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Article

A. V.  

French, 15th – 17th century (?), male.

Active in Limoges.

Monogram of an enameller.

The monogram A. V., listed by Ris Paquot, appears on an enamel in the Le Carpentier Collection.

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active at the end of the 15th century.

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

Venetian School.

According to records, from 1462 to 1486 Pier Antonio dell'Abate, together with the brothers Lorenzo and Cristoforo Canozi da Lendinara, produced woodcarvings for stalls in the churches of S Antonio in Padua, Santa in Monta in Venice and S Francisco in Treviso. Elements of his work can still be found in Ferrara....

Article

French, 15th century, male.

Active in St-Maximin (near Marseilles).

Born c. 1375; died May 1450.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures. Decorative schemes.

Andreas Abellon was a Dominican prior. Archives studied by Albanès record that the convent bought three historiated tapestries in 1444, which could have been painted by Abellon. He may have been the decorator of the chancel of the chapel, which was built between ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Painter. Frescoes, decorative schemes.

Sienese School.

In 1419, Adamo decorated the vault of the dome of Siena Cathedral. The following year he painted the ceiling of the Siena hospice. He is mentioned again in 1441. He appears to be the artist known as Adamo di Arcidosso, whose name appears on a list of painters in ...

Article

Flemish, 15th century, male.

Active in Quiers, in 1475.

Painter, decorative designer. Animals.

Flemish School.

Three of Adrien le Flamand's pictures of wild animals were used for decorations at a celebration given for the Prince of Tarento in Turin, Italy.

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Ferrara.

Painter, decorative designer.

Ferrara School.

Agnolo da Imola collaborated on the decorations for the celebration of the marriage of Eleanor of Aragon. After 1473, his name is no longer mentioned; he may be confused with the painter Agnolo, who worked for the princes of the house of Este....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Venice.

Painter, decorative designer.

Venetian School.

Agostino da Mantova decorated the house of Pietro Priuli with paintings. The house was the property of the procurators of St Mark's.

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Pavia at the end of the 15th century.

Born in Vaprio.

Painter, decorative designer.

Lombard School.

Agostino da Pavia was an assistant to Leonardo da Vinci. In 1490 he was among the painters chosen by Duke Ludovico Sforza to work on the decoration of his palace....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Bologna.

Died 1469.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures. Decorative schemes, banners.

Bolognese School.

Agostino di Marsiglio received important commissions in Siena for a period of ten years. In 1442 he executed the decorative paintings for the chapels of S Giovanni and S Crescenzia. He also produced banners, standards and a crucifix, and two figures for the altar of the Nuova chapel....

Article

Alart  

French, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1450, in Valenciennes.

Decorative designer.

In 1468 Alart participated in work on Desserts of Bruges to mark the marriage of the duke of Burgundy.

Article

Spanish, 15th century, male.

Active in Sevillec.1407.

Enameller.

Miguel Alonso may be the same artist as Ferrand Alonso.

Article

French, 15th century, male.

Painter, decorative designer.

Jehan Aloyer worked on decorations for a celebration held for the duke of Burgundy in 1467.

Article

French, 15th century, male.

Painter, decorative designer.

In 1474 Giraud Amavit carried out work in the church of the Collège de Villefranche and other buildings.

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Painter, marquetry worker. Religious subjects.

In 1489 and 1490, Angelo di Menicuccio da Iglianello collaborated with the painters Andrea Lombardo and Antonio di Bernardo Lombardo at Orvieto Cathedral. He painted a number of works, including a Pietà and was commissioned, with Antonio da Forlì, to paint a tabernacle and a crucifix....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Sculptor, marquetry worker.

Antonio da Melaria worked at Reggio Emilia. In 1462 he was commissioned by Antonia Bojardi-Fiordibelli to carry out work in the choir of Reggio Emilia's Dominican church.

Article

Armadio  

Gordon Campbell

Italian cupboard, used in the 15th century to denote a Cassone with doors instead of a lid, and thereafter a large two-storeyed cupboard. An example from the 1730s in the oratory of S Giuseppe in Urbino is decorated with a thickly impastoed imaginary landscape by Alessio de Marchis (1684–1752...

Article

Basilio Pavón Maldonado

Spanish term for a type of intricately joined wooden ceiling in which supplementary laths are interlaced into the rafters supporting the roof to form decorative geometric patterns (see fig.). Artesonado ceilings were popular in the Islamic architecture of North Africa and Spain from the 13th to the 15th century and were also used widely in Jewish and Christian architecture. They continued to be popular into the 16th century when they were effectively integrated with Renaissance motifs.

Artesonado ceilings developed from horizontal coffered ceilings, which were used in Spanish Islamic architecture as early as the 10th century ad (see Islamic art, §II, 5(iv)). The Umayyad caliph al-Hakam II (reg 961–76) ordered a carved and painted coffered ceiling for the Great Mosque of Córdoba (see Córdoba, §3, (i), (a)). It was suspended from the ceiling joists and tie-beams of the pitched roofs covering the aisles. The halls of ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Born 15th century, in Florence.

Sculptor, marquetry worker.

Astorio worked in Venice around 1486 at the presbytery of S Marco where he executed some very fine marquetry.

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

Gordon Campbell

[Antonio di Neri]

(b 1453; d 1516).

Italian intarsia designer, civil engineer, architect and engraver, was a native of Siena. From 1483 to 1502 he worked in Siena Cathedral, providing carving and intarsia for the choir-stalls in the chapel of San Giovanni (1483–1502; seven panels survive in La Collegiata in San Quirico d’Orcia and one in the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Vienna) and building the benches for the Piccolomini library (...