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Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

Norwegian, 19th century, male.

Born 13 April 1823, in Oslo; died 1 May 1906, in Oslo.

Painter, illustrator, photographer. Historical subjects, military portraits, equestrian portraits. Decorative schemes.

Balling studied decorative painting at the royal school of art in Oslo, after which he spent some time in Copenhagen and Bremen before studying for two years at the Berlin academy. He returned to Oslo in ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1920 active in Germany, and from 1946 in the USA.

Born 5 April 1900, in Haag (Lower Austria); died 15 August 1985, in Santa Barbara (California), USA.

Painter, collage artist, photomontage artist, designer, decorative designer, architect.

In 1919 Bayer studied under the architect Georg Schmidthammer in Linz, and in ...

Article

Belgian, 19th century, male.

Born 1815, in Ghent; died 1897.

Painter.

Louis Delattre worked in various occupations - as a mechanic, painter and decorator, bank clerk and photographer. In 1865 he built a flying machine, however the trials proved unsuccessful. He exhibited his paintings in cafés and on newsagents' stands. He is known for his ...

Article

Courtney Gerber

[Dicker, Friederike]

(b Vienna, July 30, 1898; d Auschwitz-Birkenau, Oct 9, 1944).

Austrian designer, painter, teacher and political activist. The only child of Simon Dicker and Karolina Fanta, she studied photography with Johannes Beckmann in Vienna at the Graphische Lehr- unde Versuchsanstalt in 1914. She mastered the medium within two years, but found its expressive potential limiting and did not pursue it further. In 1915 Dicker-Brandeis enrolled at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Vienna as a student of painter Franz Cižek. In 1916 she transferred to Johannes Itten’s private school in Vienna where she engaged with Itten’s unconventional teaching methods, which focused on unearthing one’s creative powers through meditation, colour theory and interpreting the rhythmic and formal language of art while allowing them to converge. She decided to leave Vienna in 1919 so that she could continue working with Itten who had been offered a post at the Bauhaus School in Weimar. Dicker-Brandeis remained at the Bauhaus until 1923, training in the textile, printing, painting, sculpture and stage design workshops. Her instructors included such artists as Lyonel Feininger and Paul Klee. An exemplary student, after her first year she was asked to teach Itten’s Basic Course for the school’s new students. While at the Bauhaus Dicker-Brandeis created a myriad of works ranging from fine art works on paper to children’s toys. The mixed-media composition ...

Article

Gjergj Frashëri

[Nikollë]

(b Shkodër, Aug 15, 1860; d Shkodër, Dec 12, 1939).

Albanian painter, architect, sculptor and photographer. His grandfather Andrea Idromeno was a painter and a doctor of theology; his father, Arsen Idromeno, was a furniture designer and painter. Kol Idromeno took private lessons in painting (1871–5) at the studio of the photographer and painter Pietro Marubi (1834–1903). In 1875 he won a competition and began studies at the Accademia di Belle Arti, Venice. However, due to arguments with his teacher, he abandoned the school and continued his studies in one of the large studios in Venice (1876–8).

At first Idromeno produced works with both religious and secular themes that were noted for their highly realistic rendering of the human form (e.g. St Mary Magdalene, oil on canvas, 1877; Shkodër Mus.). Many of his biblical works were executed in churches within the Shkodër district, with perhaps his best work being the frescoes of the Orthodox Church in Shkodër, especially the fragment depicting ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 23 January 1949, in Swabia.

Painter, photographer, film producer, installation artist. Wall decorations.

Karl-Harmut Lerch studied photography and was awarded a doctorate in cinematography from the University of Paris in 1986. From 1991 to 1993, he was artist in residence at the Musée National d'Art Moderne and at the national college of decorative arts in Paris....

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1962, in Munich.

Painter, installation artist, photographer. Wall decorations, furniture.

Regina Möller lives and works in Berlin. Using installations or photographs, she tackles the subject of traditional representations of women in daily life, at home or at work, putting herself in the situation. Since ...

Article

Deborah Cullen

[MoMA] (New York)

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) was founded in 1929 by patrons Lillie P(lummer) Bliss, Cornelius J. Sullivan and Rockefeller family §(1) to establish an institution devoted to modern art. Over the next ten years the Museum moved three times and in 1939 settled in the Early Modern style building (1938–9) designed by Philip S. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone that it still occupies at 11 West 53 Street. Subsequent renovations and expansions occurred in the 1950s and 1960s by Philip Johnson, in 1984 by Cesar Pelli and in 2002–4 by Yoshirō Taniguchi (b 1937). MoMA QNS, the temporary headquarters during this project, was subsequently used to provide art storage. In 2000, MoMA and the contemporary art space, P.S.1, Long Island City, Queens, announced their affiliation. Recent projects are shown at P.S.1 in Queens in a renovated public school building.

According to founding director, Alfred H(amilton) Barr...

Article

Norwegian, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Larvik; died 23 May 2015.

Sculptor, painter, printmaker, photographer. Landscapes. Wall decorations.

After spending his childhood in New York, Carl Nesjar attended the Pratt Institute of Design, New York. From 1940 to 1943 he continued his training at the Kunstakademi in Oslo, then in ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 February 1932, in Dresden.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, photographer. Murals.

Conceptual Art, Citationism, Appropriation Art.

Capitalist Realism Group.

Gerhard Richter trained as a painter-decorator and publicity artist in Zittau in 1948 before going on to study from 1951 to 1956 at the fine arts academy in Dresden, where he took classes in painting and, in particular, fresco work. Although Germany was still partitioned at the time, he managed to flee East Germany in 1961. He settled in Düsseldorf and enrolled at the city’s fine arts academy, where he studied under K.O. Götz. His circle of friends included Sigmar Pole, Konrad Lueg (who would go on to operate the Konrad Fischer gallery) and Blinky Palermo. Richter travelled to New York in the company of the latter in 1970. Since 1971, Gerhard Richter has taught at the fine arts academy in Düsseldorf, living and working in nearby Cologne since 1983. He was awarded the Arnold Bode Prize in Kassel in 1981 and the Oskar Kokoschka Prize in Vienna in 1985....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 19 April 1910, in Hampstead, London; died 11 March 2005, in Ulting (Essex).

Painter, textile designer, photographer, wallpaper designer. Interiors, landscapes, figures.

Humphrey Spender was the brother of the poet Stephen Spender. He studied art history at the Albert-Ludwig-Universität in Freiburg in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA since 1966.

Born 20 April 1941, in Château-Arnoux-St-Auban (Alpes de Haute-Provence).

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, designer, photographer, performance artist. Furniture.

Conceptual Art.

Bernar Venet lives and works in New York but spends extended periods in France, working in Rozières-sur-Mouzon, Nice and Grenoble....