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Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 30 October 1858, in Étampes; died 1927, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, draughtswoman, illustrator. Allegorical subjects, genre scenes, portraits, interiors, flowers. Decorative panels.

Abbéma was a pupil of Chaplin, Henner and Carolus-Duran. Until 1926, she exhibited regularly at the Salon des Artistes Français, gaining an honourable commendation in 1881 and a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1900. She was made a Chévalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1906....

Article

Swedish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 April 1859, in Stockholm; died 1924.

Painter, engraver, decorative designer. Genre scenes, landscapes.

Johan Axel Gustav Acke worked at the academy of art in Stockholm from 1876 to 1881 before going to study at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and travelling in Italy, Holland, Belgium and Finland, where he stayed for a considerable time....

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1766, in Geneva; died 1820, in St Petersburg.

Enameller, miniaturist. Figures.

He worked in Geneva, subsequently in Russia. A miniature by him (a portrait of a man) was sold by René Ch. in 1919 for 520 francs.

Geneva: Adrienne Lecouvreur...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 28 September 1808, in Paris; died 1853, in Paris.

Painter, decorative artist. Portraits, genre scenes.

Hippolyte Adam studied first under Langlois, and then under Paul Delaroche at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He exhibited at the Paris Salon between ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1789, in Paris.

Painter, decorative artist.

J. Louis Adam is known principally for his Taking of the Trocadero, now in the town hall in Angoulême (Charente), and his decorative work for the Hotel Rothschild and the Hotel Schickler in the Place Vendôme in Paris....

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...

Article

Term used to describe a movement of the 1870s and 1880s that manifested itself in the fine and decorative arts and architecture in Britain and subsequently in the USA. Reacting to what was seen as evidence of philistinism in art and design, it was characterized by the cult of the beautiful and an emphasis on the sheer pleasure to be derived from it. In painting there was a belief in the autonomy of art, the concept of Art for Art’s Sake, which originated in France as a literary movement and was introduced into Britain around 1860.

The Aesthetic Movement was championed by the writers and critics Walter Pater, Algernon Charles Swinburne and Oscar Wilde. In keeping with Pater’s theories, the artists associated with it painted pictures without narrative or significant subject-matter. Dante Gabriel Rossetti took his inspiration from Venetian art because of its emphasis on colour and the decorative. This resulted in a number of half-length paintings of female figures, such as the ...

Article

Isabel L. Taube

Late 19th-century movement in the arts and literature characterized by the pursuit and veneration of beauty and the fostering of close relationships among the fine and applied arts. According to its major proponents, beauty was found in imaginative creations that harmonized colours, forms, and patterns derived from Western and non-Western cultures as well as motifs from nature. The Aesthetic Movement gained momentum in England in the 1850s, achieved widespread popularity in England and the USA by the 1870s, and declined by the 1890s.

The principal ideologies and practices of British Aestheticism came to the USA through both educational and commercial channels. As early as 1873, the Scottish stained-glass designer, decorator, and art dealer Daniel Cottier opened a branch of his interior design shop in New York and played a significant role in introducing aesthetic taste and artefacts to Americans. The Philadelphia Centennial Exposition of 1876, with its extensive display of industrial and decorative arts, showcased British Aestheticism and the Japanese ceramics that influenced it. British art magazines and books, especially Charles Locke Eastlake’s ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1777, in Cremona; died 1857.

Painter, watercolourist, decorative designer, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes with figures, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, theatre decoration.

Agostino Aglio trained in Milan at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera. In 1803 he went to England to collaborate with William Wilkins, the architect, on a work concerning the antiquities of ancient Greece, which was published in ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1819, in Sutri, near Rome; died 1888, in Rome.

Painter, fresco artist, decorative designer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects.

Eugenio Agneni was a pupil of Franc Coghetti, under whose direction he found work in 1832. In 1847 Pope Pius IX entrusted him with the production of the paintings for the Throne Room of the Quirinal. In ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 17 May 1867, in Paris; died 4 September 1922, in Chamonix.

Painter, sculptor, draughtswoman. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers. Decorative panels.

Georgette Agutte came from a wealthy bourgeois family who were interested in art. She began studying sculpture by Louis Schroeder. She attended lessons given by Gustave Moreau at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, as did Matisse and Rouault, artists of her generation. After her divorce in ...

Article

Swedish, 19th century, male.

Born 31 January 1838, in Stockholm; died 26 October 1902.

Painter, decorative artist.

Ahlgrenson completed his studies in Paris and Vienna, where he painted scenery for the theatre. He worked with, and then succeeded, his first teacher, Emil Roberg, at the royal theatre in Stockholm. In ...

Article

Swedish, 19th century, male.

Born 1847, in Wiborg, Finland.

Watercolourist, decorative artist.

Ahrenberg studied first in Helsinki in 1866, then from 1870 onwards he worked in Stockholm and went on study tours. In 1886, he was appointed as a government architect. He was responsible for many buildings in Finland, Sweden and Russia. His watercolours are mainly of architectural subjects. He received an honourable mention at the Paris Exposition Universelle in ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Stained glass painter, enameller.

From 1893, Aikman exhibited the designs and executions of his works. He endeavoured to bring back to life in England the science of the master stained-glass painters of the Renaissance as well as that of the artists of the Gothic period....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 15 January 1786, in Bordeaux; died 2 March 1864, in Paris.

Painter, fresco artist, watercolourist, draughtsman. Figure compositions, historical subjects, battles, mythological subjects, portraits, interiors with figures, ruins. Murals, decorative panels.

The second son of the painter and decorative artist Pierre Joseph Alaux, Jean studied initially under Pierre Lacour the Elder at the École des Beaux-Arts in Bordeaux, then under François André Vincent at the Beaux-Arts in Paris (where one of his fellow pupils was Horace Vernet). He went on to study under Pierre Narcisse Guérin, where he made the acquaintance of Ary Scheffer and Eugène Delacroix. Alaux won the Grand Prix de Rome in ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 16 July 1756, in Lautrec (Tarn); died most probably, in Bordeaux.

Painter, decorative designer. Theatre decoration.

Pierre-Joseph Alaux studied painting and decoration with his father, Joseph, a painter, decorator and master weaver born at the beginning of the 18th century. Pierre-Joseph had several children, including three painter sons: Jean-Pierre the Elder, who created the 'neorama', Jean, nicknamed Romain, and Jean-Paul, known as Gentil. He worked principally in Bordeaux, a town then expanding rapidly, and where in ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Active in Milanc.1812.

Born 1789, in Bedano; died February 1832, in Monza.

Painter, decorative designer.

Fedele Albertolli was a pupil of Darsato at the academy in Venice. Around 1812 he worked in several palaces in Milan.

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 April 1870, in Slough; died 6 January 1935.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), pastellist, illustrator. Sporting subjects, genre scenes, hunting scenes, animals, landscapes. Posters, decorative schemes.

Cecil Aldin studied anatomy and animal painting with the animal painter William Frank Calderon at Kensington Art School. His watercolour drawings, with their sure touch and pure colours, brought him to fame. He also wrote and illustrated many children's books, such as ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 25 February 1811, in Parma; died 9 August 1848, in Parma.

Painter, watercolourist, decorative designer. Landscapes, urban landscapes.

Distinguished successor of Giuseppo Boccaccio, Giuseppe Alinovi exhibited a View of Lake Como for the first time in 1837. In 1839, by order of the Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria, he painted a setting on the road from Parma to Pontremoli and a stage set with a view of the town of Ischl....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 March 1859, in Angers; died 1941, in Angers.

Painter, decorative artist, lithographer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

He was a pupil of Ernest Hebert and Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Between ...