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Article

Lisa M. Binder

(b Anyako, Ghana, June 13, 1944).

Ghanaian sculptor, active in Nigeria. He earned a bachelor’s degree in sculpture (1968) and a postgraduate diploma in art education from the University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana (1969). After graduation he taught at the Specialist Training College (now University of Winneba), Ghana, in a position vacated by the eminent sculptor Vincent Kofi. From 1975 he was Professor of Sculpture at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Anatsui’s practice often makes use of found objects including bottle caps, milk-tins and cassava graters. However, he is not concerned with recycling or salvaging; instead he seeks meaning in the ways materials can be transformed to make statements about history, culture and memory.

His early work consists of ceramic sculptures manipulated to reconfigure pieces of memory. In 1978 he began his Broken Pots series, which was exhibited the following year at the British Council in Enugu, Nigeria. Several of the ceramic works were made of sherds that were fused together by a grog-like cement of broken pieces. Making art historical references to ...

Article

Togolese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 11 November 1968, in Lomé.

Painter (mixed media).

A self-taught artist, Tetevi Azankpo works with recycled materials such as rusting receptacles, lengths of metal wire and rubber to produce fantasy figurines.

He has exhibited at group exhibitions, among them ...

Article

John-Paul Stonard

(b Merseyside, June 23, 1966).

English sculptor and conceptual artist. She studied at Kingston Polytechnic, Surrey (1986–9), and at Goldsmiths’ College of Art in London (1992–3). She had her first solo exhibition at City Racing, London, in 1994, and in the following year was included in General Release: Young British Artists at the XLVI Venice Biennale. Banner came to prominence with her ‘wordscapes’, large text works that recount the plots of feature films or other events. The first of these was Top Gun (pencil on paper, 2.13×4.57 m, 1993), a hand-written account of the film Top Gun presented on a cinematic scale. The ‘wordscapes’ led to the publication in 1997 of The Nam, 1000 pages of continuous text describing the Vietnam war movies Apocalypse Now, Born on the Fourth of July, Full Metal Jacket, Platoon, Hamburger Hill and The Deer Hunter. This unreadable text points to the excess of violence in such films, the numbing of critical faculties, as well as the mythologizing and fictionalizing framing devices used to interpret historical events. Towards the end of the 1990s she became interested in the implications of punctuation signs, dwelling on their qualities as abstract marks that give structure to text. By selecting a variety of fonts, enlarging the full stop signs to ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Painter, sculptor, mixed media, architect.

Bedel's works are metaphorical. In relief to varying degrees, he combines shiny metal with dull organic materials to create models that resemble towns, while privileging the evocation of the book form. He gives poetic expression to his pessimistic preoccupations concerning the future of humanity....

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in London.

Born 1976, in Hamburg.

Video artist.

Bernd Behr is a graduate of Goldsmiths College in London in the arts. His most notable creation is a film on DVD, Theatre of Emptiness ( Théâtre du Vide), which consists of a loop of film of a man climbing a high gateway. This film was shot at the exact spot where Yves Klein took his famous photograph ...

Article

Canadian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in England.

Born 1966, in Fort Frances (Ontario).

Installation artist.

Angela Bulloch studied at Goldsmith's College in London, where she lives and works. She was awarded the Whitechapel Artists Award in 1989, and was shortlisted for the Turner Prize in ...

Article

Catherine M. Grant

revised by Courtney Gerber

(b Fort Frances, Ont., Aug 29, 1966).

Canadian installation artist active in England. She studied at Goldsmiths’ College, London, graduating in 1988. In the same year she exhibited alongside artists such as Damien Hirst in the influential exhibition Freeze, curated by Hirst. Critics quickly identified the artists in this exhibition, including Bulloch, as the Young Britist Artists (YBAs), a nomenclature with which Bulloch expressed discomfort because it suggested a hermetic grouping (Bussel, p. 33). Bulloch’s work consistently focuses on interfaces and context shifts, it explores the myriad of outcomes and power plays brought about when contact between audience and art, site and art, form and content, or a combination of these connections occurs within given boundaries. In her interactive pieces, viewers perform some kind of action in order to trigger a response from the work at hand. Because Bulloch sets the parameters within which such interactions transpire, viewers do not gain absolute control over the artwork, in spite of their collaboration in its interpretation. In ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1962, in Lahore, Pakistan; died 1994.

Installation artist.

Hamad Butt graduated from Goldsmiths College in London in 1990. In his installations he explored scientific phenomena and in particular the experience of viral invasion. Butt died from AIDS in 1994.

1995...

Article

Morgan Falconer

(b Lahore, 1962; d London, Sept 1994).

British sculptor of Pakistani birth. He studied at Goldsmiths College, London (1987–90). After initially working in a wide variety of media, Butt settled exclusively on installations in the late 1980s. Because of his early death little of his work has become widely known, but that which has demonstrates by an interest in alchemy and a thematic preoccupation with seduction, pleasure and danger. Transmission (1990; see 1995 exh. cat., p. 65) comprises a circle of objects that look like open books, resting on the floor. The glass pages reveal a triffid motif that is lit by dangerous ultra-violet light. The series Familiars includes some of his best-known work and is concerned with the dichotomy between physical impurity and divine grace. It also derives from his interest in chemical properties, each of the three parts employing a different member of the chemical family of halogens: Substance Sublimation Unit (1992; see 1995 exh. cat., pp. 72–3) employs iodine confined in tubes set up in a ladder formation (the form was inspired by the mythical Santa Scala, or Holy Ladder of Perfection); ...

Article

Catherine M. Grant

(b London, Nov 8, 1965).

English conceptual artist, photographer and film maker. He studied History of Art at Manchester University (1985–8) and Fine Art at Goldsmiths’ College, London (MFA, 1992–4). In 1990 he began a series of works by placing advertisements in the London magazine Loot and various newspapers, inviting people who thought they looked like God to send in their picture; this evolved into The God Look-Alike Contest (1992–3; London, Saatchi Gal.), exhibited in the Sensation exhibition (London, RA, 1997) and consisting of the original advertisement and the responses he received. For Involva (1995; see 1999 exh. cat., pp. 19–21), he advertised in a sex contacts magazine, illustrating a drawing of a woodland clearing with the caption ‘Please will you join me here?’. He then photographed the letters he had in reply in a clearing similar to the one shown in his announcement. The process of asking a question that at first appears naive or absurd is a key strategy in Chodzko’s work, the final form of which is the product of other people’s imaginations. In the late 1990s he began to target specific groups for his projects, as in ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in Nottingham.

Installation artist, video artist, photographer, sculptor. Multimedia.

Young British Artists.

Mat Collishaw studied at Nottingham Trent Polytechnic from 1985 to 1986, and at Goldsmiths College, London from 1986 to 1989. He held a residency at the Camden Arts Centre ...

Article

Zachary Baker

(b Kent, Oct 4, 1966; d Scotland, March 29, 2008).

English conceptual artist, photographer, painter and installation artist. He is associated primarily with the Goldsmiths’ College group, sometimes known as the ‘Freeze Generation’, which emerged in the late 1980s during Michael Craig-Martin’s period of teaching there. In February 1988, as a second year student, Fairhurst organized a small group exhibition at the Bloomsbury Gallery of the University of London Institute of Education; it included, alongside his own work, art by fellow students Mat Collishaw, Abigail Lane and Damien Hirst. This was a kind of precursory event for the more dynamic and famous Freeze exhibition of summer 1988, curated by Hirst, in which he also participated. In the early 1990s he was involved in many seminal events and exhibitions such as A Fête worse than Death (1993), on Charlotte Road and Rivington Street, London, curated by Joshua Compston (1971–96) and Factual Nonsense, and Some Went Mad, Some Ran Away...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in England.

Born 18 April 1948, in Karachi, Pakistan.

Installation artist.

Conceptual art.

Ceal Floyer studied at Goldsmith’s College (1991-1994) in London.

With a marked simplicity and subtlety, Floyer challenges common assumptions regarding representation. Combining a minimalist vocabulary with a conceptual framework and a Dadaist playfulness, she plays with the viewer’s apprehension of art in contrast to everyday objects and confounds the desire to locate signifiers of complex, hidden meaning. In ...

Article

Catherine M. Grant

(b Karachi, Pakistan, April 18, 1968).

British film maker, installation artist and conceptual artist of Pakistani birth, active in England. She completed a BFA at Goldsmiths’ College, London, between 1991 and 1994. For her degree show she created Pushed/Pulled (1994; see 1998 exh. cat.), changing the door panels at the entrance to the college’s studios so that they read ‘Pushed’ and ‘Pulled’ rather than ‘Push’ and ‘Pull’. This kind of conceptual slippage is typical of Floyer’s work. In Light (1994; Berne, Ksthalle), a disconnected lightbulb is illuminated by the beams from four slide projectors; the blandly descriptive title, like the work itself, is both truthful and paradoxically misleading, undermining the viewer’s expectations of the object’s functionality. Floyer uses these dislocations to produce situations in which viewers are made to feel very selfconscious about what they should be seeing, often using projections as a means of producing apparent displacements of objects or sounds. In the video ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1924, in Rodez.

Painter (mixed media), engraver, lithographer, medallist. Landscapes.

After studying at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, Pierre Fournel qualified as a teacher of drawing in 1949. In 1950 he was appointed to teach in Montpellier and settled in the village of Castelnau. He produced medals of Joseph Delteil and Jean Hugo for the Paris Mint as well as commemorative medals of the Marquis Jean Pierre and Gabriel Couderc, founder of the Musée Paul Valery in Sète....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in London.

Born 1963, in Paisley, near Glasgow.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Ephemeral material.

Anya Gallaccio studied at the Kingston Polytechnic (1984-1985) and at Goldsmith’s College in London (1985-1988). In 1998 she was awarded the Sargent Fellowship by the British School in Rome. She was shortlisted for the Turner Prize in ...

Article

John-Paul Stonard

(b Glasgow, 1963).

British installation artist. She studied at Kingston Polytechnic (1984–5), and Goldsmiths’ College, London (1985–8). In 1992 she created the installation Red on Green at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London. For this she beheaded ten thousand roses and laid the blooms in a dense mass on a thick bed of their stalks. A core aspect of her work is change and transformation: in this case it occurred as a decay, the flowers decomposing throughout the period of the exhibition. The strong poetic associations of this work, the rose as symbol of love rotting in what could be seen as a mass grave, were tempered by formal associations with the work of Minimalist predecessors such as Carl Andre and Richard Serra. The title of the installation also made reference to a painting by Mark Rothko. In all these cases Gallaccio recasts hitherto masculine traditions within a feminine aesthetic. Both the ephemerality and site-specificity of all her work make it notoriously difficult to document. Gallaccio is careful to discard all the material related to an installation once it has closed and resists photographic documentation; in this sense her work is anti-monumental, unconcerned with a legacy outside the memories of those who witnessed it. For instance, ...

Article

Native American (Choctaw, Cherokee), 20th-21st century, male.

Born 31 March 1972, in Colorado.

Painter, sculptor, mixed-media artist.

Jeffrey Gibson received a BFA from the Art Institute of Chicago (1995) and an MFA from the Royal College of Art (1998), which was funded by his tribal group, the Mississippi Band of the Choctaw Nation. Since ...

Article

Morgan Falconer

(b Aylesbury, April 13, 1964).

English conceptual artist. He studied at Hertfordshire College of Art (1983–4) and Goldsmiths’ College, London (1984–7). Gillick characterized his early work as ‘displacement activity’, a method of working that was parallel to certain professional methods but that opened their processes to question. His first exhibition (London, Karsten Schubert Gal., 1989) demonstrated this device in relation to architecture: using a computer programme, Gillick produced a series of drawings for buildings that were deliberately faulty or unworkable as architecture. In the early 1990s he launched a similar project with photographer Henry Bond (b 1966) in which they operated as a news team in order to examine the procedures behind news-gathering; the result became the series Documents (1991). Following these works, Gillick began to produce art in the form of scripts and text-based proposals, sometimes in book form, though related works also emerged from them: ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Villach.

Sculptor, painter, installation artist, draughtsman.

Bruno Gironcoli first studied to be a goldsmith in Innsbruck, then followed courses in fine arts from 1957 until 1959, and decorative arts from 1960 until 1962, at the academy in Vienna. He then spent two years in Paris. He lives and works in Vienna, where he has taught at the school of decorative arts and the art college since ...