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Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1964.

Painter, engraver. Figure compositions, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Theatre decoration, designs for stained glass and for tapestries.

Mohamed Amich paints pictures of a Tunisia characterised by its traditions, festivals and crafts. Using a particularly wealthy range of colours, he construes and composes his works according to principal sketches and spatial structures, using a systematic approach stemming from Cubism via the teaching or example of André Lhote....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 30 June 1897, in Fleurus (Oran) Algeria; died 4 June 1981, in Marseilles.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Portraits, landscapes.

A pupil of Ernest Laurent, Belmonte also studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He exhibited with the Salon des Artistes Français in ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 26 May 1921, in Tunis.

Painter, miniaturist. Genre scenes, local scenes, figures. Wall decorations, stage sets, designs for stained glass.

Jélal Ben Abdallah was a student at the school of fine art in Tunis. Initially he was a miniaturist, having studied traditional Islamic art and developed an oriental style, often defined as Tunisian. He portrays the traditions and ceremonies of Tunisian life in a make-up inspired by the ancient miniatures, using a range of warm ochres and soft browns. He also proved himself to be capable of adapting the images from these miniatures to a much larger format, that of murals, especially popular in the banks of Tunisia. His pleasant illustrations of Tunisian traditions are very popular with the public. As well as a certain ease of style and subject-matter, he can also achieve a certain poetic vein in his work....

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 25 December 1910, in Tunis.

Painter, watercolourist, miniaturist, decorative artist. Figures, animals. Designs for tapestries.

In 1932 Ali Ben Salem was involved in setting up the Musée d'Art Tunisien. His tapestry-like painting is highly decorative and reveals graceful outlines and tender colours, featuring elegant young women alongside nimble animals....

Article

Chest  

J. W. Taylor

Large box container with a hinged lid. When the lid is domed, or if the chest is reinforced, it can also be known as a coffer. Chests are among the earliest furniture types and commonly served in ancient Egyptian homes as storage for clothing, linen and valuables. The shape and size of these chests often depended on their function. Some types, which could be quite complex, were known during the Old Kingdom (...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 February 1925, in Alexandria, Egypt.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, graphic designer. Posters, wall decorations, designs for tapestries, designs for carpets.

From 1942, Jean Cortot studied under Othon Friesz at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, and together with Busse, Calmettes, Patrix and others, was a co-founder of the ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France and in Egypt.

Born 1910, in Igalo; died 5 August 2000, in Milan.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, architect, sculptor, decorative designer. Landscapes with figures, landscapes, architectural views. Stage sets, monuments, medals.

Futurism.

Crali was born in what is now called Croatia. Several months later, his family settled in Zara (now Zadar), where he lived until ...

Article

Simon Njami

Senegalese painter and furniture designer. He graduated from the Ecole Normale Supérieure d’Education Artistique and the International School of Art and Research, Nice. He taught at the Ecole Nationale des Arts and in 1997 was president of the National Association of Fine Arts, Senegal, as well as a member of the Economic and Social Council of Senegal. In the 1980s his ‘dense and emotive’ works were figurative and dealt with general issues such as violence. His work of the mid-1990s was made with strips of cotton cloth, fashioned on canvases so as to create areas of three-dimensional relief, and colored with browns and ochres. He also created brightly coloured figurative acrylic pieces on paper. He exhibited in the first (...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Cairo.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator, decorative artist. Decorative motifs. Stage costumes and sets, designs for jewellery.

A pupil at the Académie Julian, the École des Arts Decoratifs and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, Georges Doche went on to show his work in several public exhibitions and, in particular, at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants in Paris, as well as at several private galleries in Geneva, Tokyo and London. He had a number of solo exhibitions, including in Paris (...

Article

Ebony  

Gordon Campbell

Hard black wood, obtained from various species of the family Ebenaceae, especially Diospyros ebenum (sourced by the British from Sri Lanka and the French from Madagascar) and Diospyros melanoxylon (Zebra-wood from the Coromandel Peninsula in New Zealand) but also species such as Brya ebenus (the Jamaican rain tree)....

Article

John Wilton-Ely

Neo-classical style of architectural and interior design; as Egyptomania or Egyptiennerie it reached its peak during the late 18th century and early 19th. Napoleon’s campaign in Egypt (1798) coincided with emerging tastes both for monumental and for richly ornamental forms, enhanced by the literary and associational concerns of Romanticism. Unlike its Greek and Gothic counterparts, the Egyptian Revival never constituted a coherent movement with ethical or social implications. Indeed, since its earliest manifestations occurred in the later Roman Empire, the Revival itself can be seen as one in a series of sporadic waves of European taste in art and design (often linked to archaeological inquiry), acting as an exotic foil to the Classical tradition with which this taste was and remains closely involved (...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 2 June 1928, in Tunis.

Painter. Figure compositions, figures. Wall decorations.

Gorgi was a native of Georgia who lived and worked in Tunis. From 1949 onwards, he took part in group exhibitions in Tunis, as well as in the 1958...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Terminal for furniture legs (or silverware legs) in the form of an animal’s foot. The motif was first used in ancient Egypt and was used in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 29 September 1935, in Philippeville, Algeria.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, medallist, illustrator. Figures, landscapes. Wall decorations, designs for stained glass, postage stamps.

Irolla's figurative painting is traditional, depicting the skies of Champagne, its valleys, vineyards, village churches and streets. He executed stained glass windows (Châlons-sur-Marne), mural decorations (Vitry-le-François, St-Memmie, Châlons-sur-Marne) and numerous postage stamps. He also illustrated several books, notably ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 February 1933, in Bône, now Annaba, Algeria.

Painter (gouache), lithographer. Genre scenes, landscapes.

Guy Karsenty was initially a shop-sign painter and decorator and in 1955 became a student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Tours. He later moved to Paris where he continued to paint signs and posters. He is then believed to have worked as a teacher in Toulon. He took part in numerous regional group exhibitions and received various local awards and honours. He exhibited at the Salon des Surindépendants in Paris in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active in Morocco.

Born 1937.

Painter, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, decorative designer. Local figures, figures, costume studies.

Jean-Marie Louis studied at the St Luke and La Cambre Academy in Brussels; from 1970 he lived and worked for some 30 years in Morocco. He acknowledges the influence of 18th-century Japanese art but purports to belong to the 'great family of Expressionism'. He exhibits only rarely, although his work is held in very high esteem in Morocco. He is also noted on account of his illustrations for ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1910, in El-Boulaida, Algeria; died 2 September 2003, in Paris.

Painter. Wall decorations, designs for mosaics, designs for tapestries.

After completing her secondary education, Maria Manton followed parallel courses from the Conservatoire and the École des Beaux-Arts while in Algiers. In ...

Article

Morocco  

Fine flexible leather made (originally in Morocco, Kingdom of) from goatskin tanned with sumac, used especially in bookbinding, shoemaking and upholstery. The term is also used to denote imitations made in sheepskin or lambskin.

Article

Swiss, 18th century, male.

Born 1707, in Geneva.

Enameller. Religious subjects, portraits. Miniatures.

A notable work by him is a Flight into Egypt.

Paris, 16 May 1950: Portrait Presumed to be of Jean-Baptiste Rousseau (1726, miniature/enamel) FRF 100,000

Article

South African, 20th century, male.

Born 1943, in Hlabisa area, Natal (KwaZulu-Natal); died 2007.

Basketweaver.

Reuben Ndwandwe lived in the Hlabisa area of KwaZulu-Natal. He was taught to weave at the Mahashini Primary School under the apartheid regime, when such crafts were compulsory for black students. In pre-industrial South Africa, most basket weaving was done by men. By the early 20th century, due to the migrant labour system and the availability of plastic and metal containers, this activity had all but died out. In the 1950s, missionary organisations supported a revival of the craft in KwaZulu-Natal as a means to economic upliftment, especially for women. Ndwandwe was encouraged to pursue basket weaving during a long convalescence in hospital. He was one of the few men pursuing the craft in the second half of the 20th century and was renowned for his immaculately woven lidded baskets with intricate over-weaving and subtle colours....