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Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 26 February 1937, in Madrid.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, decorative designer, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman. Scenes with figures, figures, portraits. Stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

Eduardo Arroyo was educated at the Lycée Français in Madrid and then at the School of Journalism. At the age of 21, he left Franco's Spain for Paris, where he was to remain in exile for some 20 years. Although his original intention was to be a journalist rather than a painter, he saw painting as the most accessible and effective medium for his main aim, which was political militancy. He taught himself to paint, but this was made easier by the fact that it was not so much any possible aesthetic dimension to the work that interested him, but rather its immediate intelligibility and the power of the image. He brought together a mixture of techniques to create the effective image. Collage in its various forms was a constant feature of his style. In his early work, he often turned to what was then called 'Modification': that is, taking either a genuine picture from a second-hand shop, or a reproduction (as in the case of a work by Goya, Velázquez or Miró), and superimposing pictorial additions to alter the meaning, generally with the aim of being controversial and often humorous as well. He rapidly became a master of minimalist techniques, and soon began to exhibit at group shows. Some of these early shows were at the traditional exhibition centres, such as the Salon des Grands et Jeunes d'Aujourd'hui and the Salon de Mai. He was an influential member of the Salon de la Jeune Peinture, where he exhibited from 1960 onwards, and his exhibitions there between 1964 and 1969 (with Aillaud and Récalcati) triggered militant activity that led to a temporary change in the group's name....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 January 1907, in Moligt, near Alep, of Armenian origin; died 12 August 2000, in Marsac-sur-l'Isle (Dordogne).

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, pastellist, collage artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist. Nudes, landscapes, landscapes with figures, still-lifes. Designs for tapestries, stage sets...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 17 May 1947, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor of assemblages, mixed media, potter.

Odile Frachet was originally a decorator of crockery and porcelain, and has taught in a number of different workshops. She creates ceramic panels and collages, in a solidly structured, naturalistic yet abstract style. She also made a fountain for the water treatment factory in Toulouse....

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, collage artist, decorative designer. Scenes with figures, figures. Stage sets.

Groups: Hundsgruppe (Dog’s group), Phantastischer Realismus group.

Ernst Fuchs enrolled at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1945. From 1946 to 1950, he was a pupil of Gütersloh, whom Salvador Dalí considered the most important painter of his time (after himself). In around 1950, he was one of the founders of the Viennese ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Marcilly-sur-Eure from 1984.

Born 10 March 1946, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), installation artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, figure compositions, genre scenes, portraits, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Gérard Garouste was mostly self-taught. He went to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris for a brief period in ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1925.

Born 27 June 1921, in Warsaw.

Painter (gouache/mixed media), sculptor, engraver, illustrator, decorative artist. Designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics.

Ladislas Kijno made his first pictorial experiments while studying philosophy at the University of Lille between 1941 and 1945. In 1950 he founded the ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 4 November 1952, in Casablanca.

Sculptor (including bronze), assemblage artist, designer. Furniture.

Using a variety of objects and materials, Michel Kiriliuk creates what he calls furniture - tables, consoles and standard lamps - the extremely Baroque nature of which renders their use problematic. He has exhibited at various Salons in Paris, including the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs and the Salon d'Automne....

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1975 in France.

Born 5 July 1940, in Moscow.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, engraver, decorative designer, sculptor. Stage sets.

Yuri Kuper was the son of a violinist, and studied at the academy of fine art in Moscow from 1957 to 1963...

Article

Estonian, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1939, in Tallinn.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Kinetic art.

Kaarel Kurismaa studied painting at the Tallinn Art Institute from 1966 to 1971. He held a part-time job as a display window decorator for a department store during this period. This experience entailed selecting and staging brand-new consumer products for broad public appeal, which surely advanced Kurismaa’s interest in Pop aesthetics. Called the father of Estonian kinetic art, Kurismaa created his first such object in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 3 August 1955, in Bayonne; died 15 March 1994, in Paris.

Sculptor, painter (including mixed media), draughtsman, watercolourist. Wall decorations, jewels.

Philippe Marfaing attended Peninghen Art School in Paris before attending the École des Beaux-Arts. Marfaing used sculptures, watercolours, drawings, paintings and collages to address the tensions between shape and matter and later, the possibilities any image presents. He also designs jewellery. He has worked mostly in Paris and St-Jean-de-Luz. Around ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1901, in Rovereto; died 1986, in Milan.

Painter (gouache/mixed media), sculptor, decorative artist, potter.

Fausto Melotti graduated in 1924 from the polytechnic in Milan with a degree in electronic engineering and went on to earn a sculpture diploma at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera, where he was a pupil of Adolf Wildt. During his studies, he was closely associated with Fontana. Melotti taught sculpture from ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France fromc.1970.

Born 1948, in Buenos Aires.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, illustrator, sculptor, installation artist, decorative artist. Scenes with figures.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Ricardo Mosner mixes acrylics and pastels and also works in gouache, producing brightly-coloured, graphical, figurative works executed in a free and apparently slapdash style. He tackles subjects such as celebrations and night-life in a free and easy manner. In ...

Article

John-Paul Stonard

(b Düsseldorf, Feb 19, 1950).

German sculptor. He attended the Staatlichen Kunstakademie Düsseldorf (1975–82), where he studied under Klaus Rinke. From 1979 Mucha made assemblages and constructions from furniture and other objects, creating an oblique, highly personal oeuvre that alludes to industry and travel in contemporary Germany. During the 1980s he created installations, often using furniture found in situ — desks, chairs, lights etc. — that raised questions of ownership and display, and of the autonomy of the museum environment. In 1982 he made Wartesaal (see 1982 exh. cat.), a steel structure holding 242 signs bearing six-letter German station names that could be removed and displayed on a brightly-lit table. The theme of travel, especially of the railway, is central to Mucha’s work. With Wartesaal he constructed an endless imaginary journey that may refer to the spiritual journey of a people during reconstruction. Other major room installations during the 1980s include Das Figur-Grund Problem in der Arkitektur des Barok (für dich allein bleibt nür das grab...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 20 April 1894, in Modena; died 1956, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, scenographer. Figures, portraits, landscapes, interiors, still-lifes. Stage costumes and sets, marionettes, wall decorations, furniture.

Futurism, Dadaism.

Groups: Cercle et Carré, Abstraction-Création, Group 40.

Enrico Prampolini studied briefly with Diulio Cambellotti at the Accademia di Belle Arti in, Rome, but was expelled in 1913. He wrote his own manifesto, ...

Article

Danish, 20th century, female.

Active in Belgium.

Born 1941, in Copenhagen.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, engraver. Wall decorations.

Anne-Marie Sikker trained at the school of industrial art and design and the Kunstakademi in Copenhagen, and at the art academy in Watermael-Boitsfort in Belgium. She spent some time in Latin America....

Article

Catherine M. Grant

(b Castle Eden, nr Hartlepool).

English sculptor, installation artist, curator and writer. She studied at Sunderfield Polytechnic between 1980 and 1983 and Goldsmiths’ College, London, between 1984 and 1986. In the early 1990s she used furniture and domestic objects as sculptural materials, reworking them so that they became art objects, as with Shadow Box (1990; see 1997 exh. cat.). Here a padded leather seat, which seems to be a typical gallery bench, is echoed by an abstract wall relief, also in leather; closer inspection reveals that the latter is sewn into squares that could be the interior of the seat, inducing the sensation both of sitting on the installation and of looking at what is normally ignored or unseen in the gallery. For Gold Card (1992; see 1997 exh. cat.) Smith placed gold credit cards bearing the message ‘I wanna be your fantasy’ in various phone booths along Charing Cross Road in London, adjacent to cards advertising the services of prostitutes; the invitation to use the card to buy intimacy linked ‘acceptable’ consumer lust with the taboo sale of the fantasises on display next to them. Smith often created viewing situations that encourage a reassessment of the values represented by everyday objects and scenarios, transforming the ordinary into trophies or mementos that lay bare uncomfortable associations. In the sculpture ...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 18 August 1920, in Guadalajara (Jalisco).

Painter (mixed media/gouache), sculptor, engraver, decorative artist, draughtsman. Figures, nudes, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals. Stage sets.

Juan Soriano had no artistic training other than some instruction on 19th century Mexican and European art. When very young he apparently received advice from Roberto Montenegro and Jesús Reyes Ferreira. In 1935 he was appointed to teach in Mexico art school. He often visited Europe, especially Rome and Paris, where he lived....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1928, in London.

Painter, sculptor, mixed media, engraver, screen printer. Wall decorations.

Pop Art.

Joseph Tilson was initially a carpenter-joiner and subsequently made use of this skill in his artistic creations. After military service in the Royal Air Force he studied at St Martin's School of Art and the Royal College of Art in London from 1949 to 1955. He won the Knapping Prize and the Rome Prize in 1955, which enabled him to spend two years in Italy. In 1961 he won the Gulbenkian Scholarship for young painters. He also spent some time in Spain. He taught at the University of London, the Institute of Visual Art in New York and the Hamburg School of Fine Art. He was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1985 and a full member in 1991....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 13 June 1924, in Toronto (Ontario); died 1990.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, sculptor, illustrator, engraver, decorative designer. Murals, stage costumes and sets.

Op Art.

Painters Eleven.

Harold Barling Town studied at the Western Technical Institute and the Ontario College of Art in Toronto ...