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1530, in Limoges.

Painter.

Anthoine painted a large work in about 1572 for the guild of goldsmiths of Limoges. He is perhaps a relative of the goldsmith mentioned in around 1750 as being from Limoges.

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 3 January 1854, in Antwerp; died 1930.

Painter. History painting, religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Anthony was the son of a silversmith and studied under L. Hendricx, a painter of historical subjects. His altar panel with the Story of St Barbara...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active in Rome and in Perugia.

Died c. 1522.

Painter, goldsmith.

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 13 November 1914, in Fulham, London; died 12 June 2000, in Aberdeen.

Painter, lithographer, wood engraver, poet. Still-lifes, landscapes, portraits.

Leonard Appelbee studied under Clive Gardiner at Goldsmiths College from 1931 to 1934, and under Barnett Freedman at the Royal College of Art ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 18 June 1828, in London; died 4 December 1905.

Sculptor, engraver, metal worker, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, figures. Busts.

Henry Armstead studied at the Royal Academy in London and became a member of the Academy in 1875. He exhibited a large number of busts and reliefs ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Died 1714.

Painter, engraver, medallist.

Active around 1676 in Carpi and Modena. He was particularly adept at reproducing flowers and, as a result, was often asked to supply contemporary medal-makers with various designs for coins.

Article

Spanish, 18th century, male.

Active in Valencia.

Painter, engraver (line-engraving).

Ascensio was a pupil at the Real Academia de San Fernando in Madrid, where he was appointed professor of engraving on metal in 1783 and later received the title of court engraver.

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 July 1929, in Besançon; died 24 February 2001, in Paris.

Sculptor, medallist, draughtsman. Allegorical subjects. Busts, groups.

Charles Auffret entered the studio of Pierre Honoré at the École des Beaux-Arts in Dijon in 1947, trained at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris between ...

Article

Togolese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 11 November 1968, in Lomé.

Painter (mixed media).

A self-taught artist, Tetevi Azankpo works with recycled materials such as rusting receptacles, lengths of metal wire and rubber to produce fantasy figurines.

He has exhibited at group exhibitions, among them ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born possibly c. 1720, in Paris; died 1775.

Draughtsman, goldsmith, engraver (etching). Ornamental designs.

Babel entered the Académie de St-Luc in 1751.

New York (Metropolitan Mus. of Art): Design for a Cartouche (pen and ink wash)

Orléans: Two Seated Women...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 31 August 1914, in Paris; died c. 1970, as the result of an accident.

Painter, sculptor, medallist. Monuments.

After a number of years engraving medals with portraits of famous figures such as Picasso and Le Corbusier, Bacchus turned to monumental sculpture, creating monuments commemorating the Resistance for Nîmes, Troyes, Tarbes and Paris. He exhibited at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris, the Salon d'Automne, Salon Comparaisons, Salon de la Jeune Sculpture and Salon des Artistes Décorateurs de Paris, as well as in London, Stockholm, Warsaw, São Paulo, Mexico, Tokyo and Rome. He won the Grand Prix de Rome for engraving in ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Francesco Baiardi was the son of the goldsmith Gilberto Baiardi. He worked in Parma. Known for his Painting of St James (1542).

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1856, in Birmingham; died 1939.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, silversmith. Landscapes.

Oliver Baker studied art under his father, Samuel Henry Baker, and at Birmingham School of Art. He worked in Stratford-upon-Avon and exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1883 to 1896...

Article

Rigmor Lovring

(Hendrik)

(b Copenhagen, March 9, 1871; d Copenhagen, Jan 28, 1941).

Danish painter and metalworker . He trained at private schools of painting in Copenhagen. In 1889–1904 he travelled to Paris and Brittany several times and between 1892 and 1906 was often in Italy. Mette Gauguin (b 1850) inspired in him an interest in French art, and it was she who introduced him to Paul Gauguin and Paul Sérusier in Brittany. He was encouraged by his friend the Dutch painter Jan Verkade to convert from Judaism to Catholicism in 1893. Ballin introduced French Symbolism and Art Nouveau to Denmark, and he was valued for his knowledge of the work of Gauguin, Sérusier, the Symbolists and the Synthetists. Symbolist inspiration is apparent in one of his few paintings, At the Beach (1900; Copenhagen, M. Bredholt priv. col.)

After his conversion to Catholicism, Ballin became interested in religious artefacts and abandoned painting for metalwork. In 1899 he opened a metal workshop with the sculptor ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born in Lyons.

Painter, sculptor. Nudes, portraits. Medals.

Jeanne Bardey's work was wide-ranging and included painted or sculpted portraits, three-dimensional nudes and medals.

She exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in 1909 and 1910 and then at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, of which she became a member in ...