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Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 11 February 1881, in Quargnento (Alessandria); died 13 April 1966, in Milan.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, collage artist, engraver (including etching), lithographer, decorative designer, art theorist. Landscapes, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, seascapes. Frescoes.

Futurism, Pittura Metafiscia (Metaphysical Painting), Novecento Italiano, Magic Realism...


Kai Budde

(b Cologne; fl Strasbourg, 1590s).

German cabinetmaker, writer and engraver. He is recorded as a cabinetmaker and citizen of Strasbourg from 1596. He appears to have been a pupil of the architect Johann Schoch, who designed Schloss Gottesau, near Karlsruhe (c. 1587), and the Friedrichsbau of the Heidelberg Schloss (c. 1601–7). Guckeisen, in collaboration with Veit Eck (fl Strasbourg, 1587), wrote a Kunstbüchlein (Strasbourg, 1596) dedicated to masons and cabinetmakers. He also wrote a similar work, Etlicher Architectischer Portalen, Epitapien, Caminen Und Schweyffen, published in the same year in Cologne. They were followed in 1599 by a series of engraved designs for six chests, also published in Cologne. In collaboration with the cabinetmaker and etcher Hans Jakob Ebelmann, Guckeisen also produced the Schränke (1598), Seilenbuch (1598), Architectura Kunstbuch Darinnen Alerhand Portalen Reisbetten Undt Epitaphien (1599) and Schweyfbuch (1599), the last dedicated to the cabinetmaker Jacob Riedel in Strasbourg. As a designer of ornament, Guckeisen was familiar with the whole repertory of Renaissance decoration, using it in varied combinations....


[Ruetger; Roetger]

(b ?Prague, ?c. 1585–95; d ?after 1645).

German cabinetmaker and engraver. He is recorded as a journeyman joiner in Cologne in 1615 and as resident in Düsseldorf c. 1630. He may be credited with essentially three works, each issued in several versions and editions. The first, Architectur, nach antiquitetischer Lehr und geometrischer Ausstheilung: Seulen Termen Bochg (Cologne, 1610), includes copper engravings based on woodcuts from Hans Blum’s Quinque columnarum exacta descriptio … (1550). A later, large-format engraving (1627; Hollstein, nos 1–25) published by Kassmann presents the five orders of Classical architecture according to Blum, as seen in the 1610 edition. The second, Kassmann’s first largely independent work, Architectura Lehr Seiulen-Bochg. Nach reichtier Mas und Semeitrei Austeilung deir Funf Sulen Tuscana, Dorica, Jonica, Corintica, Composita Gar Fleisichg Auss dien Antiquitettien Giezogien … (Cologne, 1615), has column orders again based on Blum, but its portals, fountains, fireplaces, tombs and ornaments (chiefly scrollwork) follow those of Wendel Dietterlin and Gabriel Krammer. A new version (Cologne, ...


Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 9th December 1823, in Ravenna; died 29th July 1896, in Ravenna.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver (burin). Architectural views. Decorative schemes.

Luigi Ricci was the father of Corrado Ricci, the art historian. Luigi was taught by Francesco Cocchi of Bologna between 1846...


Mark Allen Svede

(b nr Cēsis, April 28, 1896; d Tbilisi, Georgia, July 14, 1944).

Latvian painter, printmaker, ceramicist, interior designer, tage and film set designer and theorist. He was the foremost ideologue for modernism in Latvia and was one of its greatest innovators. His militant defence of avant-garde principles befitted his experience as a soldier and as one of the artists who, after World War I, was denied a studio by the city officials and staged an armed occupation of the former premises of the Riga Art School. At the end of the war he painted in an Expressionist manner: In Church (1917; Riga, priv. col., see Suta, 1975, p. 19), for example, is an exaltation of Gothic form and primitivist rendering. Unlike his peers Jāzeps Grosvalds and Jēkabs Kazaks, he was extremely interested in Cubism and Constructivism, the theories of which informed his paintings, drawings, prints and occasional architectural projects of the 1920s. At this time he and his wife, the painter ...